PLANTING THE SEEDS FOR FUTURE GROWTH
Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU) is one of China’s oldest schools of modern agriculture. With roots in the Hupeh Agricultural College, founded in 1898, it marked the beginning of China’s forays into higher education in agriculture and has been a leader in the field for 120 years.
Today’s HZAU brings together the Hubei Agricultural College, the agricultural school of Wuhan University, as well as the relevant departments of agricultural schools from six other comprehensive universities, which were merged in 1952 to form the Huazhong Agricultural College. This was renamed Huazhong Agricultural University in 1985. HZAU was rated a national key university in 1979, under the administration of the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture. In 2005, five years after it came under the auspices of the Ministry of Education (MOE), the university was selected for Project 211, a programme for National Key Universities aimed at boosting research capacities of major Chinese universities.
HZAU strives for national prosperity and rejuvenation, as well as the advancement of human civilization. It is devoted to cultivating talent, exploring truth, and building cultural cohesion. With a vision of creating a world-renowned, research-intensive university with first-class disciplinary programmes and unique strengths, HZAU is committed to serving the economic and social development needs of China as a whole, with a focus on agriculture, rural areas, and farmers.
HZAU has distinctive disciplinary strengths. According to data from the Essential Science Indicators (ESI), HZAU’s plant and animal science discipline was listed among the global top 0.1%, and its agricultural science, chemistry, biology and biochemistry, molecular biology and genetics, microbiology, and environmental science/ecology subjects were listed among the global top 1% as of September 2017. It has five discipline clusters — biology, horticulture/crop science, animal science, veterinary medicine, and agricultural/forestry economic management selected to be part of the national ‘Double First-Class’ initiative, which aims to build world-class universities and disciplines in China, ranking the 21st among domestic universities. HZAU also has seven grade-A disciplines in a national evaluation, ranking the 19th among national universities.
The research specialisms of HZAU are evident in a series of globally recognized breakthroughs in crop breeding and animal breeding. Examples include: the development of rapeseed hybrid varieties with high yields and quick growth; functional characterization of rice genomes, which led to a ‘super green rice’ variety with improved disease resistance, grain quality and yields; the development of high-quality citrus varieties; microtuber production of potatoes with improved field performance; the creation of animal vaccines and diagnostic kits; and the use of new breeding systems for leaner swine breeds.
In 2017, the National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement at HZAU was rated an excellent national key laboratory, the only one receiving the honour for five consecutive years among universities under the MOE. Its State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology was rated a good national laboratory.
HZAU has also established a comprehensive education system. Its 18 schools cover a range of multi-disciplinary areas, offering 60 undergraduate programmes, 27 master’s and 15 doctoral degree programmes. Thirteen postdoctoral programmes aim to produce innovative, independent researchers. In its education programmes, HZAU integrates teaching theory with practice, as it follows an educational philosophy that promotes intelligence and hard work.
By nurturing talent and showing a respect for strong scholarship, HZAU adheres to its motto of “learn and practice, achieve and help achieve”. HZAU people are modest, down-to-earth, and do not blindly follow trends. They hold onto a century-old culture based on solidarity, thrift, honesty, and diligence. Today, by integrating biotechnology with agricultural sciences and seeking to develop both, HZAU aims to drive the sustainable development of agriculture and produce talented leaders with innovative minds. It is diligently planting the seeds for future growth.
Huazhong Agricultural University's Custom Publishing on Nature: You can find more information on Planting the seeds for future growth: 120 year anniversary of Huazhong Agricultural University.
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1 December 2017 - 30 November 2018
Subject/journal group: All
The table to the right includes counts of all research outputs for Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU) published between 1 December 2017 - 30 November 2018 which are tracked by the Nature Index.
Hover over the donut graph to view the FC output for each subject. Below, the same research outputs are grouped by subject. Click on the subject to drill-down into a list of articles organized by journal, and then by title.
Note: Articles may be assigned to more than one subject area.
Outputs by subject (FC)
|Earth & Environmental Sciences||22||9.17|
Highlight of the month
Genes reveal the secrets of duck breeding
© By Eve Livesey/Getty
The mutations responsible for the white down feathers and larger bodies of the Pekin duck, an elite breed, have been identified, shedding light on how this breed was improved during domestication.
A team led by researchers at the Huazhong Agricultural University compared the genomes of 40 mallards, 36 indigenous Chinese ducks and 30 Pekin ducks.
Their analysis revealed that Pekin ducks had undergone two stages of selection during their breeding. The genomes carry evidence of a selective sweep that occurred during the domestication of indigenous breeds from mallards as well as a second selective sweep as breeders improved indigenous breeds to produce Pekin ducks.
Further analysis uncovered two genes linked with key traits of Pekin ducks—their white down feathers and their greater body size and feed efficiency.
These findings improve our understanding of what happens during domestication.
- Nature Communications 9, 2648 (2018). doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-04868-4
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2 Apr 2019
28 Feb 2019
Top articles by Altmetric score in current window
1 December 2017 - 30 November 2018
International vs. domestic collaboration by FC
- 58.43% Domestic
- 41.57% International
Note: Hover over the graph to view the percentage of collaboration.
Top 10 domestic collaborators by FC (87 total)
- Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China
- Domestic institution
Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China
China Agricultural University (CAU), China
Wuhan University (WHU), China
Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China
Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China
Yangtze University (YU), China
China Ministry of Water Resources (MWR), China
Hunan University of Arts and Science (HUAS), China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China
Top 10 international collaborators by FC (196 total)
- Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China
- Foreign institution
Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands
The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA)
Curtin University, Australia
University of Münster (WWU), Germany
The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK)
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA)
University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA)
University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA)
Leipzig University, Germany
USDA Plant Gene Expression Center (PGEC), United States of America (USA)
Note: Collaboration is determined by the fractional count (FC), which is listed in parentheses.
Affiliated joint institutions and consortia
- Australia-China Research Centre for Crop Improvement (ACRCCI), Australia
- Brassica Rapa Genome Sequencing Project Consortium (BrGSP), United Kingdom (UK)
- Cooperative Innovation Center for Sustainable Pig Production (CICSPP), China
- Coordinated Crop Biology Research Center (CBRC), China
- National Center of Plant Gene Research (NCPGR-Wuhan), China
- Wuhan Institute of Biotechnology, China
Numerical information only is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.