Top 25 / Physical sciences

The leading institutions for high-quality science in the United States, ordered by weighted fractional count (WFC) for 2016. Also shown are WFC for 2012, the change in WFC between 2012 and 2016, and the 2016 article count (AC). The top 10 states are ranked by summing the WFC for all institutions in each state. The top 10 institutions in each state are shown (see A guide to the Nature Index, page S26).

Rank Institution State WFC
2012
WFC
2016
Change in WFC
2012–2016
1 Stanford University California 205.8 203.6
2 Massachusetts Institute of Tepchnology (MIT) Massachusetts 212.9 202.3
3 Harvard University Massachusetts 212.6 171.0
4 University of California Berkeley (UC Berkeley) California 144.2 111.5
5 California Institute of Technology (Caltech) California 115.7 104.5
6 Princeton University New Jersey 122.0 103.6
7 University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB) California 139.5 88.6
8 University of Michigan (U-M) Michigan 91.6 85.8
9 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) California 92.1 81.6
10 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin) Texas 95.9 80.4
11 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) Illinois 92.0 79.3
12 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP) Maryland 90.1 79.1
13 University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) California 95.0 77.0
14 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU) New York 61.8 69.6
15 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) Pennsylvania 63.6 67.6
16 Cornell University New York 94.5 66.5
17 Northwestern University (NU) Illinois 85.1 65.3
18 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Maryland 63.2 64.8
19 Yale University Connecticut 74.4 60.5
20 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego) California 73.0 59.4
21 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) Illinois 61.9 58.5
22 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison) Wisconsin 63.6 57.2
23 University of Pennsylvania (Penn) Pennsylvania 42.0 54.9
24 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) District of Columbia 68.3 52.1
25 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Tennessee 53.3 51.3