University of Cape Town (UCT)
Universiteit van Kaapstad

South Africa

Research Highlights and Innovations 2019-2020

Research Highlights and Innovations 2019-2020

The University of Cape Town’s (UCT) geographical vantage point at the tip of Africa offers an exhilarating research environment that combines excellence with impact.

As a leading research university, UCT is one of the best places in the world to research Africa-specific problems, from the chemistry of malarial drug discovery to the development of urban Africa. We have strong collaborative networks across the globe and often form a nexus of partnerships between researchers in the global north and global south, particularly Africa. UCT is the first university in Africa to join the International Alliance of Research Universities. It is therefore not surprising that we attract researchers — from postgraduates and postdoctoral fellows to leaders in their field — from all over the continent and the world.

Healthcare for Africa

In a country that faces four epidemics, where most countries only have one or two, UCT has developed expertise in addressing healthcare in Africa. The Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine and the Drug Discovery and Development Centre have produced ground-breaking research, particularly in the areas of HIV, TB and malaria. The Wellcome Centre for Infectious Diseases Research in Africa is the first of its kind in Africa.

Climate and development

UCT has extensive interdisciplinary expertise in conservation, climate adaptation and community conflict. The AXA Research Fund awarded its first research chair in Africa to the director of the African Climate & Development Initiative, a leading research group. The Future Water Institute builds on UCT’s substantial research footprint in water and encompasses the skills and resources of departments across six faculties. UCT also hosts two Centres of Excellence under the African Research Universities Alliance, which draw together expertise from across the continent: the African Centre of Excellence for Inequalities Research and the Centre of Excellence in Climate and Development.

Experts in the southern skies

Through its global experts in the field, such as Professor George Ellis who co-wrote The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time with Stephen Hawking, and leading role in the Square Kilometre Array, UCT is a growing hub for astronomical and astrophysics research in Africa. Professor Russ Taylor is heading up the university’s involvement in the Square Kilometre Array project and the big-data challenges it brings.

UCT’s latest research

UCT’s research magazine, Research Highlights and Innovations 2019-2020, features research stories from across the university, as does its research and innovation news site.

University of Cape Town retains sole responsibility for content © 2021 University of Cape Town.

1 July 2020 - 30 June 2021

Region: Global
Subject/journal group: All

The table to the right includes counts of all research outputs for University of Cape Town (UCT) published between 1 July 2020 - 30 June 2021 which are tracked by the Nature Index.

Hover over the donut graph to view the FC output for each subject. Below, the same research outputs are grouped by subject. Click on the subject to drill-down into a list of articles organized by journal, and then by title.

Note: Articles may be assigned to more than one subject area.

Count Share
157 20.86

Outputs by subject (Share)

Subject Count Share
Physical Sciences 70 4.08
Earth & Environmental Sciences 27 6.96
Life Sciences 68 9.27
Chemistry 8 2.98

Highlight of the month

Hard evidence of mineral recycling deep in the Earth

© Bloomberg Creative Photos/Getty Images

© Bloomberg Creative Photos/Getty Images

Pure diamonds provide a window into chemical reactions on the seafloor that drive metals deep into the Earth.

Serpentinite is a greenish rock that forms out of seawater and minerals in oceanic crust as it sinks into the mantle. It is widely thought to convey surface minerals deep into the Earth, but direct evidence has been lacking.

Now, a team that included researchers from the University of Cape Town has analysed the composition of microscopic minerals trapped in extremely pure diamonds that formed between 460 and 750 kilometres below the Earth’s surface.

The team identified very heavy iron isotopes that could not have formed at such depths. More plausibly they come from iron-rich minerals, such as magnetite, generated during the transformation of the igneous rock peridotite into serpentinite on the seafloor, which then descended into the mantle.

These findings help establish a long-suspected pathway by which surface minerals are recycled deep inside the Earth.

Supported content

  1. Science Advances 7, eabe9773ol (2021). doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abe9773

View the article on the Nature Index

See more research highlights from University of Cape Town (UCT)

More research highlights from University of Cape Town (UCT)

Top articles by Altmetric score in current window

Genome-wide analyses reveal drivers of penguin diversification.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

2020-08-17

1 July 2020 - 30 June 2021

International vs. domestic collaboration by Share

  • 16.29% Domestic
  • 83.71% International

Note: Hover over the graph to view the percentage of collaboration.

Note: Collaboration is determined by the fractional count (Share), which is listed in parentheses.

Affiliated joint institutions and consortia

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