News

Where the streets are paved with ideas

24 October 2017

Richard Florida

COMMENT: Most of the world's research and entrepreneurship is concentrated in a few megacities.


Study highlights gender imbalance in peer review

23 October 2017

Jon Brock

Women peer review fewer papers than men but are more likely to reject the papers they review, a new study shows.

Destination Daejeon

20 October 2017

Mark Zastrow

A focus on basic research is shifting scientific resources from Seoul to South Korea's central city.


Metropolis of minds

19 October 2017

Smriti Mallapaty

Nature Index 2017 Science Cities looks at the challenges for established science cities and highlights some rising hotspots.

Rush to publish weakens scientific integrity, study finds

18 October 2017

Gemma Conroy

A new model suggests bias towards novel results is driving down reproducible research.

UK deliberations leave young researchers in limbo

16 October 2017

Anthea Lacchia

Lack of clarity on changes to the country's research assessment system provokes anxiety among early-career researchers.

China's pick of university winners raises eyebrows

13 October 2017

Hepeng Jia

Many fear a plan to elevate 42 universities to world class status will deepen inequality.

Automated software saves researchers valuable hours

12 October 2017

Brian Owens

Online tools are lightening the load for authors and journal editors.

Time to open the curtains on peer review

11 October 2017

Yojana Sharma

Transparency should be the new normal, says peer review leader. 

High-impact papers score well in REF, study finds

9 October 2017

Anthea Lacchia

Researchers in the UK find that the impact factor of journal articles matches judgements by a panel of experts on research quality.

New tool tracks gender imbalance in medicine

6 October 2017

Gemma Conroy

Gender proportions in medical schools are almost equal, but disparities persist further up the ranks, a new tracking tool reveals. 

Mouse pee, spider poison, and wasps' nests: 2017 Nobel research faces earthly problems

4 October 2017

Katherine Bourzac

The committed team behind the observation of gravitational waves is up against nature.

China tackles biased awards

3 October 2017

Hepeng Jia

Do Chinese government reforms designed to thwart academic fraud go far enough?

Chatter makes popular metric unreliable: Study

29 September 2017

Ivy Shih

An analysis of a popular reputation metric concludes it relies too heavily on social interaction.

Measure for measure

26 September 2017

Aidan Byrne

COMMENT: Numbers on science and innovation do not always reflect performance. 

Funding debate over paper quality vs quantity

21 September 2017

Dyani Lewis

Researchers disagree over whether performance-based metrics adversely affect publication behaviour.

US institutions hold their own in the index

19 September 2017

Smriti Mallapaty

140 institutions in the United States have spent five consecutive years in the Nature Index top 500.

New entrants to the Nature Index

14 September 2017

Smriti Mallapaty

A few institutions in the United States, China and Germany make it into the top 500 for the first time.

Top research universities in the Nature Index

11 September 2017

Smriti Mallapaty

Harvard University holds the top academic spot for five years straight.

Predatory journals find their prey

7 September 2017

Brian Owens

Bogus journals and their victims are widespread, study finds.

Taiwan losing ground in the index

4 September 2017

Hepeng Jia

Taiwan slips to number 20 as graduates’ interest in science fades.

The long and short of US-China rivalry

31 August 2017

Smriti Mallapaty

China has the largest number of institutions that have risen up the top 500 ranks over the past five years.

Turning science into social outcomes

29 August 2017

Richard Jefferson

For innovation to bring public benefit, mapping the influence of academic papers is just the beginning.

Game changers

25 August 2017

Branwen Morgan & Annabel McGilvray

Some papers have a profound and obvious influence on future research and industry applications. Patents citing these life science papers indicate their bearing on developments which have widespread health implications.

Encouraging palaeontologists to stop hiding the bones

23 August 2017

Ivy Shih

New preprint services could bring niche scientific communities into the open.

Charting the influence of science on innovation

18 August 2017

Nicky Phillips

An analysis of the biggest industry influencers in four charts.

Japan's strategy for growth highlights innovation

15 August 2017

Ichiko Fuyuno

Collaboration with companies will become more important in the government’s science and technology strategies.

Michael Sporn: A legacy of greater knowledge

10 August 2017

Elie Dolgin

For the love of discovery, a biochemist freely shared the research which laid the groundwork for widely-used drugs.

