Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)


The CSIC (Spanish National Research Council) is the largest and leading public research institution in Spain and the third in Europe due to the quality and quantity of its scientific production. It plays an essential role within the Spanish System for Science, Technology and Innovation and contributes to reinforce Spain’s position at the international level.

CSIC’s main aim is to develop and promote scientific studies to contribute to foster scientific and technological progress. CSIC's mission includes:

  1. Multidisciplinary scientific and technical research
  2. Scientific and technical advice
  3. Transferring results to the private sector
  4. Contributing to the creation of technology-driven companies
  5. Training specialised personnel
  6. Management of infrastructure and large facilities
  7. Promoting scientific culture

The CSIC is multidisciplinary, carrying out research in almost all fields of knowledge. Its activities encompass basic research all the way through to technological development.

The CSIC is present in all the autonomous regions through their centres across Spain. It comprises 120 centres spread across Spain, and is also present in Brussels and Rome. It is formed by employees with a wide range of academic qualifications and professional categories. The CSIC employs 11,000 people, of which 3.000 are researchers. In total, they represent the 6% of Spain’s R&D workforce and generate approximately the 20% of the country’s production. Likewise, the CSIC collaborates with other juridical entities such as consortia and trading companies.

For more information on job opportunities at CSIC, please check our Nature Careers Employer Profile.

CSIC retains sole responsibility for content © 2021 Spanish National Research Council.

1 April 2020 - 31 March 2021

Region: Global
Subject/journal group: All

The table to the right includes counts of all research outputs for Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) published between 1 April 2020 - 31 March 2021 which are tracked by the Nature Index.

Note: Articles may be assigned to more than one subject area.

Count Share
1279 230.85

Highlight of the month

Pandemic progression predictable as a range of probabilities

© Brandon Colbert Photography/Moment/Getty Images

© Brandon Colbert Photography/Moment/Getty Images

The evolution of an expanding epidemic is as unpredictable as next week’s weather.

Many models have been used to try to predict the progression of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, reliable predictions proved unachievable.

A team that included researchers from the Spanish National Research Council has demonstrated that, while models for the spread of infectious diseases can provide accurate short-term predictions, their predictions inevitably grow more inaccurate with time due to small uncertainties in the initial parameters.

The team illustrated this by using a model to predict the spread of COVID-19 in Spain. It accurately replicated the disease’s spread throughout March 2020 but flopped when predicting its subsequent evolution.

Testing their model with made-up observations, the team found that small initial variations were amplified into ever greater uncertainties over time.

The researchers note that this high sensitivity to parameter values will mean that future predictions will only be meaningful within narrow time windows and in probabilistic terms, similar to weather forecasts.

Supported content

  1. PNAS 117, 26190–26196 (2020). doi: 10.1073/pnas.2007868117

View the article on the Nature Index

See more research highlights from Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

More research highlights from Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

1 April 2020 - 31 March 2021

International vs. domestic collaboration by Share

  • 42.09% Domestic
  • 57.91% International

Note: Hover over the graph to view the percentage of collaboration.

Top 10 domestic collaborators by Share (325 total)

  • Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain
  • Domestic institution
  1. Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain (68.39)
  2. Institute for Corpuscular Physics (IFIC), Spain (59.16)
  3. University of Valencia (UV), Spain (55.49)
  4. Institute for Theoretical Physics (IFT), Spain (47.92)
  5. University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain (42.75)
  6. University of Barcelona (UB), Spain (38.50)
  7. Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain (33.63)
  8. Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain (28.39)
  9. University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain (26.80)
  10. Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain (23.91)

Note: Collaboration is determined by the fractional count (Share), which is listed in parentheses.

Affiliated joint institutions and consortia

Return to institution outputs