Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger

Journal: The Astrophysical Journal Letters

Published: 2017-10-16

DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa91c9

Affiliations: 976

Authors: 3529

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Research Highlight

When neutron stars collide

© Stocktrek Images/Getty

© Stocktrek Images/Getty

A collision between neutron stars small, dense stellar objects close to the end of their life-cycles – was observed for the first time, thanks to a worldwide network of telescopes.

A global collaboration, including researchers from the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, has now confirmed gravitational waves, ripples in space-time, and electromagnetic radiation were emitted following the collision of two neutron stars in the galaxy NGC 4993.

In August 2017, two gravitational-wave detectors picked up a signal from 130 million light years away. Less than two seconds later, a space telescope detected a burst of gamma rays from the same source. Within an hour, multiple telescopes had picked up a short-lived surge of ultraviolet, visible and infrared radiation that signalled an explosion called a ‘kilonova’. Over the following fortnight, observatories detected X-ray and radio wave emissions that indicated the burst was slowing down.

This series of events was the long-awaited sign of neutron stars merging, and highlights the potential for global collaborations to unveil more mysteries of the universe.

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  1. The Astrophysical Journal Letters 848, L12 (2017) doi: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa91c9
Institutions Share
California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 0.03
Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), CAS, China 0.03
Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (AEI), Germany 0.03
Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO), United States of America (USA) 0.02
University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02
INAF - Astronomical Observatory of Cagliari (OAC), Italy 0.01
University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 0.01
RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 0.01
Division V - Physics and Mathematics, KIT, Germany 0.01
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 0.01
The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 0.01
The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 0.01
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 0.01
German Electron Synchrotron (DESY), Germany 0.01
AstroParticle and Cosmology Laboratory (APC), France 0.01
University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 0.01
National Institute for Subatomic Physics (Nikhef), Netherlands 0.01
National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 0.01
European Gravitational Observatory (EGO), Italy 0.01
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM), United States of America (USA) 0.01
Laboratoire d'Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique des Particules (LAPP), France 0.01
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), United States of America (USA) 0.01
Ulughbeg Astronomical Institute (UBAI), UzAS, Uzbekistan 0.01
INFN Section in Pisa, Italy 0.01
University of Wuppertal, Germany 0.01
Australian National University (ANU), Australia 0.01
Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
Instituto de Tecnologías en Detección y Astropartículas (ITeDA), Argentina 0.01
Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 0.01
AlbaNova University Center - Stockholm Center for Physics, Astronomy and Biotechnology (AlbaNova), Sweden 0.01
Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 0.01
Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 0.01
INAF - Institute for Space Astrophysics and Planetology (IAPS), Italy 0.01
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Astrophysique Relativiste, Théories, Expériences, Metrologie, Instrumentation, Signaux (ARTEMIS), France 0.01
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University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 0
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Charles Sturt University (CSU), Australia 0
Yale University, United States of America (USA) 0
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Japan 0
University of Mons (UMONS), Belgium 0
Fonctions Optiques pour les Technologies de l'Information (FOTON), France 0
Flatiron Institute, Simons Foundation, United States of America (USA) 0
Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Laboratory (SNOLAB), Canada 0
Unité Mixte Internationale Franco-Chilienne d'Astronomie (UMI-FCA), Chile 0
National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 0
University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 0
Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 0
University of Camerino (UNICAM), Italy 0
Chennai Mathematical Institute (CMI), India 0
Gemini Observatory Southern Operations Center, Chile 0
University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 0
Indian Institute of Advanced Research (IIAR), India 0
University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 0
The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 0
University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 0
Marquette University, United States of America (USA) 0
Orangewave Innovative Science, LLC, United States of America (USA) 0
United States Air Force Academy (USAFA), United States of America (USA) 0
Auragne Observatory, France 0
Kislovodsk Mountain Astronomical Station of the Pulkovo Observatory, RAS, Russia 0
Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), India 0
Massey University, New Zealand 0
Centre National de l'Energie, des Sciences et des Techniques Nuclaires / Rabat (CNESTEN), Morocco 0
Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Spain 0
Osaka City University (OCU), Japan 0
Kagoshima University, Japan 0
Bellevue College, United States of America (USA) 0
Toho University, Japan 0
Istanbul University, Turkey 0
Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA), Australia 0
Nanjing Institute of Astronomical Optics and Technology (NIAOT), NAOC CAS, China 0
National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia (NAS), Armenia 0
National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 0
SUBATECH, France 0
University of Zielona Góra (UZ), Poland 0
Abilene Christian University, United States of America (USA) 0
University of Lyon, France 0
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 0
INFN Gruppo Collegato di Parma, Italy 0
University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 0
Leiden Observatory (STRW), Netherlands 0
Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 0
Il Museo della Fisica e il Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi (Centro Fermi), Italy 0
Claude Bernard University Lyon 1 (UCBL), France 0
University of La Laguna (ULL), Spain 0
Scientific Centre of Monaco (CSM), Monaco 0
Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 0
Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 0
Galaxies, Stars, Physics and Instrumentation (GEPI), France 0
Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO (FINCA), Finland 0
Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies (HITS), Germany 0
International Centre for Relativistic Astrophysics Network (ICRANet), Italy 0
University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 0
Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics - Center for the Evolution of the Elements (JINA-CEE), United States of America (USA) 0
San Diego State University (SDSU), United States of America (USA) 0
Ingeniería de Sistemas para la Defensa de España (ISDEFE), Spain 0
European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), ESA, Spain 0
Adler Planetarium, United States of America (USA) 0
Konan University, Japan 0
ARC Centre of Excellence for All Sky Astrophysics in 3 Dimensions (ASTRO 3D), Australia 0
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 0
Nançay Radioastronomy Station (USN), France 0
Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l'Environnement et de l'Espace (LPC2E), France 0
Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (NORDITA), Sweden 0
A. Alikhanyan National Laboratory (AANL) / Yerevan Physics Institute (YerPhi), Armenia 0
INAF - Astronomical Observatory of Trieste (OATs), Italy 0
University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 0
Laboratoire de Physique de Clermont (LPC), France 0
Laboratoire d’Informatique et Systèmes (LIS), France 0
Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), NWO-I, Netherlands 0
Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 0
NASA Astrophysics Science Division (ASD), United States of America (USA) 0
National Science Foundation (NSF), United States of America (USA) 0
East Windsor Regional Schools, United States of America (USA) 0
American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), United States of America (USA) 0
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 0
Indiana University Bloomington (IUB), United States of America (USA) 0
Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 0
University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 0
University of Insubria, Italy 0
The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 0
Guilin University of Electronic Technology (GUET), China 0
Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO), CAS, China 0
National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), Russia 0
National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Russia 0
Tianjin Normal University (TJNU), China 0
Square Kilometre Array (SKA Organisation), United Kingdom (UK) 0
Space Science Institute (SSI), United States of America (USA) 0
Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy 0
Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Japan 0

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