Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)


The CSIC (Spanish National Research Council) is the largest and leading public research institution in Spain and the third in Europe due to the quality and quantity of its scientific production. It plays an essential role within the Spanish System for Science, Technology and Innovation and contributes to reinforce Spain’s position at the international level.

CSIC’s main aim is to develop and promote scientific studies to contribute to foster scientific and technological progress. CSIC's mission includes: 1) multidisciplinary scientific and technical research; 2) scientific and technical advice; 3) transferring results to the private sector; 4) contributing to the creation of technology-driven companies; 5) training specialised personnel; 6) management of infrastructure and large facilities; 7) promoting scientific culture. The CSIC is multidisciplinary, carrying out research in almost all fields of knowledge. Its activities encompass basic research all the way through to technological development.

The CSIC is present in all the autonomous regions through their centres across Spain. It comprises 120 centres spread across Spain, and is also present in Brussels and Rome. It is formed by employees with a wide range of academic qualifications and professional categories. The CSIC employs 11,000 people, of which 3.000 are researchers. In total, they represent the 6% of Spain’s R&D workforce and generate approximately the 20% of the country’s production. Likewise, the CSIC collaborates with other juridical entities such as consortia and trading companies.

1 August 2018 - 31 July 2019

Region: Global
Subject/journal group: All

The table to the right includes counts of all research outputs for Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) published between 1 August 2018 - 31 July 2019 which are tracked by the Nature Index.

Hover over the donut graph to view the FC output for each subject. Below, the same research outputs are grouped by subject. Click on the subject to drill-down into a list of articles organized by journal, and then by title.

Note: Articles may be assigned to more than one subject area.

1109 182.78

Outputs by subject (FC)

Subject AC FC
Earth & Environmental Sciences 107 21.66
2 0.46
5 1.24
12 3.97
6 2.18
3 1
17 4.18
6 1.83
1 0.25
1 0
6 0.19
2 0.03
17 2.02
Recent trend reversal for declining European seagrass meadows
Adaptive responses of animals to climate change are most likely insufficient
Global analysis reveals climatic controls on the oxygen isotope composition of cave drip water
Functional traits and phenotypic plasticity modulate species coexistence across contrasting climatic conditions
Limited capacity of tree growth to mitigate the global greenhouse effect under predicted warming
Climate policy implications of nonlinear decline of Arctic land permafrost and other cryosphere elements
Meta-analysis reveals that pollinator functional diversity and abundance enhance crop pollination and yield
Role of carbonate burial in Blue Carbon budgets
State-of-the-art global models underestimate impacts from climate extremes
Ecosystem structural changes controlled by altered rainfall climatology in tropical savannas
Ocean temperature impact on ice shelf extent in the eastern Antarctic Peninsula
Energetic equivalence underpins the size structure of tree and phytoplankton communities
Emerging negative impact of warming on summer carbon uptake in northern ecosystems
Organic bromine compounds produced in sea ice in Antarctic winter
Photoreduction of gaseous oxidized mercury changes global atmospheric mercury speciation, transport and deposition
Stability and nature of the volume collapse of ε-FeO under extreme conditions
Enhanced climate instability in the North Atlantic and southern Europe during the Last Interglacial
6 0.88
8 1.29
3 0.09
3 0.72
9 1.34
Physical Sciences 565 74.42
Life Sciences 306 50.82
Chemistry 245 55.44

Highlight of the month

Monitoring brain waves of the slow variety



Ultraslow brain activity can now be monitored using newly developed microtransistors made of graphene.

Most studies of brain activity have used metal electrodes to detect brain signals. Such electrodes filter out slow signals — this wasn’t considered a problem since slow signals were seen as unwanted noise. But recently slow brain signals have increasingly been seen as containing useful information, which may be particularly relevant for conditions such as sleep disorders, strokes and migraines.

Now, a team led by researchers at the Spanish National Research Council has developed graphene microtransistors that can monitor brain activity that occurs of time scales of tens of seconds by actively amplifying brain signals in situ.

The researchers demonstrated their microtransistors by using them to monitor massive pathologic waves, which have been dubbed brain tsunamis, in rats. These waves travel at speeds of a few millimetres per minute through the brain.

Supported content

  1. Nature Materials 18, 280–288 (2019). doi: 10.1038/s41563-018-0249-4

View the article on the Nature Index

See more research highlights from Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

More research highlights from Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

1 August 2018 - 31 July 2019

International vs. domestic collaboration by FC

  • 28.78% Domestic
  • 71.22% International

Note: Hover over the graph to view the percentage of collaboration.

Note: Collaboration is determined by the fractional count (FC), which is listed in parentheses.

Affiliated joint institutions and consortia

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