Screening grant applications

8 August 2017

Flynn Murphy

Would you rather send a short video or a lengthy written proposal for funding? 

Beneficiaries by ballot

3 August 2017

Adrian Barnett

COMMENT: Should research funding be allocated through voting?

Japan shakes up research funding system

1 August 2017

Tim Hornyak

An overhaul of Japan’s competitive grants programme could revive the country’s international science standing.

One small step in the thawing of China-US space relations

28 July 2017

Hepeng Jia

A Beijing DNA experiment boards the International Space Station.

UK-Indonesia partnership grows out of a conversation

27 July 2017

Dyna Rochmyaningsih

An encounter between two visiting social scientists at the University of Oxford was the catalyst for a unique partnership.

Charting China's rising dominance in science

21 July 2017

Nicky Phillips

The country's research contribution is continuing to overtake other nations.

10 institutions contribute to more than 10% index output

18 July 2017

Smriti Mallapaty

A few large institutions produce the majority of articles in the index.

Transparency is a growth industry

14 July 2017

Joy Zhang

COMMENT: Fierce public debate over GM food has put pressure on Chinese researchers to engage with the public about their work. 

Psychology to the fore as social pressures mount

11 July 2017

Flynn Murphy

China's growing economy is also fueling an increased demand for psychologists in the country. 

Cutting corners a bigger problem than research fraud

5 July 2017

Anthea Lacchia

Scientists are more concerned about the impact of sloppy science than outright scientific fraud.

The value of nostalgia in a land of upheaval

30 June 2017

Flynn Murphy

Psychology is an increasingly relevant discipline as the destabilizing effects of rapid social change take hold in China.

China sets ground rules for local talent quest

28 June 2017

Hepeng Jia

Officials move to stop the widespread poaching of talented researchers in China.

Better measures needed for research cooperation

23 June 2017

Anthea Lacchia

Researchers wrestle with a measure of collaboration increasingly used to assess the impact of their work. 

Kunming's natural advantage

20 June 2017

Flynn Murphy

The region's natural and cultural bounty are making researchers worldwide take notice. 

Keeping a lid on open science

15 June 2017

Hepeng Jia

Open science has made progress in China, but there is room for improvement. 

Reading between the lines on citation value

13 June 2017

Adrian Barnett

COMMENT: Cited work often has little, if any, influence.

Global universities ranked by a different measure

8 June 2017

Ivy Shih

Find out how the top 20 institutions in the QS University Rankings 2018 measure up in the index.

US research in a state of decline

6 June 2017

Smriti Mallapaty

California, Massachusetts and New York produce the most high-quality research, but their output is in decline. 

Search for industry partners heats up in China's chemistry hotspot

2 June 2017

Peng Tian

The industrial city of Changchun is losing young researchers to more prosperous cities in the south. 

China trades science along ancient Silk Road

30 May 2017

Hepeng Jia

The ‘One Belt, One Road’ initiative will expand scientific collaborations with 64 countries in the region.

China's higher ed reforms are ambitious, but can they address systemic issues?

29 May 2017

Wang Qi

The country is casting a wider net for excellence in higher education.

A close look at China's rise

25 May 2017

Nicky Phillips

Can the country maintain its growth in high-quality science?

Young researchers preach open access, yet many don't practice

22 May 2017

Ivy Shih

Early-career researchers in the UK are less likely to choose open access over subscription journals.

Far-flung and thriving: prime time for Okinawa’s grand experiment

16 May 2017

Tim Hornyak

Japan's gambit to globalize its scientific research is paying dividends. 

Japan's plan to cultivate more entrepreneurial scientists

10 May 2017

Ian Munroe

Although government efforts to encourage innovation face significant obstacles. 

8 things scientists want from a collaboration

2 May 2017

Ivy Shih

New report identifies what can make or break a good international collaboration.

Australian funding agency announces new chief

27 April 2017

Bianca Nogrady

Former microbiologist Sue Thomas will lead the Australian Research Council from July.

Historic co-authorships speed up editor handling times

24 April 2017

Anthea Lacchia

Journal editors tend to accept manuscripts written by prior collaborators more quickly. 

Kyoto University is branching out in tough times

18 April 2017

Q&A

The university's president talks about the need for Japanese universities to stay competitive on the international stage.

