Top 200 institutions in Earth & Environmental Sciences by multilateral collaboration score (MCS)

The table shows leading institutions ranked by their multilateral collaboration score (MCS) in Earth and environmental sciences from 2015 to 2017. Also listed are the domestic and international MCS for each institution, as well as the number of collaborating partners for each institution (# Bilateral collaborations 2015–2017).

RankInstitutionCountry/RegionDomestic
MCS
2015–2017
International
MCS
2015–2017
MCS
2015–2017
# Bilateral
collaborations
2015–2017
1Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)China500.95331.65832.611,152
2French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS)France383.29258.56641.851,738
3National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)United States of America (USA)468.93121.88590.80937
4Helmholtz Association of German Research CentresGermany175.58372.26547.841,354
5National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)United States of America (USA)302.6177.71380.31818
6California Institute of Technology (Caltech)United States of America (USA)241.36110.46351.82767
7Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich)Switzerland96.87239.34336.22764
8University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder)United States of America (USA)255.8677.36333.22785
9U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)United States of America (USA)229.7255.99285.71764
10University of California Berkeley (UC Berkeley)United States of America (USA)179.6394.45274.08778
11Columbia University in the City of New York (CU)United States of America (USA)160.1588.63248.78778
12Nanjing University (NJU)China156.2592.11248.36448
13University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)United States of America (USA)133.8274.48208.30622
14University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS)China176.6330.95207.58308
15Stanford UniversityUnited States of America (USA)135.1671.42206.58636
16University of Washington (UW)United States of America (USA)133.3973.11206.50662
17Peking University (PKU)China94.60100.53195.13489
18University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego)United States of America (USA)112.5778.11190.69594
19Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)United States of America (USA)107.9877.51185.49568
20National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)United States of America (USA)118.1067.19185.29461
21University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP)United States of America (USA)118.5456.35174.89686
22Institute of Research for Development (IRD)France106.9964.59171.57977
23The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)United States of America (USA)111.1158.56169.68665
24Tongji UniversityChina115.9243.98159.90295
25University of Michigan (U-M)United States of America (USA)111.1243.77154.89505
26The University of Tokyo (UTokyo)Japan90.1163.34153.44467
27Utrecht University (UU)Netherlands34.62117.74152.36684
28Harvard UniversityUnited States of America (USA)103.6747.95151.62671
29University of OxfordUnited Kingdom (UK)56.0590.59146.64770
30Max Planck SocietyGermany50.8993.27144.17887
31Tsinghua University (TH)China81.9158.61140.52424
32Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI)United States of America (USA)88.6249.67138.29376
33Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)United States of America (USA)105.1331.86136.99372
34Imperial College London (ICL)United Kingdom (UK)36.08100.44136.53701
35University of LeedsUnited Kingdom (UK)56.0579.10135.14699
36University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison)United States of America (USA)99.8034.47134.26650
37University of Minnesota (UMN)United States of America (USA)78.8755.11133.99651
38Princeton UniversityUnited States of America (USA)90.0041.72131.72441
39Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)Spain50.3981.11131.50902
40The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State)United States of America (USA)84.9843.08128.06525
41Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech)United States of America (USA)68.9658.61127.58425
42University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa)United States of America (USA)58.7465.87124.61488
43University of Bristol (UoB)United Kingdom (UK)47.9776.35124.32486
44University of Science and Technology of China (USTC)China79.3844.55123.93205
45Paris Diderot University (Paris 7)France82.3241.08123.40524
46China University of Geosciences (CUG)China48.3274.63122.95274
47Yale UniversityUnited States of America (USA)64.1458.41122.55556
48Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG)Switzerland64.4356.49120.92361
49University of CambridgeUnited Kingdom (UK)38.0776.86114.92666
50Arizona State University (ASU)United States of America (USA)74.3840.48114.87407
51University of Toronto (U of T)Canada28.3785.92114.29403
52The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)Australia54.1259.63113.75709
53The University of Arizona (Arizona)United States of America (USA)77.9534.32112.27545
54National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV)Italy48.2863.65111.93289
55Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)United States of America (USA)85.5724.79110.36343
56Oregon State University (OSU)United States of America (USA)78.9330.78109.71546
