Broadband Multi-wavelength Properties of M87 during the 2017 Event Horizon Telescope Campaign

Journal:
The Astrophysical Journal Letters
Published:
DOI:
10.3847/2041-8213/abef71
Affiliations:
244
Authors:
736
Institutions Authors Share
Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy (MPIFR), Germany
29.333333
29.333333
29.333333
0.04
German Electron Synchrotron (DESY), Germany
29.000000
29.000000
29.000000
0.04
Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics (MPIK), Germany
27.333333
27.333333
27.333333
0.04
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany
19.500000
19.500000
0.03
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA), United States of America (USA)
18.833333
18.833333
0.03
The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan
18.333333
18.333333
0.02
Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP), Germany
18.000000
18.000000
0.02
National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy
17.000000
17.000000
0.02
North-West University (NWU), South Africa
16.000000
16.000000
0.02
Institute for High Energy Physics (IFAE), BIST, Spain
14.000000
14.000000
0.02
Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands
13.083333
13.083333
0.02
CEA Institute of Research into the Fundamental Laws of the Universe (IRFU), France
12.500000
12.500000
0.02
The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA)
11.250000
11.250000
0.02
Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain
11.000000
11.000000
0.01
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA)
10.833333
10.833333
0.01
Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA), Academia Sinica, Taiwan
10.333333
10.333333
0.01
Harvard University, United States of America (USA)
10.166667
10.166667
0.01
AstroParticle and Cosmology Laboratory (APC), France
10.000000
10.000000
0.01
Institute of Astrophysics of Canarias (IAC), Spain
10.000000
10.000000
0.01
Laboratoire d'Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique des Particules (LAPP), France
10.000000
10.000000
0.01
University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands
9.500000
0.01
Institute for Space Studies of Catalonia (IEEC), Spain
9.000000
0.01
Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), France
8.000000
0.01
University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria
8.000000
0.01
National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ), NINS, Japan
7.416667
0.01
Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA)
7.333333
0.01
University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK)
7.000000
0.01
Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI), South Korea
6.833333
0.01
University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany
6.500000
0.01
Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany
6.000000
0.01
INFN Section in Pisa, Italy
6.000000
0.01
Laboratory Nuclear and High-Energy Physics (LPNHE), France
6.000000
0.01
TU Dortmund University, Germany
6.000000
0.01
East Asian Observatory (EAO), United States of America (USA)
6.000000
0.01
Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO), CAS, China
6.000000
0.01
McGill University, Canada
6.000000
0.01
Laboratory Universe and Theories (LUTH), France
5.500000
0.01
University of Waterloo, Canada
5.166667
0.01
INAF - Institute of Radioastronomy (IRA), Italy
5.000000
0.01
Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center (CAMK-PAN), PAS, Poland
5.000000
0.01
Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (INRNE), BAS, Bulgaria
5.000000
0.01
University of Rijeka (UNIRI), Croatia
5.000000
0.01
Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland
5.000000
0.01
University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy
5.000000
0.01
INFN Section in Padova, Italy
5.000000
0.01
Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier (LUPM), France
5.000000
0.01
Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany
5.000000
0.01
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (Wits University), South Africa
4.666667
0.01
Institute of Astrophysics of Andalusia (IAA), CSIC, Spain
4.500000
0.01
University of Namibia (UNAM), Namibia
4.500000
0.01
University of Potsdam, Germany
4.000000
0.01
Centre of Nuclear Studies of Bordeaux-Gradignan (CENBG), France
4.000000
0.01
The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics (IFJ PAN), PAS, Poland
4.000000
0.01
Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany
4.000000
0.01
The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia
4.000000
0.01
University of Siena (UNISI), Italy
4.000000
0.01
University of Lodz (UL), Poland
4.000000
0.01
Kyoto University, Japan
4.000000
0.01
University of Split, Croatia
4.000000
0.01
Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO (FINCA), Finland
4.000000
0.01
University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany
4.000000
0.01
INFN Section in Trieste, Italy
3.833333
0.01
Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (JIVE), Netherlands
3.500000
0.00
University of Udine (UNIUD), Italy
3.500000
0.00
Linnaeus University (LNU), Sweden
3.500000
0.00
University of Zagreb, Croatia
3.000000
0.00
University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany
3.000000
0.00
Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology (CIEMAT), Spain
3.000000
0.00
University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA)
3.000000
0.00
Leprince-Ringuet Laboratory (LLR), France
3.000000
0.00
University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA)
3.000000
0.00
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA)
3.000000
0.00
University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK)
3.000000
0.00
Institut Polytechnique de Paris (IP Paris), France
3.000000
0.00
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA)
3.000000
0.00
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada
2.916667
0.00
California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA)
2.833333
0.00
University of Valencia (UV), Spain
2.666667
0.00
The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (Sokendai), Japan
2.583333
0.00
The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA)
2.500000
0.00
Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA)
2.500000
0.00
Purple Mountain Observatory (PMO), CAS, China
2.333333
0.00
A. Alikhanyan National Laboratory (AANL) / Yerevan Physics Institute (YerPhi), Armenia
2.000000
0.00
Center for Particle Physics of Marseilles (CPPM), France
2.000000
0.00
Brazilian Center for Research in Physics (CBPF), MCTIC, Brazil
2.000000
0.00
University of the Free State (UFS), South Africa
2.000000
0.00
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland
2.000000
0.00
Rikkyo University, Japan
2.000000
0.00
Villanova University, United States of America (USA)
2.000000
0.00
Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia
2.000000
0.00
University of Turin (UNITO), Italy
2.000000
0.00
Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden
2.000000
0.00
Yamaguchi University, Japan
2.000000
0.00
The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA)
2.000000
0.00
National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway), Ireland