How Todai is encouraging research spinoffs

11 April 2017

Ian Munroe

It was the first Japanese university to establish a venture capital firm.

Japan university reform 'unrealistic' without proper funding

7 April 2017

Atsushi Sunami

To unleash the potential of universities as engines of economic growth, further investment is necessary.

US-Uganda partnership uncovers potential culprit in mysterious nodding syndrome

4 April 2017

Linda Nordling

International team publish landmark paper on debilitating form of childhood epilepsy.

The rise and rise of a biology superstar

30 March 2017

Tim Hornyak

Nobel laureate Yoshinori Ohsumi’s persistent study of baker’s yeast spawned an exciting new field, and proves the value of supporting scientists in pursuit of their passion.

77 clinical trials, $29 million and 8 years but still no published results

28 March 2017

Adrian Barnett

Scientists reluctant to publish clinical trial results found to be a major contributor of research dollars wasted.

Japan loses share of research articles to China

24 March 2017

Nicky Phillips

Despite being among the top science nations, Japan's publication output has stalled over the past decade.

The slow decline of Japanese research in 5 charts

23 March 2017

Nicky Phillips

The country's research output is falling behind other dominant science nations.

What price will Japanese science pay for austerity?

23 March 2017

Ichiko Fuyuno

Japan’s stagnated research output corresponds with a deteriorating situation for young researchers. 

A great leap forward, but China needs more scientists

21 March 2017

Ivy Shih

OECD survey reveals the country’s science spending frenzy, noting a need for investment in innovation and invention.

UK-India research collaborations threatened by decline in student enrolments

15 March 2017

Anthea Lacchia

Years of groundwork underpins rise in research collaborations. 

Incomplete descriptions in publications wasting healthcare research

10 March 2017

Tammy Hoffmann

COMMENT: Researchers, explain yourselves

Australian funding agency turns a blind eye to evidence

7 March 2017

Adrian Barnett

COMMENT: Ignoring evidence when deciding where research funding goes will not lead to high quality research, says Adrian Barnett. 

EU funding formula revealed

27 February 2017

Anthea Lacchia

Several factors can help institutions secure one of these sought-after grants. 

China and South Korea flash the cash in R&D race

24 February 2017

Ivy Shih

G20 countries dominate global research spending and production, but the mix is changing.

US supercomputer needs more people power

22 February 2017

Ivy Shih

A large computing network that has helped design cancer drug candidates and search for extra-terrestrial life is struggling to maintain its volunteer network.

Turbulent times for scientists with the 'wrong' papers

20 February 2017

Flynn Murphy

As Donald Trump’s bid to reinstate his travel ban failed last week, three Iranian scientists speak of their fears amid the uncertainty.

Female researchers cite their own work less than men, study

14 February 2017

Flynn Murphy

Female researchers in engineering receive fewer citations, despite producing high-quality research.

Research partnership improves life for vulnerable women

9 February 2017

Linda Nordling

A social welfare programme for women at risk of HIV has built trust between this vulnerable group and scientists seeking new treatments and a cure.

Cite unseen? Then step aside

6 February 2017

Anthea Lacchia

A large number of professors in Italian universities produce no cited work. 

Bigger is better for quality research

31 January 2017

Ivy Shih

Size does matter when it comes to research performance.

Thailand's basic science grows despite limited resources

24 January 2017

Tim Hornyak

More scientists could help sustain the country's recent growth in research output.

'Millions' wasted in research approvals process

18 January 2017

Adrian Barnett

Applying for ethics approval cost Adrian Barnett's research group $348,000 in staff time, and delayed the research by six months.

How Chinese and US researchers recreated a 5000-year-old beer recipe

13 January 2017

Yanli Wang

A discovery in an ancient Chinese pot would reveal one of the oldest records of beer production.

Prominent female scientists struggle to retain their edge

11 January 2017

Anthea Lacchia

Tracking the careers of leading scientists reveals maintaining an edge is harder for women in Italy.

Success is just a bolt from the blue

5 January 2017

Adrian Barnett

Citations don't always reflect the quality or impact of a researcher's work. 

When a name is out of place

4 January 2017

Anthea Lacchia

Locating a country in the title of a scientific paper may lower its visibility.

Indonesia's 'perfect' conditions for fossil discoveries

23 December 2016

Dyna Rochmyaningsih

The country has become a renowned destination for the paleoanthropological community.

