Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)


The CSIC (Spanish National Research Council) is the largest and leading public research institution in Spain and the third in Europe due to the quality and quantity of its scientific production. It plays an essential role within the Spanish System for Science, Technology and Innovation and contributes to reinforce Spain’s position at the international level.

CSIC’s main aim is to develop and promote scientific studies to contribute to foster scientific and technological progress. CSIC's mission includes: 1) multidisciplinary scientific and technical research; 2) scientific and technical advice; 3) transferring results to the private sector; 4) contributing to the creation of technology-driven companies; 5) training specialised personnel; 6) management of infrastructure and large facilities; 7) promoting scientific culture. The CSIC is multidisciplinary, carrying out research in almost all fields of knowledge. Its activities encompass basic research all the way through to technological development.

The CSIC is present in all the autonomous regions through their centres across Spain. It comprises 120 centres spread across Spain, and is also present in Brussels and Rome. It is formed by employees with a wide range of academic qualifications and professional categories. The CSIC employs 11,000 people, of which 3.000 are researchers. In total, they represent the 6% of Spain’s R&D workforce and generate approximately the 20% of the country’s production. Likewise, the CSIC collaborates with other juridical entities such as consortia and trading companies.

1 November 2017 - 31 October 2018

Region: Global
Subject/journal group: All

The table to the right includes counts of all research outputs for Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) published between 1 November 2017 - 31 October 2018 which are tracked by the Nature Index.

Hover over the donut graph to view the FC output for each subject. Below, the same research outputs are grouped by subject. Click on the subject to drill-down into a list of articles organized by journal, and then by title.

Note: Articles may be assigned to more than one subject area.

1060 200.58

Outputs by subject (FC)

Subject AC FC
Physical Sciences 550 85.99
Life Sciences 286 52.63
3 0.07
1 0.27
5 1.09
3 0.52
1 0.02
2 0.17
2 0.31
14 2.76
3 1.15
6 1.72
1 0.21
2 0.03
1 0
13 3.03
Characterization of the catalytic flexible loop in the dihydroorotase domain of the human multi-enzymatic protein CAD
Mechanism of action of the viral chemokine binding protein E163 from ectromelia virus
Conjugation inhibitors compete with palmitic acid for binding to the conjugative traffic ATPase TrwD, providing a mechanism to inhibit bacterial conjugation
A biochemical and genetic discovery pipeline identifies PLCδ4b as a non-receptor activator of heterotrimeric G proteins
Interaction of the α7-nicotinic subunit with its human-specific duplicated dupα7 isoform in mammalian cells: Relevance in human inflammatory responses
Template-primer binding affinity and RNase H cleavage specificity contribute to the strand transfer efficiency of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase
The cardiac ryanodine receptor, but not sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase, is a major determinant of Ca2+ alternans in intact mouse hearts
Loading of malonyl-CoA onto tandem acyl carrier protein domains of polyunsaturated fatty acid synthases
The cohesin module is a major determinant of cellulosome mechanical stability
Site-specificO-glycosylation of members of the low-density lipoprotein receptor superfamily enhances ligand interactions
Fungal lignin peroxidase does not produce the veratryl alcohol cation radical as a diffusible ligninolytic oxidant
Amino Acid Residues in HIV-2 Reverse Transcriptase That Restrict the Development of Nucleoside Analogue Resistance Through the Excision Pathway
Stabilization of the gp120 V3 loop through hydrophobic interactions reduces the immunodominant V3-directed non-neutralizing response to HIV-1 envelope trimers
4 0.98
3 0.42
2 0.42
10 2.27
6 1.51
9 0.27
5 0.29
2 0.56
57 9.52
4 0.35
4 0.09
1 0.04
1 0.21
4 0.17
6 1.11
16 4.81
40 8.96
7 1.08
10 0.49
5 0.46
1 0.04
5 1.35
10 1.86
2 0.33
15 3.68
Earth & Environmental Sciences 94 22.43
Chemistry 224 58.83

Highlight of the month

Deep-sea corals face acidification

© A. Martin UW Photography/Getty

© A. Martin UW Photography/Getty

The acidification of the North Atlantic Ocean could endanger deep-water corals within 30 years.

The world’s oceans have absorbed around 30% of the carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere since the Industrial Revolution. This has reduced levels of a calcium carbonate called aragonite, from which many corals build their tough outer layer.

A team that included researchers from the Spanish National Research Council used global observations of marine carbon dioxide between 2002 and 2016 to calculate the changing depth of the aragonite saturation horizon (ASH), above which corals can survive.

The ASH has risen by almost 15 metres each year in parts of the North Atlantic, and the researchers predict that it could ascend from its current 2,000 metres to 1,500 metres within three decades if carbon emissions continue to rise unchecked. The plight of corals below this depth will be worsened by acidified waters descending on deep-ocean currents.

The loss of cold-water corals could endanger many marine creatures that use these protective ecosystems as breeding grounds.

Supported content

  1. Nature 554, 515–518 (2018). doi: 10.1038/nature25493

View the article on the Nature Index

See more research highlights from Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

More research highlights from Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

1 November 2017 - 31 October 2018

International vs. domestic collaboration by FC

  • 30.53% Domestic
  • 69.47% International

Note: Hover over the graph to view the percentage of collaboration.

Top 10 domestic collaborators by FC (190 total)

  • Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain
  • Domestic institution
  1. Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain (61.04)
  2. University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain (31.20)
  3. University of Valencia (UV), Spain (30.52)
  4. University of Barcelona (UB), Spain (27.85)
  5. University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain (23.55)
  6. Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain (19.92)
  7. Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain (19.42)
  8. Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain (18.99)
  9. Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain (18.62)
  10. University of Seville (US), Spain (18.21)

Note: Collaboration is determined by the fractional count (FC), which is listed in parentheses.

Affiliated joint institutions and consortia

Return to institution outputs