Top 25 / Earth & environmental sciences

The leading institutions for high-quality science in the United States, ordered by weighted fractional count (WFC) for 2016. Also shown are WFC for 2012, the change in WFC between 2012 and 2016, and the 2016 article count (AC). The top 10 states are ranked by summing the WFC for all institutions in each state. The top 10 institutions in each state are shown (see A guide to the Nature Index, page S26).

Rank Institution State WFC
2012
WFC
2016
Change in WFC
2012–2016
1 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) District of Columbia 50.9 58.9
2 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Colorado 58.5 53.8
3 University of Washington (UW) Washington 41.6 40.2
4 California Institute of Technology (Caltech) California 52.2 40.1
5 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin) Texas 19.7 38.4
6 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego) California 49.1 38.3
7 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Virginia 37.4 37.9
8 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU) New York 31.1 35.4
9 Stanford University California 21.5 34.6
10 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder) Colorado 48.1 30.3
11 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison) Wisconsin 19.7 29.4
12 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Massachusetts 29.0 29.4
13 Yale University Connecticut 24.0 28.0
14 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) Massachusetts 24.8 27.1
15 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Colorado 26.0 25.7
16 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa) Hawaii 27.4 25.6
17 University of California Davis (UC Davis) California 23.3 25.0
18 University of Michigan (U-M) Michigan 19.8 24.3
19 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) Pennsylvania 24.3 24.3
20 Harvard University Massachusetts 35.8 22.6
21 Oregon State University (OSU) Oregon 17.2 21.9
22 University of California Berkeley (UC Berkeley) California 40.6 21.3
23 Smithsonian Institution District of Columbia 13.9 18.8
24 University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) California 18.7 18.4
25 Texas A&M University (TAMU) Texas 14.9 17.5