All in a name: How research paper titles can make or break

21 December 2016

Ivy Shih

Writing style and grammar can affect an article’s citations. 

My corporate experiment - a scientist learns from business

16 December 2016

Sidonia Eckle

Academics can learn a lot from the corporate world. 

Science has a problem giving credit where it’s due

12 December 2016

Smriti Mallapaty

Apportioning author credit in large collaborations is as problematic as the Nobel Prize’s rule of three.

I made my grant application public, here's why you should too

8 December 2016

Adrian Barnett

If funding applications were made under open access, science would benefit from more universal scrutiny. 

Invent now, pay later: economists urge R&D loans for businesses

6 December 2016

Myles Gough

Australia is urged to become the first country to offer businesses loans to fund research and development with repayment terms contingent on a company's future profits. 

The team of scientists finding new ways to develop drugs for kids with rare cancers

2 December 2016

Neil Savage

An encounter helped kick-start the development of new cancer drugs.

Does proximity play a role in science collaborations?

30 November 2016

Neil Savage

Proximity is just one factor driving the high number of collaborations between top performing institutes in the same city. 

Brexit uncertainty disrupting EU-UK research

29 November 2016

Mark Peplow

Uncertainty surrounding Britain’s future in EU research may be damaging science.

Innovators file record number of patent applications in China

24 November 2016

Ivy Shih

China's appetite for patents leads the world. 

Comment: A call to action for gender equality

22 November 2016

Tim Wess

It's time for the academic community to put action to words and stand up for greater gender equality. 

Partnerships between US and Chinese scientists surge

18 November 2016

Sujata Gupta

Research partnerships between the two superpowers outnumber all other international pairings.

New data reveals universities in Tokyo are highly connected

17 November 2016

Tim Hornyak

The Japanese capital is a hub of local research collaborations.

Collaboration trumps competition in city of love

17 November 2016

Barbara Casassus

Paris excels in intra-city collaborations but needs to look beyond its borders to increase research performance.

Chinese and US researchers team up to study forests in a warming world

15 November 2016

Sujata Gupta

A new program is encouraging climate change research partnerships between two research powerhouses.

International research collaborations on the rise

15 November 2016

Ivy Shih

Growth in research partnerships was most pronounced in the life sciences.

New Zealand's 'Lord of the Rings' effect a boon for science

10 November 2016

Linda Vergnani

A pragmatic and deliberate approach to research funding yields impressive results for New Zealand.

New award highlights gender imbalance among peer reviewers

7 November 2016

Ivy Shih

A new online award that recognises the contributions of highly-productive peer reviewers also highlights biases in the system that underscores scholarly publishing. 

Comment: It's time to break ranks on university assessment

4 November 2016

Adrian Barnett

Ranking systems for universities need to be re-evaluated.

University of Otago remains New Zealand's top research university for second year

31 October 2016

Bianca Nogrady

New Zealand universities are building an international reputation for high-quality research. 

UQ retains position as Australia's top research university

28 October 2016

James Mitchell Crow

There's not much separating the top three Australian universities with the highest contributions to the index in 2015.

How Australian universities spent $4.5b on research in four years

27 October 2016

Bianca Nogrady

Assessing the research performance of universities is a difficult pursuit. 

Melbourne pips Sydney as Australia's research hotspot

27 October 2016

Annabel McGilvray

Australia's two largest cities strive to attract the best researchers and produce science that makes a difference.

Research investments pay off for Australian city

25 October 2016

Bianca Nogrady

Significant state government investment along with philanthropic largesse has helped drive Brisbane's research performance.

Comment: Research needs less 'excellence', more competence

20 October 2016

Adrian Barnett

The research sector loves talking about it but is excellence best for science? 


Debate on China's super collider heats up

19 October 2016

Hepeng Jia

Proponents say the mega facility would contribute to major science breakthroughs if built.

A beacon in the bush becomes an astronomy powerhouse

13 October 2016

Linda Nordling

South Africa's University of the Western Cape has exceeded expectations. 

How should governments measure innovation?

11 October 2016

Branwen Morgan

There is a need to account for all types of innovation, from big to small. 

Measuring the impact of R&D spending

6 October 2016

Myles Gough

Does pouring money into research always translate into better outcomes?

