Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger

Journal: The Astrophysical Journal Letters

Published: 2017-10-16

DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa91c9

Affiliations: 976

Authors: 3529

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Research Highlight

When neutron stars collide

© Stocktrek Images/Getty

© Stocktrek Images/Getty

A collision between neutron stars small, dense stellar objects close to the end of their life-cycles – was observed for the first time, thanks to a worldwide network of telescopes.

A global collaboration, including researchers from the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, has now confirmed gravitational waves, ripples in space-time, and electromagnetic radiation were emitted following the collision of two neutron stars in the galaxy NGC 4993.

In August 2017, two gravitational-wave detectors picked up a signal from 130 million light years away. Less than two seconds later, a space telescope detected a burst of gamma rays from the same source. Within an hour, multiple telescopes had picked up a short-lived surge of ultraviolet, visible and infrared radiation that signalled an explosion called a ‘kilonova’. Over the following fortnight, observatories detected X-ray and radio wave emissions that indicated the burst was slowing down.

This series of events was the long-awaited sign of neutron stars merging, and highlights the potential for global collaborations to unveil more mysteries of the universe.

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  1. The Astrophysical Journal Letters 848, L12 (2017) doi: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa91c9
Institutions FC
CAS Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, IHEP CAS, China 0.03
Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (AEI), Germany 0.03
Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO), Caltech, United States of America (USA) 0.02
University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02
INAF - Astronomical Observatory of Cagliari (OAC), Italy 0.01
LIGO Hanford Observatory, United States of America (USA) 0.01
LIGO Livingston Observatory, United States of America (USA) 0.01
DESY Location Zeuthen, Germany 0.01
Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophysics Center (WIPAC), UW-Madison, United States of America (USA) 0.01
MIT LIGO Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics (ECAP), FAU, Germany 0.01
AstroParticle and Cosmology Laboratory (APC), France 0.01
European Gravitational Observatory (EGO), Italy 0.01
National Institute for Subatomic Physics (Nikhef), Netherlands 0.01
Laboratoire d'Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique des Particules (LAPP), France 0.01
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), United States of America (USA) 0.01
Ulugh Beg Astronomical Institute (UBAI), UzAS, Uzbekistan 0.01
INFN Section in Pisa, Italy 0.01
Department of Physics, University of Wuppertal, Germany 0.01
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM), United States of America (USA) 0.01
Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
Institute for Nuclear Physics (IKP), KIT, Germany 0.01
Department of Physics, UMCP, United States of America (USA) 0.01
The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 0.01
Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy (PMA), Caltech, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Instituto de Tecnologías en Detección y Astropartículas (ITeDA), Argentina 0.01
Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmoparticle Physics (OKC), Sweden 0.01
III. Institute of Physics B, RWTH Aachen, Germany 0.01
Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 0.01
INAF - Institute for Space Astrophysics and Planetology (IAPS), Italy 0.01
Astrophysique Relativiste, Théories, Expériences, Metrologie, Instrumentation, Signaux (ARTEMIS), France 0.01
Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics (IMAPP), RU, Netherlands 0
INAF - Institute of Space Astrophysics and Cosmic Physics of Bologna (IASF Bologna), Italy 0
National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), UIUC, United States of America (USA) 0
University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 0
III. Institute of Physics A, RWTH Aachen, Germany 0
University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 0
Australian National University (ANU), Australia 0
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), United States of America (USA) 0
Stanford Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology (KIPAC), United States of America (USA) 0
Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics (CIERA), NU, United States of America (USA) 0
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Instituto de Astronomía Teórica y Experimental (IATE CONICET-UNC), Argentina 0
Department of Physics, Penn State, United States of America (USA) 0
Laboratory of the Linear Accelerator (LAL), France 0
International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR), Australia 0
Center for Relativistic Astrophysics (CRA), Georgia Tech, United States of America (USA) 0
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Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), India 0
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Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 0
The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 0
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ARC Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), Australia 0
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University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 0
CEA Institute of Research into the Fundamental Laws of the Universe (IRFU), France 0
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Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE), Germany 0
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Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT), United States of America (USA) 0
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National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics and Electronics (INAOE), CONACYT, Mexico 0
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Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI), South Korea 0
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Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 0
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Laboratory Universe and Theories (LUTH), France 0
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Department of Physics, UNITN, Italy 0
Laboratory of Physics, Matter and Radiations, UMP, Morocco 0
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Department of Physics, University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 0
Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), France 0
Department of Physics, UNITO, Italy 0
CEA Particle Physics Division (SPP), France 0
Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics (RMKI), HAS, Hungary 0
Dr. Karl Remeis-Sternwarte / Astronomisches Institut, FAU, Germany 0
University of Perugia, Italy 0
Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA), Germany 0
UC Davis Department of Physics, United States of America (USA) 0
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INFN Section in Trieste, Italy 0
Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics, UFSC, Brazil 0
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Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies (HITS), Germany 0
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University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 0
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Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 0
East Windsor Regional Schools, United States of America (USA) 0
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 0
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Department of Computer Architecture and Technology, UGR, Spain 0
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Adler Planetarium, United States of America (USA) 0
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Abilene Christian University, United States of America (USA) 0
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 0
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Institute for Advanced Research (IAR), Nagoya University, Japan 0
Martin A. Fisher School of Physics, Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 0
Konan University, Japan 0
Henry A. Rowland Department of Physics and Astronomy, JHU, United States of America (USA) 0
Research Center for Information and Communications Technologies (CITIC), UGR, Spain 0
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Guilin University of Electronic Technology (GUET), China 0
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CAS Key Laboratory of Radio Astronomy, PMO CAS, China 0
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Tianjin Normal University (TJNU), China 0
Jodrell Bank Observatory, UoM, United Kingdom (UK) 0
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Stanford Department of Physics, United States of America (USA) 0
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