Curtin University

Australia

Curtin University is Australia’s most collaborative higher education provider and a prominent name in the Nature Index. Established in 1986 in Western Australia, a state rich in land, minerals and biodiversity, the university has campuses across Australia, Malaysia, Singapore, Dubai and Mauritius. It leads major international projects in astronomy, sustainability and interconnec-tivity, with a particular focus on solving real-world problems.

Curtin is renowned for minerals and energy research. Groups from across the university undertake fundamental and applied research into mining, materials, fuel technologies and mineral economics.

Curtin is a key partner in the world’s biggest astronomy projects. The Curtin-led Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) is a low-frequency radio telescope capable of reaching deep into space and far back through time, making the night sky visible with better resolution than ever before. The array is a precursor project to an even larger telescope, the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), to be built in Western Australia and in South Africa. When completed, the SKA will give scientists a better understanding of the nascent Universe.

Fast and effective communication is a major challenge for large data-intensive projects like the MWA. Together with the Cisco Internet of Everything Innovation Centre, a partnership between Cisco, Curtin University and Woodside Energy, Curtin is constructing a direct data-transmission line from the radio telescope’s remote location to central Perth. The partners are also building a long-range, low-power network of sensors that can provide farmers with essential information for improved crop management.

Agriculture and sustainable development are critical research programmes for Curtin University. In April 2016, Curtin joined an initiative to establish the world’s first zero-carbon solar-powered neighbourhood.

Committed to urban renewal, the university’s Greater Curtin Master Plan will transform its 114-hectare Perth campus into a major Asia-Pacific innovation precinct by 2030. The plan will drive collaboration and commercialisation, positioning Western Australia at the forefront of the knowledge economy.

As Curtin heads towards 2020, we will position ourselves as a leading global university. For more information on our Strategic Plan for 2017-2020, please visit our website.

Curtin University retains sole responsibility for content © 2016 Curtin University.

1 August 2017 - 31 July 2018

Region: Global
Subject/journal group: All

The table to the right includes counts of all research outputs for Curtin University published between 1 August 2017 - 31 July 2018 which are tracked by the Nature Index.

Hover over the donut graph to view the FC output for each subject. Below, the same research outputs are grouped by subject. Click on the subject to drill-down into a list of articles organized by journal, and then by title.

Note: Articles may be assigned to more than one subject area.

AC FC
118 27.24

Outputs by subject (FC)

Subject AC FC
Earth & Environmental Sciences 45 14.19
Physical Sciences 46 6.52
Chemistry 18 6.62
Life Sciences 20 2.21

Highlight of the month

The crusty history of Mars

© JUAN GAERTNER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty

© JUAN GAERTNER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty

Mars may have been capable of supporting life 100 million years before Earth became inhabitable, thanks to its rapidly forming crust.

The last part of a planet to form is its hard, outer shell, but the timing of this formation process is hard to ascertain. A team including researchers from Curtin University studied the chemical properties of minerals called zircons, from several Martian meteorites, to uncover the early history of Mars. 

They found that an early crust developed from an ocean of molten rock no later than 4,547 million years ago, just 20 million years after the birth of the Solar System. It was partially melted again, possibly by asteroid bombardment, then cooled and solidified 70 million years later. By then, gases released by the molten rock, such as water vapour and carbon dioxide, would have formed a thin atmosphere. This was around 100 million years before Earth got its crust, suggesting that Mars could have had a head-start on hosting life.

The findings support models of fast planet formation in our Solar System.

Supported content

  1. Nature 558, 586-591 (2018). doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0222-z

View the article on the Nature Index

See more research highlights from Curtin University

More research highlights from Curtin University

1 August 2017 - 31 July 2018

International vs. domestic collaboration by FC

  • 28.86% Domestic
  • 71.14% International

Note: Hover over the graph to view the percentage of collaboration.

Note: Collaboration is determined by the fractional count (FC), which is listed in parentheses.

Affiliated joint institutions and consortia

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