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A Nature Index analysis

Collaborations: more global, less local

Published online 3 December 2015

In the Nature Index, India’s international collaborations far outweigh domestic collaboration (Fig. 9). Although the largest collaborators for Indian institutions tend to be other Indian institutions, each has a larger number of smaller collaborations with international counterparts. In other words, there are fewer domestic collaborations, but they tend to be more substantial than international collaborations.

Figure 9 India’s top-ten collaborating institutions in Nature Index 2014 | Researchers from India’s top collaborating institutions co-authored papers with international counterparts more often than with domestic partners. Full size image (45 KB)

Looking specifically at institutions, India’s top-ten collaborating institutes ranked by their weighted collaboration score are the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Panjab University (PU), University of Delhi (DU), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Indian Institute of Science (IISC), National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs).

The index shows that the strongest collaborations come from the IITs, which have significant tie-ups with IISERs, TIFR, NISERs and the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS). TIFR has a robust partnership with CNRS along with IISc, University of Regensburg (UR), Germany and Kolkata-based Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP).

CNRS is also among the top collaborators of Panjab University, which has a noteworthy international associations repertoire featuring the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Institute for High Energy Physics (IHEP), Russia; Belarusian State University (BSU), Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China, Wayne State University (WSU), USA, and Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia.

Figure 10 Indian academic institutions are reaching out to corporate collaborators | This graph shows the contributions made to collaborations by Indian academic institutions and their corporate counterparts in Nature Index 2014. Weighted collaboration score is based on the sum of all WFCs for papers that include both academic and corporate partners. Full size image (74 KB)

In terms of links between industry and academia, the Nature Index reveals almost no domestic collaborations, except for IIT Kanpur’s tie up with Hikal Ltd/BioOrganics & Applied Materials Pvt. Ltd. Within the natural-sciences-focused journals covered by the index, Indian academic institutions collaborate mainly with international corporations (Fig. 10). Indian corporates also mainly collaborate with international academic institutions through their international branches. The top Indian corporate collaborators are Serum Institute of India Ltd (SII) (mainly due to their Dutch subsidiary), Dr Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd, Tata Steel Ltd, Shasun Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Hikal Ltd, BioOrganics & Applied Materials Pvt. Ltd, Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), Pondicherry Biotech Private Ltd and Panacea Biotec (Fig. 11).

Figure 11 Indian corporations are partners with academic collaborators | This graph shows the contributions made to collaborations by Indian corporations and their academic counterparts in Nature Index 2014. Weighted collaboration score is based on the sum of all WFCs for papers that include both corporate and academic partners. Full size image (33 KB)

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