Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)


The CSIC (Spanish National Research Council) is the largest and leading public research institution in Spain and the third in Europe due to the quality and quantity of its scientific production. It plays an essential role within the Spanish System for Science, Technology and Innovation and contributes to reinforce Spain’s position at the international level.

CSIC’s main aim is to develop and promote scientific studies to contribute to foster scientific and technological progress. CSIC's mission includes:

  1. Multidisciplinary scientific and technical research
  2. Scientific and technical advice
  3. Transferring results to the private sector
  4. Contributing to the creation of technology-driven companies
  5. Training specialised personnel
  6. Management of infrastructure and large facilities
  7. Promoting scientific culture

The CSIC is multidisciplinary, carrying out research in almost all fields of knowledge. Its activities encompass basic research all the way through to technological development.

The CSIC is present in all the autonomous regions through their centres across Spain. It comprises 120 centres spread across Spain, and is also present in Brussels and Rome. It is formed by employees with a wide range of academic qualifications and professional categories. The CSIC employs 11,000 people, of which 3.000 are researchers. In total, they represent the 6% of Spain’s R&D workforce and generate approximately the 20% of the country’s production. Likewise, the CSIC collaborates with other juridical entities such as consortia and trading companies.

For more information on job opportunities at CSIC, please check our Nature Careers Employer Profile.

CSIC retains sole responsibility for content © 2021 Spanish National Research Council.

1 September 2020 - 31 August 2021

Region: Global
Subject/journal group: All

The table to the right includes counts of all research outputs for Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) published between 1 September 2020 - 31 August 2021 which are tracked by the Nature Index.

Hover over the donut graph to view the FC output for each subject. Below, the same research outputs are grouped by subject. Click on the subject to drill-down into a list of articles organized by journal, and then by title.

Note: Articles may be assigned to more than one subject area.

Count Share
1153 210.05

Outputs by subject (Share)

Subject Count Share
Physical Sciences 523 82.35
17 3.81
11 1.36
8 0.52
12 5.39
23 9.17
63 7.19
153 23.05
14 1.09
18 3.19
9 0.66
37 6.76
1 0.03
2 0.10
3 0.06
2 0.07
6 1.06
8 1.02
61 8.17
4 0.79
8 2.13
7 0.86
Nontopological zero-bias peaks in full-shell nanowires induced by flux-tunable Andreev states
3D genomics across the tree of life reveals condensin II as a determinant of architecture type
A nearby transiting rocky exoplanet that is suitable for atmospheric investigation
The exploitative segregation of plant roots
Variations in color and reflectance on the surface of asteroid (101955) Bennu
Global quieting of high-frequency seismic noise due to COVID-19 pandemic lockdown measures
The impact of sex on gene expression across human tissues
10 0.99
46 4.90
Chemistry 254 56.84
Life Sciences 368 65.03
Earth & Environmental Sciences 143 25.84

Highlight of the month

Ingredient for life seeded by interstellar space?

© Javier Zayas Photography/Moment/Getty Images

© Javier Zayas Photography/Moment/Getty Images

A molecule that may have been key to the emergence of life on Earth could have come from interstellar space by hitching a lift on meteorites.

The emergence of life required a molecular method of encoding and replicating genetic information. It also needed a membrane-like material to enclose and protect the genetic material.

All cell membranes today are formed from a bilayer of phospholipids, which consist of a hydrophilic headgroup and two hydrophobic tails. The simplest phospholipids incorporate the molecule ethanolamine in their headgroup.

Now, a team led by researchers at the Spanish National Research Council has shown that ethanolamine can form in interstellar space. By analysing radio telescope data, the team detected ethanolamine in an interstellar molecular cloud.

As ethanolamine has previously been detected in meteoritic material, the molecule may have been delivered to early Earth by meteorites. It could thus have been available for the formation of the first cellular membranes.

Supported content

  1. PNAS 118, e2101314118 (2021). doi: 10.1073/pnas.2101314118

View the article on the Nature Index

See more research highlights from Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

More research highlights from Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

1 September 2020 - 31 August 2021

International vs. domestic collaboration by Share

  • 41.35% Domestic
  • 58.65% International

Note: Hover over the graph to view the percentage of collaboration.

Top 10 domestic collaborators by Share (348 total)

  • Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain
  • Domestic institution
  1. Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain (69.85)
  2. Institute for Theoretical Physics (IFT), Spain (49.10)
  3. Institute for Corpuscular Physics (IFIC), Spain (46.34)
  4. University of Valencia (UV), Spain (44.79)
  5. University of Barcelona (UB), Spain (34.04)
  6. University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain (32.95)
  7. Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain (28.02)
  8. Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain (25.53)
  9. University of Seville (US), Spain (23.07)
  10. Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain (22.45)

Note: Collaboration is determined by the fractional count (Share), which is listed in parentheses.

Affiliated joint institutions and consortia

Return to institution outputs