First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. V. Physical Origin of the Asymmetric Ring

Journal: The Astrophysical Journal Letters

Published: 2019-04-10

DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab0f43

Affiliations: 110

Authors: 221

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Institutions FC
Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy (MPIFR), Germany 0.11
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA), United States of America (USA) 0.06
Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics (IMAPP), RU, Netherlands 0.06
Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA), Academia Sinica, Taiwan 0.05
MIT Haystack Observatory, United States of America (USA) 0.05
Department of Astronomy and Steward Observatory, Arizona, United States of America (USA) 0.05
Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), France 0.04
Harvard Black Hole Initiative (BHI), United States of America (USA) 0.04
Institute for Theoretical Physics (ITP), GU, Germany 0.03
Mizusawa VLBI Observatory, NAOJ, Japan 0.03
East Asian Observatory (EAO), United States of America (USA) 0.02
Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI), South Korea 0.02
Department of Astronomy, UMass Amherst, United States of America (USA) 0.02
Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO), CAS, China 0.02
Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (JIVE), Netherlands 0.02
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 0.01
ASIAA Hawaii Operations, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Canada 0.01
Department of Physics, UIUC, United States of America (USA) 0.01
National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ), NINS, Japan 0.01
Chalmers Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Sweden 0.01
Waterloo Centre for Astrophysics (WCA), University of Waterloo, Canada 0.01
Institute of Astrophysics of Andalusia (IAA), CSIC, Spain 0.01
Department of Astronomical Science, Sokendai, Japan 0.01
Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy (API), UvA, Netherlands 0.01
Cornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science (CCAPS), Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 0.01
MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Department of Astronomy, UdeC, Chile 0.01
Netherlands Research School for Astronomy (NOVA), Netherlands 0.01
Department of Physics, Villanova University, United States of America (USA) 0.01
University of Science and Technology (UST), South Korea 0.01
Institute for Astrophysical Research (IAR), BU, United States of America (USA) 0.01
The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 0.01
National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics and Electronics (INAOE), CONACYT, Mexico 0.01
IRAM Granada, Spain 0.01
Department of Astronomy, UIUC, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Centre for Radio Astronomy Techniques and Technologies (RATT), RU, South Africa 0.01
Systems and Technology Research LLC (STR), United States of America (USA) 0.01
CAS Key Laboratory for Researches in Galaxies and Cosmology, SHAO CAS, China 0.01
Harvard Department of Physics, United States of America (USA) 0.01
NSF National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), United States of America (USA) 0.01
School of Physics, HUST, China 0
Radio Astronomy Laboratory (RAL), UC Berkeley, United States of America (USA) 0
INAF - Institute of Radioastronomy (IRA), Italy 0
Italian ALMA Regional Centre (Italian ARC), Italy 0
School of Astronomy and Space Sciences, NJU, China 0
CAS Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, IHEP CAS, China 0
National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics, NSYSU, Taiwan 0
Martin A. Fisher School of Physics, Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics and Astronomy, SNU, South Korea 0
Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE), Germany 0
Department of Physics, WUSTL, United States of America (USA) 0
CAS Key Laboratory of Radio Astronomy, PMO CAS, China 0
Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics at Peking University (KIAA-PKU), China 0
Department of Astronomy, USTC, China 0
Dutch ALMA Regional Centre (Allegro), Netherlands 0
Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center (HASC), HU, Japan 0
Department of Astronomy, UTokyo, Japan 0
Computational Physics and Methods (CCS-2), LANL, United States of America (USA) 0
Center for Theoretical Astrophysics, LANL, United States of America (USA) 0
National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT), Mexico 0
UCL Mullard Space Science Laboratory (MSSL), United Kingdom (UK) 0
European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), ESA, Netherlands 0
ASTRON Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, NWO, Netherlands 0
I. Physical Institute (PH1), UoC, Germany 0
Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, Japan 0
Department of Physics, UCSB, United States of America (USA) 0
Leiden Observatory (STRW), Netherlands 0
Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Science (FRIS), Tohoku University, Japan 0
Department of Physics, UP, South Africa 0
Centro Astronómico de Yebes (CAY), IGN, Spain 0
MOE Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics, NJU, China 0
GRavitation and AstroParticle Physics Amsterdam (GRAPPA), UvA, Netherlands 0
The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 0
Institute of Astronomy (IA), UNAM, Mexico 0
V. V. Sobolev Astronomical Institute, SPbU, Russia 0
Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica (IRyA), UNAM, Mexico 0
Department of Physics, NTU, Taiwan 0
Department of Astronomy, PKU, China 0
Academic Support Center, Kogakuin University, Japan 0
California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 0
University of Massachusetts Boston (UMass Boston), United States of America (USA) 0
School of Astronomy and Space Science, UCAS, China 0
Department of Physics, McGill University, Canada 0
McGill Space Institute (MSI), McGill University, Canada 0
Gravity and the Extreme Universe Program, CIFAR, Canada 0
Metsähovi Radio Observatory, Aalto University, Finland 0
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO), Netherlands 0
Department of Astronomy, Yonsei University, South Korea 0
Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering (ELE), Aalto University, Finland 0
Department of Physics, UNINA, Italy 0
Yunnan Observatories (YNAO), NAOC CAS, China 0
Center for Astronomical Mega-Science (CAMS), CAS, China 0
INFN Section in Napoli, Italy 0
Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, UV, Spain 0
Harvard Department of the History of Science, United States of America (USA) 0
CAS Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects (KLSECO), YNAO CAS, China 0
Astronomical Observatory (OAUV), UV, Spain 0
Enrico Fermi Institute (EFI), UChicago, United States of America (USA) 0
Institute of Statistical Mathematics (ISM), ROIS, Japan 0
Department of Statistical Science, Sokendai, Japan 0
WPI Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI Kavli IPMU), UTokyo, Japan 0
Department of Physics, UChicago, United States of America (USA) 0
Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics (KICP), UChicago, United States of America (USA) 0
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada 0
Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, U of T, Canada 0
Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics (CITA), U of T, Canada 0
Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, UChicago, United States of America (USA) 0

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