Yoshinori Ohsumi's dogged attention to detail credited for Nobel win

4 October 2016

Tim Hornyak

The cell biologist's accolade is Japan's third consecutive Nobel Prize since 2014.

Defining national research priorities

27 September 2016

Branwen Morgan

Australia’s former chief scientist reflects on the country’s need to focus its research effort.

How to take a great idea beyond the lab

20 September 2016

Richard Middlemiss

A Scottish scientist reflects on how his team built the world's smallest gravity detector 

UN brokers partnerships to tackle tropical diseases

13 September 2016

Annabel McGilvray

A UN agency is connecting big pharma with research groups to accelerate development of treatments for diseases such as malaria.

The Nobel effect

6 September 2016

James Mitchell Crow

The illustrious prize has paid dividends for one Israeli research institute.

Turkey's geology a boon for scientists

2 September 2016

Annabel McGilvray

The country's output of earth and environment science papers is growing.

Is backing bright people a bright idea?

29 August 2016

Branwen Morgan

Whether it is better to fund researchers or their ideas is an ongoing debate.

Rising stars 2016: 10 countries to watch

26 August 2016

Nicky Phillips and Larissa Kogleck

Nature Index 2016 Rising Stars seeks to pinpoint the ascendant performers of science.

Singaporean research continues to dominate in some fields

23 August 2016

Tim Hornyak

The country has the world's highest per capita investment in science and technology

In research, time is as important as money

18 August 2016

Branwen Morgan

Do longer periods of funding lead to greater scientific returns? 

Emerging hotspots for physical sciences

16 August 2016

Tim Hornyak

Less prominent research nations are carving out a niche.

European universities rise to the challenge

11 August 2016

Mark Zastrow, James Mitchell Crow

As a continent, Europe is home to the most rising stars in the index. 

Xerox puts more skin in the printing game

9 August 2016

Tim Hornyak

The research the company is publishing in top journals.

Chilean research grows despite poor investment

5 August 2016

Tim Hornyak

Despite funding constraints, Chilean research is growing in some areas.

The right formula: chemistry the key to leaders’ research performance

3 August 2016

Mark Zastrow, James Mitchell Crow

Chemistry research was a significant driver of the performance for several institutions.

Australia's most improved research institutions

1 August 2016

James Mitchell Crow

Represented are institutions from the east and west coast.

Who are the research world's rising stars?

28 July 2016

Annabel McGilvray

Undaunted by the scientific dominance of historic global big-hitters, some of the world's less prominent research nations are carving out a niche and making a strong impact.

Rising stars: Chinese institutions lead the way

26 July 2016

Sarah O'Meara

China is a growing source of the world's top science

Rising stars: Baylor, the best medicine

25 July 2016

James Mitchell Crow, Mark Zastrow

BCM’s contribution to high-quality research rose 39% from 2012 to 2015.

Rising stars: Indian researchers have so much chemistry

22 July 2016

Annabel McGilvray

A significant rise in chemistry research makes India a Nature Index 2016 Rising Star.

Rising stars: from zero to national hero

21 July 2016

Mark Zastrow

The institutions to watch.

Tracing bloodlines for the roots of an age-old friendship

17 July 2016

Bianca Nogrady

An international team hunt for the origins of dog domestication.

Chart: China's top 10 research universities

15 July 2016

Nicky Phillips

The country's contribution to top journals continues to grow.

Saudi Arabia: making the most of local expertise

13 July 2016

Nadia El-Awady

Collaborating close to home means solving mutual problems and forging regional networks.

Swapping burgers for beans: an unusual experiment reveals another pitfall of Western diets

11 July 2016

Linda Nordling

A ground breaking colon cancer experiment that swapped the burgers-and-fries diet of African Americans with the traditional fare of rural South Africans was sparked by a chance encounter.

Not just Brexit: Spanish election brings more uncertainty for Europe

7 July 2016

Nicky Phillips

It is hard to predict how the result will impact the country's science and research landscape.

It's the microwave: how astronomers discovered source of mysterious radio signals

5 July 2016

Viviane Richter

A new detection system helped solve the mystery.

How Brexit may impact Britain's top research universities

30 June 2016

Nicky Phillips

Some UK universities may be affected more than others.

Brazil’s subsumed science sector struggles to stay afloat

28 June 2016

Anna Petherick

Deep recession and a political crisis are hobbling the country and its recent research success, but one region hangs on.