2.000000
0.00
Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA)
2.000000
0.00
University of Concepción (UdeC), Chile
2.000000
0.00
The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA)
2.000000
0.00
The University of Alabama (UA), United States of America (USA)
2.000000
0.00
University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA)
2.000000
0.00
Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA)
2.000000
0.00
ASIAA Hawaii Operations, United States of America (USA)
2.000000
0.00
INFN Section in Torino, Italy
2.000000
0.00
Cornell University, United States of America (USA)
2.000000
0.00
University of Warsaw (UW), Poland
2.000000
0.00
University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA)
2.000000
0.00
Tokai University, Japan
2.000000
0.00
University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy
2.000000
0.00
INFN Section in Bari, Italy
2.000000
0.00
Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica "Michelangelo Merlin", Italy
2.000000
0.00
Purdue University, United States of America (USA)
2.000000
0.00
ICRANet-Yerevan, Armenia
2.000000
0.00
National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics and Electronics (INAOE), CONACYT, Mexico
2.000000
0.00
Iowa State University, United States of America (USA)
2.000000
0.00
University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland
2.000000
0.00
Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (DIAS), Ireland
1.833333
0.00
University of Science and Technology (UST), South Korea
1.833333
0.00
Peking University (PKU), China
1.500000
0.00
Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea
1.500000
0.00
IRAM Granada, Spain
1.500000
0.00
The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA)
1.500000
0.00
Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory (XAO), CAS, China
1.500000
0.00
Princeton University, United States of America (USA)
1.500000
0.00
Italian ALMA Regional Centre (Italian ARC), Italy
1.333333
0.00
Leiden Observatory (STRW), Netherlands
1.250000
0.00
Simons Foundation, United States of America (USA)
1.166667
0.00
University of Malaya (UM), Malaysia
1.000000
0.00
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Croatia
1.000000
0.00
University of Oulu, Finland
1.000000
0.00
INFN Section in Perugia, Italy
1.000000
0.00
INFN Section in Roma Tor Vergata, Italy
1.000000
0.00
California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), United States of America (USA)
1.000000
0.00
California State University, East Bay (CSUEB), United States of America (USA)
1.000000
0.00
DePauw University, United States of America (USA)
1.000000
0.00
Munster Technological University (MTU), Ireland
1.000000
0.00
Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), India
1.000000
0.00
Ibaraki University, Japan
1.000000
0.00
Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (NCU), Poland
1.000000
0.00
University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA)
1.000000
0.00
National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), United States of America (USA)
1.000000
0.00
Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), CAS, China
1.000000
0.00
Nanjing University (NJU), China
1.000000
0.00
National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico
1.000000
0.00
NSF National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), United States of America (USA)
1.000000
0.00
JILA, United States of America (USA)
1.000000
0.00
Laboratory of Space Studies and Instrumentation in Astrophysics (LESIA), France
1.000000
0.00
Fairfield University, United States of America (USA)
1.000000
0.00
Netherlands Research School for Astronomy (NOVA), Netherlands
1.000000
0.00
University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands
1.000000
0.00
National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT), Mexico
1.000000
0.00
Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia
1.000000
0.00
University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA)
1.000000
0.00
University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China
1.000000
0.00
University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), United Kingdom (UK)
1.000000
0.00
Yale University, United States of America (USA)
1.000000
0.00
Brandeis University, United States of America (USA)
1.000000
0.00
Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China
1.000000
0.00
Yonsei University, South Korea
0.833333
0.00
High Energy Astrophysics Laboratory, RAU, Armenia
0.833333
0.00
Aalto University, Finland
0.666667
0.00
Rhodes University (RU), South Africa
0.666667
0.00
Yunnan Observatories (YNAO), NAOC CAS, China
0.666667
0.00
Hiroshima International University, Japan
0.500000
0.00
National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), CAS, China
0.500000
0.00
Centre for Cosmology and Particle Physics Phenomenology (CP³-Origins), Denmark
0.500000
0.00
Special Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), RAS, Russia
0.500000
0.00
Kogakuin University, Japan
0.500000
0.00
Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences (AUAS), Netherlands
0.500000
0.00
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), United States of America (USA)
0.500000
0.00
National Sun Yat-Sen University (NSYSU), Taiwan
0.500000
0.00
RIKEN, Japan
0.500000
0.00
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China
0.500000
0.00
UCL, United Kingdom (UK)
0.500000
0.00
Tohoku University, Japan
0.500000
0.00
University of Toronto (U of T), Canada
0.500000
0.00
National Institute of Technology, Hachinohe College, Japan
0.500000
0.00
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (UOA), Greece
0.500000
0.00
Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA)
0.500000
0.00
National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan
0.500000
0.00
Japanese MAGIC Consortium, Japan
0.500000
0.00
Tohoku Gakuin University, Japan
0.500000
0.00
University of Pretoria (UP), South Africa
0.333333
0.00
INFN Section in Napoli, Italy
0.333333
0.00
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China
0.333333
0.00
Center for Astronomical Mega-Science (CAMS), CAS, China
0.333333
0.00
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia
0.333333
0.00
P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute (LPI), RAS, Russia
0.333333
0.00
University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy
0.333333
0.00
The University of Dublin, Ireland
0.333333
0.00
Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS), Germany
0.333333
0.00
University of Massachusetts Boston (UMass Boston), United States of America (USA)
0.333333
0.00
South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO), South Africa
0.333333
0.00
University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy
0.333333
0.00
National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU), Taiwan
0.333333
0.00
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO), Netherlands
0.250000
0.00
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada
0.250000
0.00
WPI Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI Kavli IPMU), UTokyo, Japan
0.250000
0.00
Institute of Statistical Mathematics (ISM), ROIS, Japan
0.250000
0.00