Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger

Journal: The Astrophysical Journal Letters

Published: 2017-10-16

DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa91c9

Affiliations: 976

Authors: 3529

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Research Highlight

When neutron stars collide

© Stocktrek Images/Getty

© Stocktrek Images/Getty

A collision between neutron stars small, dense stellar objects close to the end of their life-cycles – was observed for the first time, thanks to a worldwide network of telescopes.

A global collaboration, including researchers from the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, has now confirmed gravitational waves, ripples in space-time, and electromagnetic radiation were emitted following the collision of two neutron stars in the galaxy NGC 4993.

In August 2017, two gravitational-wave detectors picked up a signal from 130 million light years away. Less than two seconds later, a space telescope detected a burst of gamma rays from the same source. Within an hour, multiple telescopes had picked up a short-lived surge of ultraviolet, visible and infrared radiation that signalled an explosion called a ‘kilonova’. Over the following fortnight, observatories detected X-ray and radio wave emissions that indicated the burst was slowing down.

This series of events was the long-awaited sign of neutron stars merging, and highlights the potential for global collaborations to unveil more mysteries of the universe.

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  1. The Astrophysical Journal Letters 848, L12 (2017) doi: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa91c9
Institutions Share
California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 0.03
Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), CAS, China 0.03
Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (AEI), Germany 0.03
Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO), United States of America (USA) 0.02
University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02
INAF - Astronomical Observatory of Cagliari (OAC), Italy 0.01
University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 0.01
RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 0.01
Division V - Physics and Mathematics, KIT, Germany 0.01
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 0.01
The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 0.01
The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 0.01
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 0.01
German Electron Synchrotron (DESY), Germany 0.01
AstroParticle and Cosmology Laboratory (APC), France 0.01
University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 0.01
National Institute for Subatomic Physics (Nikhef), Netherlands 0.01
National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 0.01
European Gravitational Observatory (EGO), Italy 0.01
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM), United States of America (USA) 0.01
Laboratoire d'Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique des Particules (LAPP), France 0.01
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), United States of America (USA) 0.01
Ulughbeg Astronomical Institute (UBAI), UzAS, Uzbekistan 0.01
INFN Section in Pisa, Italy 0.01
University of Wuppertal, Germany 0.01
Australian National University (ANU), Australia 0.01
Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
Instituto de Tecnologías en Detección y Astropartículas (ITeDA), Argentina 0.01
Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 0.01
AlbaNova University Center - Stockholm Center for Physics, Astronomy and Biotechnology (AlbaNova), Sweden 0.01
Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 0.01
Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 0.01
INAF - Institute for Space Astrophysics and Planetology (IAPS), Italy 0.01
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 0.01
University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
Astrophysique Relativiste, Théories, Expériences, Metrologie, Instrumentation, Signaux (ARTEMIS), France 0.01
Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 0
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University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 0
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University of Białystok (UWB), Poland 0
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Japan 0
Bellevue College, United States of America (USA) 0
NYCB Real-Time Computing Inc., United States of America (USA) 0
University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 0
Flatiron Institute, Simons Foundation, United States of America (USA) 0
Gemini Observatory Southern Operations Center, Chile 0
Sonoma State University (SSU), United States of America (USA) 0
Charles Sturt University (CSU), Australia 0
VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 0
Osaka City University (OCU), Japan 0
Fonctions Optiques pour les Technologies de l'Information (FOTON), France 0
Unité Mixte Internationale Franco-Chilienne d'Astronomie (UMI-FCA), Chile 0
National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 0
University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 0
Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 0
University of Camerino (UNICAM), Italy 0
Chennai Mathematical Institute (CMI), India 0
Kagoshima University, Japan 0
Toho University, Japan 0
Massey University, New Zealand 0
Kislovodsk Mountain Astronomical Station of the Pulkovo Observatory, RAS, Russia 0
University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 0
Purdue University Northwest (PNW), United States of America (USA) 0
Auragne Observatory, France 0
United States Air Force Academy (USAFA), United States of America (USA) 0
University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 0
Orangewave Innovative Science, LLC, United States of America (USA) 0
The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 0
Indian Institute of Advanced Research (IIAR), India 0
The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 0
University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 0
Nanjing Institute of Astronomical Optics and Technology (NIAOT), NAOC CAS, China 0
National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia (NAS), Armenia 0
Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA), Australia 0
National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 0
University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 0
Claude Bernard University Lyon 1 (UCBL), France 0
University of Lyon, France 0
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 0
Abilene Christian University, United States of America (USA) 0
University of La Laguna (ULL), Spain 0
University of Zielona Góra (UZ), Poland 0
Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 0
SUBATECH, France 0
Scientific Centre of Monaco (CSM), Monaco 0
Leiden Observatory (STRW), Netherlands 0
INFN Gruppo Collegato di Parma, Italy 0
Il Museo della Fisica e il Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi (Centro Fermi), Italy 0
Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 0
Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 0
Ingeniería de Sistemas para la Defensa de España (ISDEFE), Spain 0
Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l'Environnement et de l'Espace (LPC2E), France 0
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 0
Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (NORDITA), Sweden 0
ARC Centre of Excellence for All Sky Astrophysics in 3 Dimensions (ASTRO 3D), Australia 0
Konan University, Japan 0
European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), ESA, Spain 0
Adler Planetarium, United States of America (USA) 0
Organization for Advanced Studies (OAS), Tohoku University, Japan 0
San Diego State University (SDSU), United States of America (USA) 0
Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics - Center for the Evolution of the Elements (JINA-CEE), United States of America (USA) 0
University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 0
International Centre for Relativistic Astrophysics Network (ICRANet), Italy 0
Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies (HITS), Germany 0
American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), United States of America (USA) 0
Tohoku University, Japan 0
Nançay Radioastronomy Station (USN), France 0
Galaxies, Stars, Physics and Instrumentation (GEPI), France 0
A. Alikhanyan National Laboratory (AANL) / Yerevan Physics Institute (YerPhi), Armenia 0
University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 0
Laboratoire de Physique de Clermont (LPC), France 0
Laboratoire d’Informatique et Systèmes (LIS), France 0
Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), NWO-I, Netherlands 0
Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 0
NASA Astrophysics Science Division (ASD), United States of America (USA) 0
National Science Foundation (NSF), United States of America (USA) 0
East Windsor Regional Schools, United States of America (USA) 0
Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 0
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 0
Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO (FINCA), Finland 0
Indiana University Bloomington (IUB), United States of America (USA) 0
University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 0
University of Insubria, Italy 0
INAF - Astronomical Observatory of Trieste (OATs), Italy 0
The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 0
Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO), CAS, China 0
National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), Russia 0
National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Russia 0
Tianjin Normal University (TJNU), China 0
Square Kilometre Array (SKA Organisation), United Kingdom (UK) 0
Guilin University of Electronic Technology (GUET), China 0
Space Science Institute (SSI), United States of America (USA) 0
Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy 0
Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Japan 0

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