China's diaspora key to science collaborations

23 June 2016

Peng Tian

Links formed by mainland China's large scientific diaspora and its increasing output of high-quality research make it an emerging centre of international collaboration.

US a hotspot of environment research

21 June 2016

Neil Savage

Four of the top five universities producing the most earth and environment research in the index last year are in the United States. 

Top research universities in the US

17 June 2016

Nicky Phillips

It's a battle between the east and west coast.

South African research hits hard economic times

14 June 2016

Linda Nordling

Can international research funding help South Africa maintain its stellar performance in the index?

Top research universities in the UK

9 June 2016

Nicky Phillips

A new chapter in an old rivalry

Shared knowledge is key to a kingdom

6 June 2016

Nadia El-Awady

International collaboration is yielding major breakthroughs and an increase in quality output.

Canadian researchers do more with less

2 June 2016

Brian Owens

Growing participation in large international research projects may explain the drop in Canada's index performance.

Paris, a tight-knit research community

26 May 2016

Nicky Phillips

Proximity can be a strong factor in research partnerships

How researchers discovered phytoplankton are warming the Arctic

23 May 2016

Mark Zastrow

In climate modelling, one of the biggest impacts has the smallest of beginnings.

What does industry contribute to the world's best research?

19 May 2016

Nicky Phillips

The Nature Index tracks corporations who publish in top journals.

Making the most of financial might

18 May 2016

Pakinam Amer

In a troubled region, Saudi Arabia is capitalizing on its relative stability and resource wealth.

How the world's largest mosquito genome project was almost derailed

12 May 2016

Sarah O’Meara

A collaborative study included in the Nature Index required the coordinated efforts of more than 130 researchers from around the world.

Saudi Arabian research in 6 charts

10 May 2016

Nicky Phillips

Strong connections with global scientific heavy-hitters and meaningful regional and domestic collaborations have thrust Saudi Arabia into a leading position in the Arab world.

World’s oldest science network faces uneasy future

6 May 2016

Annabel McGilvray

The Russian Academy of Sciences is the country's top producer of research, but its performance is slipping.

170 years after it made medical history, this US hospital is still at the cutting edge

4 May 2016

Jennifer Hackett

Massachusetts General Hospital is the most prolific healthcare organisation publishing in top journals.

Max Planck's other legacy

2 May 2016

James Mitchell Crow

The Max Planck Society’s pursuit of knowledge over application has helped the NGO top the Nature Index ranking for non-government research organisations.

Saudi Arabia draws on new reserves

28 April 2016

Sedeer El-Showk

Saudi Arabia has a bold plan to diversify from its oil industry to create a knowledge economy.

China tops the periodic table

27 April 2016

James Mitchell Crow

National research organisations take the top three spots in the latest Nature Index chemistry research rankings.

The tech giant publishing in top journals

25 April 2016

Tim Hornyak

IBM topped the Nature Index ranking of companies publishing in leading research journals in 2015.

US leads science pack, but its grip is loosening

22 April 2016

Jennifer Hackett

When it comes to the world’s best natural science research, no nation can match the United States.

Ten institutions that dominated science in 2015

20 April 2016

Sarah O'Meara

The top 10 institutions in the Nature Index are the largest contributors to papers published in 68 leading journals in 2015

US tops global research performance

20 April 2016

Nicky Phillips

An unlikely alliance

14 April 2016

Peng Tian

More than 20 researchers at China's genomics giant BGI got their PhD in Denmark.

Brazil's Russian connection

5 April 2016

Linda Nordling

A handful of influential professors are behind research partnerships between Russia and Brazil.

How a disparate team found the world's oldest stone tools

1 April 2016

Mark Zastrow

The incredible story behind a remarkable discovery.

Q&A: Japan's road to recovery

18 March 2016

Nicky Phillips

Can Japan halt the decline?

16 March 2016

Nicky Phillips

Lessons from rising stars

16 March 2016

Nicky Phillips

"The trend transforming science" - Jonathan Adams

16 March 2016

Jonathan Adams and Tamar Loach

The small but focused snapshot of research afforded by the Nature Index helps fine-tune analysis of global scientific collaboration, say Jonathan Adams and Tamar Loach.

Chart: Move over USA, here comes China

15 March 2016

Nicky Phillips

Archive