57U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)United States of America (USA)86.2421.96108.20359
58Leibniz AssociationGermany43.1764.38107.55853
59Australian National University (ANU)Australia23.4483.15106.59590
60The University of Queensland (UQ)Australia35.7270.12105.84540
61Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)Japan71.6733.86105.54479
62University of New South Wales (UNSW)Australia35.2669.24104.50403
63Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS)United States of America (USA)63.6140.72104.33368
64University of California Irvine (UCI)United States of America (USA)64.2840.00104.28511
65Beijing Normal University (BNU)China69.0634.60103.65321
66China Meteorological Administration (CMA)China67.3234.03101.34252
67Texas A&M University (TAMU)United States of America (USA)65.7635.12100.89573
68University of California Davis (UC Davis)United States of America (USA)60.9638.4299.38459
69University of Copenhagen (UCPH)Denmark14.3584.1498.49670
70Colorado State UniversityUnited States of America (USA)72.1625.6697.82482
71University of Alberta (U of A)Canada25.6871.0196.69475
72University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC)United States of America (USA)62.9030.7493.64336
73Johns Hopkins University (JHU)United States of America (USA)64.9828.2093.17412
74Stockholm UniversitySweden32.7060.3092.99506
75The University of Chicago (UChicago)United States of America (USA)58.0732.2090.27439
76Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6France53.2736.8090.07749
77University College London (UCL)United Kingdom (UK)32.9856.9089.88727
78Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC)Canada49.9238.5688.48380
79Nanyang Technological University (NTU)Singapore7.2280.9888.21291
80Tohoku UniversityJapan50.8836.5387.41351
81Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST)China46.1040.5686.66246
82University of Oslo (UiO)Norway13.0972.9186.00457
83University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC)United States of America (USA)61.0323.7284.75409
84University of Florida (UF)United States of America (USA)48.0736.4984.56535
85University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB)United States of America (USA)57.3626.9484.31497
86University of Bremen (Uni Bremen)Germany31.5452.7584.29406
87University of Southampton (Soton)United Kingdom (UK)46.4335.1581.58441
88The University of EdinburghUnited Kingdom (UK)36.8143.2380.03506
89Monash UniversityAustralia36.7942.7679.55357
90Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS)Russia10.4467.0877.52529
91NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC)United Kingdom (UK)48.6227.2975.90327
92Curtin UniversityAustralia27.5748.1775.74356
93Zhejiang University (ZJU)China33.9741.6375.61170
94Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)United States of America (USA)58.8516.7375.58385
95Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL)Switzerland37.6337.4975.12244
96Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech)United States of America (USA)48.4726.4974.96357
97University of ExeterUnited Kingdom (UK)35.8838.8874.76581
98Duke UniversityUnited States of America (USA)52.0222.4474.47496
99McGill UniversityCanada21.0253.3974.42452
100University of ReadingUnited Kingdom (UK)46.8527.1674.01374
101The University of Iowa (UI)United States of America (USA)52.3720.4772.83231
102University of BernSwitzerland15.8055.8471.64536
103University of California Riverside (UCR)United States of America (USA)44.4426.5771.01292
104Technical University of Denmark (DTU)Denmark15.4155.1070.51383
105Smithsonian InstitutionUnited States of America (USA)52.3217.3569.66671
106China Earthquake Administration (CEA)China25.5943.9269.51197
107U.S. Department of Defense (DoD)United States of America (USA)55.8213.1668.98353
108Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)Netherlands25.5743.1768.74242
109Kyoto UniversityJapan41.7826.7668.55377
110Durham UniversityUnited Kingdom (UK)26.8841.6468.52396
111Brown UniversityUnited States of America (USA)53.7014.7368.43255
112Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU)United States of America (USA)44.4123.3167.72399
113University of Utah (Utah)United States of America (USA)45.4421.5166.94299
114Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL)United States of America (USA)45.7621.1566.91310
115The University of British Columbia (UBC)Canada15.0750.6865.75465
116Ghent University (UGent)Belgium19.1046.3465.43265
117The Ohio State University (OSU)United States of America (USA)48.4416.3364.77299
118Hokkaido UniversityJapan36.5527.9864.53269
119Cornell UniversityUnited States of America (USA)42.1022.3864.48555
120University of Southern California (USC)United States of America (USA)39.3324.9564.28224
121Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA)France32.4330.8563.28554
122Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU)China40.7422.3063.05237
123The University of Oklahoma (OU)United States of America (USA)34.7626.9761.73300
124Wageningen UR (University & Research Centre)Netherlands24.7136.5261.23611
125National Research Council (CNR)Italy29.4831.6861.16560
126The University of Western Australia (UWA)Australia31.7928.9160.70476
127The University of Hong Kong (HKU)China34.2125.8460.05208
128Rice UniversityUnited States of America (USA)29.7030.3060.00237
