Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)
한국과학기술원

South Korea

KAIST has connotations of academic excellence, innovation and entrepreneurship, but also the launch of large-scale projects. The university often ranks highly among other universities of a similar age.

KAIST was established in February 1971 as Korea Advanced Institute of Science, with a loan given by United States Agency for International Development. The university aimed not only to educate young researchers in science and engineering, but also to provide a solid basis for the development of future higher education institutions in Korea.

Its structure was created by an international team, which included the American electrical engineer and vice-president of Stanford University Frederick Emmons Terman. Unlike other public institutions in South Korea, KAIST has freedom to decide upon its entry requirements and course structure, which gives the university a special status.

Today, KAIST has a rich academic portfolio in disciplines such as physics, mathematics, engineering, humanities and social sciences, business and management. The courses are delivered by 5 colleges and 6 schools, with over 33 divisions. KAIST's unique institutes include the National NanoFab Center, which conducts research into nano-devices and their potential applications.

KAIST consists of 2 major campuses situated in Daejeon and South Korea's capital Seoul. They offer over 25 dormitories, 4 libraries and a medical centre. To ensure students are actively engaged in the campus cultural events, the university organises traditional opera and jazz recitals.

KAIST retains sole responsibility for content © 2017 KAIST.

1 November 2018 - 31 October 2019

Region: Global
Subject/journal group: All

The table to the right includes counts of all research outputs for Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) published between 1 November 2018 - 31 October 2019 which are tracked by the Nature Index.

Hover over the donut graph to view the FC output for each subject. Below, the same research outputs are grouped by subject. Click on the subject to drill-down into a list of articles organized by journal, and then by title.

Note: Articles may be assigned to more than one subject area.

Count Share
342 147.81

Outputs by subject (Share)

Subject Count Share
Physical Sciences 201 90.82
Life Sciences 56 19.57
Chemistry 145 63.43
13 7.11
5 2.64
12 5.69
14 6.22
8 3.45
3 1.31
23 7.81
5 3.42
12 6.52
2 0.20
3 1.33
1 0.16
21 8.47
2 0.32
1 0.67
10 4.89
3 0.44
2 0.92
5 1.86
Earth & Environmental Sciences 4 2.11

Highlight of the month

Early genomic changes can spur cancer decades later

© KATERYNA KON/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty

© KATERYNA KON/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty

Cancer-causing fusions between genes often arise early in life and can trigger lung cancer many decades later, even among people who never smoke.

A team co-led by researchers from the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) sequenced the DNA of lung tumors from 138 patients.

Among smokers, they found that the genomes were full of simple DNA substitutions, insertions and deletions, most of which were acquired in later life.

In contrast, among non-smokers they observed complex genomic rearrangements, most of which had originated in childhood or adolescence and sat dormant for several decades until further mutations accumulated to prompt cancer progression.

These instigating gene fusions may be therapeutically targetable to prevent or treat lung cancer in non-smokers. They might also be more widespread in the body and underpin other types of cancer, a possibility that the KAIST team is now exploring.

Supported content

  1. Cell 177, 1842–1857 (2019). doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2019.05.013

View the article on the Nature Index

See more research highlights from Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)

More research highlights from Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)

1 November 2018 - 31 October 2019

International vs. domestic collaboration by Share

  • 50.64% Domestic
  • 49.36% International

Note: Hover over the graph to view the percentage of collaboration.

Note: Collaboration is determined by the fractional count (Share), which is listed in parentheses.

Affiliated joint institutions and consortia

Return to institution outputs