Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)


The CSIC (Spanish National Research Council) is the largest and leading public research institution in Spain and the third in Europe due to the quality and quantity of its scientific production. It plays an essential role within the Spanish System for Science, Technology and Innovation and contributes to reinforce Spain’s position at the international level.

CSIC’s main aim is to develop and promote scientific studies to contribute to foster scientific and technological progress. CSIC's mission includes: 1) multidisciplinary scientific and technical research; 2) scientific and technical advice; 3) transferring results to the private sector; 4) contributing to the creation of technology-driven companies; 5) training specialised personnel; 6) management of infrastructure and large facilities; 7) promoting scientific culture. The CSIC is multidisciplinary, carrying out research in almost all fields of knowledge. Its activities encompass basic research all the way through to technological development.

The CSIC is present in all the autonomous regions through their centres across Spain. It comprises 120 centres spread across Spain, and is also present in Brussels and Rome. It is formed by employees with a wide range of academic qualifications and professional categories. The CSIC employs 11,000 people, of which 3.000 are researchers. In total, they represent the 6% of Spain’s R&D workforce and generate approximately the 20% of the country’s production. Likewise, the CSIC collaborates with other juridical entities such as consortia and trading companies.

1 June 2019 - 31 May 2020

Region: Global
Subject/journal group: All

The table to the right includes counts of all research outputs for Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) published between 1 June 2019 - 31 May 2020 which are tracked by the Nature Index.

Hover over the donut graph to view the FC output for each subject. Below, the same research outputs are grouped by subject. Click on the subject to drill-down into a list of articles organized by journal, and then by title.

Note: Articles may be assigned to more than one subject area.

Count Share
1181 207.74

Outputs by subject (Share)

Subject Count Share
Earth & Environmental Sciences 147 32.07
Physical Sciences 558 80.85
Life Sciences 349 61
Chemistry 255 59.47

Highlight of the month

Buckling measured in a ‘flat’ atomic sheet



The three-dimensional buckling in the atomic structure of a sheet of silicon atoms known as silicene — the silicon equivalent of graphene — has been determined with a precision never achieved before.

Many elements form sheets that are just one atom thick. The most well-known example is graphene, which is a sheet of carbon atoms. While graphene is completely flat, other sheets have a buckled structure on the atomic level, which affects their electronic properties.

Now, a team led by a researcher from the Spanish National Research Council has used atomic force microscopy to measure this buckling in silicene to a sub-angstrom level.

This will allow researchers to investigate how the sheet structure is related to the electronic properties and could allow them to achieve exotic electronic properties by applying strain to the sheet.

The method can also be used to analyze other two-dimensional materials.

Supported content

  1. PNAS 117, 228-237 (2020). doi: 10.1073/pnas.1913489117

View the article on the Nature Index

See more research highlights from Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

More research highlights from Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

1 June 2019 - 31 May 2020

International vs. domestic collaboration by Share

  • 27.95% Domestic
  • 72.05% International

Note: Hover over the graph to view the percentage of collaboration.

Top 10 domestic collaborators by Share (241 total)

  • Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain
  • Domestic institution
  1. Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain (64.11)
  2. University of Valencia (UV), Spain (44.14)
  3. University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain (32.76)
  4. University of Barcelona (UB), Spain (32.33)
  5. Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain (22.37)
  6. Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain (21.82)
  7. Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain (19.69)
  8. Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain (18.88)
  9. University of Seville (US), Spain (17.12)
  10. University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain (16.73)

Note: Collaboration is determined by the fractional count (Share), which is listed in parentheses.

Affiliated joint institutions and consortia

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