A Nature Index analysis

India’s global collaboration network

Published online 3 December 2015

In 2014, India co-authored papers in Nature Index journals with researchers from 85 countries. Most of these efforts were with researchers in the USA, producing a weighted collaboration score of 180 (Weighted collaboration score is the sum of all WFC from papers that include both Indian researchers and researchers from its partner country). This connection dwarfs the next largest collaboration, with Germany (weighted collaboration score of 80). Other strong collaborations are mostly with European countries, East Asia and Australia (Fig. 7). In terms of authorship, India is mostly an equal partner in these collaborations — and does not ride on the coattails of scientific powerhouses such as the USA or the UK — contributing on an average half of the collaborations’ WFC outputs.

Figure 7 India’s global connections | Full size image (176 KB)

The 2014 data reveal that institutions in India collaborate mostly with international counterparts, but their largest collaborations tend to be with other domestic institutions. They invest more in individual domestic collaborations but tend to participate in many international collaborations.

Data from the index suggests that industry–academia collaboration is yet to take off in India, but Indian academic institutions have good collaborative ties with international corporations (see 'Collaborations: more global, less local'). The same is true for Indian corporations, which form partnerships with international academic institutions. They undertake much of this through international subsidies.

India’s top institutes: an international comparison