129Purdue UniversityUnited States of America (USA)36.2823.0359.31378
130University of HelsinkiFinland17.2441.3058.54435
131University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF)United States of America (USA)39.4219.0458.46475
132Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)United States of America (USA)47.2310.8358.07253
133Grenoble Alpes University (UGA)France35.2422.5457.78403
134Aarhus University (AU)Denmark11.0646.6357.69512
135U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)United States of America (USA)42.6714.7857.46482
136University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst)United States of America (USA)30.0126.6156.62294
137Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT)China32.7923.3856.17133
138University of Miami (UM)United States of America (USA)43.1512.7955.94266
139University of PotsdamGermany27.3828.1955.57318
140The University of Manchester (UoM)United Kingdom (UK)25.5229.6955.21352
141University of Bayreuth (UBT)Germany16.7638.1954.95263
142University of Tasmania (UTAS)Australia20.2834.4354.71366
143Southwest Research Institute (SwRI)United States of America (USA)41.6312.7754.40238
144State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook)United States of America (USA)27.8026.2554.05315
145France Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and EnergyFrance30.9322.9553.88496
146Boston University (BU)United States of America (USA)38.3115.4553.76285
147University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC)United States of America (USA)37.9715.5353.49331
148The University of Melbourne (UniMelb)Australia24.4228.9953.41401
149University of Bergen (UIB)Norway15.1938.0553.24334
150University of New Hampshire (UNH)United States of America (USA)39.8812.9152.79340
151University of LyonFrance37.1815.4152.59319
152University of Lausanne (UNIL)Switzerland17.0035.4752.47250
153North Carolina State University (NCSU)United States of America (USA)40.6011.3651.96255
154GNS ScienceNew Zealand15.8035.8651.67212
155National Taiwan University (NTU)Taiwan18.5333.0251.56187
156Met OfficeUnited Kingdom (UK)30.7120.6451.35249
157Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST)China34.2116.8251.0392
158Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES)France26.2424.7751.01496
159Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI)Israel16.2833.9150.19263
160NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS)United Kingdom (UK)19.6930.1349.82196
161University of Saskatchewan (U of S)Canada17.5132.2449.75152
162Academia SinicaTaiwan19.0930.4949.59180
163NERC National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS)United Kingdom (UK)34.6714.5149.19245
164Nagoya UniversityJapan31.0417.4148.45281
165University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen)Germany12.6235.1547.77280
166Universities Space Research Association (USRA)United States of America (USA)42.475.2447.71302
167The University of New Mexico (UNM)United States of America (USA)37.1010.4447.54391
168Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech)Japan29.1717.7146.87159
169Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)United States of America (USA)35.2511.5946.84250
170King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)Saudi Arabia0.5446.2546.79200
171French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA)France32.4114.3446.75751
172Florida State University (FSU)United States of America (USA)33.2413.5146.75306
173Macquarie UniversityAustralia14.2732.3446.61356
174National University of Singapore (NUS)Singapore7.9238.6946.61281
175Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU)Germany8.3538.1646.51228
176University of ToulouseFrance27.6518.6946.33618
177Wuhan University (WHU)China23.9122.3646.27171
178Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)Sweden21.1924.3245.52351
179Fudan UniversityChina25.0720.2645.33198
180École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris)France27.8117.2445.05365
181Ocean University of China (OUC)China20.3224.3944.71186
182The University of Georgia (UGA)United States of America (USA)34.679.7244.39297
183University of WyomingUnited States of America (USA)28.3615.9844.34292
184Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin)Germany25.9318.3144.24303
185University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ)France20.6623.4244.07492
186University of GlasgowUnited Kingdom (UK)23.6319.6743.30337
187University of SavoyFrance27.0815.4542.54336
188VU University AmsterdamNetherlands7.7334.6242.35339
189KTH Royal Institute of TechnologySweden21.5620.3241.88308
190University of Oregon (UO)United States of America (USA)31.599.6441.23183
191Uppsala University (UU)Sweden11.9129.1941.10366
192Michigan State University (MSU)United States of America (USA)21.1419.7140.85405
193NERC British Geological Survey (BGS)United Kingdom (UK)24.6215.8840.50219
194University of Connecticut (UConn)United States of America (USA)26.6013.6140.21261
195University of Lorraine (UL)France25.2114.9440.15480
196Indiana University (IU)United States of America (USA)33.136.4039.52303
197University of Münster (WWU)Germany6.9732.5039.47242
198Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI)United States of America (USA)35.953.4039.35151
199University of South Florida (USF)United States of America (USA)22.9016.4439.34273
200Lancaster UniversityUnited Kingdom (UK)15.8123.4939.30350