First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole

Journal: The Astrophysical Journal Letters

Published: 2019-04-10

DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab0ec7

Affiliations: 147

Authors: 347

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Institutions FC
Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy (MPIFR), Germany 0.09
Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA), Academia Sinica, Taiwan 0.08
MIT Haystack Observatory, United States of America (USA) 0.06
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA), United States of America (USA) 0.06
Department of Astronomy and Steward Observatory, Arizona, United States of America (USA) 0.05
East Asian Observatory (EAO), United States of America (USA) 0.05
Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics (IMAPP), RU, Netherlands 0.04
Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), France 0.03
ASIAA Hawaii Operations, United States of America (USA) 0.03
Harvard Black Hole Initiative (BHI), United States of America (USA) 0.03
Institute for Theoretical Physics (ITP), GU, Germany 0.02
Department of Astronomy, UMass Amherst, United States of America (USA) 0.02
Mizusawa VLBI Observatory, NAOJ, Japan 0.02
National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics and Electronics (INAOE), CONACYT, Mexico 0.02
IRAM Granada, Spain 0.02
National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology (NCSIST), Taiwan 0.02
Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI), South Korea 0.01
Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO), CAS, China 0.01
Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (JIVE), Netherlands 0.01
National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ), NINS, Japan 0.01
NRAO Technology Center (NTC), United States of America (USA) 0.01
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 0.01
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Canada 0.01
NSF National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), United States of America (USA) 0.01
Department of Astronomy, UdeC, Chile 0.01
Department of Physics, UIUC, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Chalmers Onsala Space Observatory (OSO), Sweden 0.01
Waterloo Centre for Astrophysics (WCA), University of Waterloo, Canada 0.01
Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics (KICP), UChicago, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy (API), UvA, Netherlands 0.01
Department of Astronomy, UC Berkeley, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Cornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science (CCAPS), Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Department of Astronomical Science, Sokendai, Japan 0.01
MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Netherlands Research School for Astronomy (NOVA), Netherlands 0.01
Department of Physics, Villanova University, United States of America (USA) 0.01
National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT), Mexico 0.01
European Southern Observatory (ESO), Chile 0.01
Italian ALMA Regional Centre (Italian ARC), Italy 0.01
Institute of Astrophysics of Andalusia (IAA), CSIC, Spain 0.01
University of Science and Technology (UST), South Korea 0.01
Department of Physics, UChicago, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Institute for Astrophysical Research (IAR), BU, United States of America (USA) 0
Joint ALMA Observatory (JAO), Chile 0
Department of Astronomy, UIUC, United States of America (USA) 0
Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE), Germany 0
Systems and Technology Research LLC (STR), United States of America (USA) 0
Centre for Radio Astronomy Techniques and Technologies (RATT), RU, South Africa 0
Harvard Department of Physics, United States of America (USA) 0
CAS Key Laboratory for Researches in Galaxies and Cosmology, SHAO CAS, China 0
Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, UChicago, United States of America (USA) 0
Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica (IRyA), UNAM, Mexico 0
Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), Netherlands 0
Western University (UWO), Canada 0
Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy (CASA), CU-Boulder, United States of America (USA) 0
CAS Key Laboratory of Radio Astronomy, PMO CAS, China 0
Department of Physics and Astronomy, SNU, South Korea 0
Radio Astronomy Laboratory (RAL), UC Berkeley, United States of America (USA) 0
UCLA Department of Physics and Astronomy, United States of America (USA) 0
Owens Valley Radio Observatory (OVRO), Caltech, United States of America (USA) 0
University of Vermont (UVM), United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Astronomy, USTC, China 0
School of Physics, HUST, China 0
Stanford Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology (KIPAC), United States of America (USA) 0
Martin A. Fisher School of Physics, Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 0
School of Astronomy and Space Sciences, NJU, China 0
Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics at Peking University (KIAA-PKU), China 0
CAS Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, IHEP CAS, China 0
National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics, NSYSU, Taiwan 0
Department of Physics, WUSTL, United States of America (USA) 0
Osaka Prefecture University (OPU), Japan 0
Dutch ALMA Regional Centre (Allegro), Netherlands 0
Enrico Fermi Institute (EFI), UChicago, United States of America (USA) 0
Square Kilometre Array (SKA Organisation), United Kingdom (UK) 0
The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 0
UCL Mullard Space Science Laboratory (MSSL), United Kingdom (UK) 0
Department of Physics, UM, Malaysia 0
European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), ESA, Netherlands 0
ASTRON Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, NWO, Netherlands 0
George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Tech, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics, UNIST, South Korea 0
Jodrell Bank Observatory, UoM, United Kingdom (UK) 0
Research Institute in Astrophysics and Planetology (IRAP), France 0
I. Physical Institute (PH1), UoC, Germany 0
Merlab, P.C., United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, CU-Boulder, United States of America (USA) 0
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), United States of America (USA) 0
High Energy Physics Division (HEP), ANL, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics, CU-Boulder, United States of America (USA) 0
University of the Americas (UDLAP), Mexico 0
Leiden Observatory (STRW), Netherlands 0
MIT Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), United States of America (USA) 0
MOE Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics, NJU, China 0
Department of Physics, NTU, Taiwan 0
Institute of Astronomy (IA), UNAM, Mexico 0
Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, Japan 0
Department of Astronomy, PKU, China 0
GRavitation and AstroParticle Physics Amsterdam (GRAPPA), UvA, Netherlands 0
Centro Astronómico de Yebes (CAY), IGN, Spain 0
Google Cambridge, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics, UCSB, United States of America (USA) 0
V. V. Sobolev Astronomical Institute, SPbU, Russia 0
Department of Astronomy, UTokyo, Japan 0
Department of Physics, UP, South Africa 0
Computational Physics and Methods (CCS-2), LANL, United States of America (USA) 0
Center for Theoretical Astrophysics, LANL, United States of America (USA) 0
Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center (HASC), HU, Japan 0
The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 0
Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Science (FRIS), Tohoku University, Japan 0
Academic Support Center, Kogakuin University, Japan 0
INFN Section in Napoli, Italy 0
Harvard Department of the History of Science, United States of America (USA) 0
School of Physics and Astronomy, RIT, United States of America (USA) 0
Center for Detectors (CfD), RIT, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics, UNINA, Italy 0
California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 0
Astronomical Observatory (OAUV), UV, Spain 0
Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, UV, Spain 0
Yunnan Observatories (YNAO), NAOC CAS, China 0
CAS Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects (KLSECO), YNAO CAS, China 0
Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering (ELE), Aalto University, Finland 0
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO), Netherlands 0
Center for Astronomical Mega-Science (CAMS), CAS, China 0
Gravity and the Extreme Universe Program, CIFAR, Canada 0
McGill Space Institute (MSI), McGill University, Canada 0
Department of Physics, McGill University, Canada 0
University of Massachusetts Boston (UMass Boston), United States of America (USA) 0
School of Astronomy and Space Science, UCAS, China 0
Department of Astronomy, Yonsei University, South Korea 0
Metsähovi Radio Observatory, Aalto University, Finland 0
WPI Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI Kavli IPMU), UTokyo, Japan 0
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada 0
Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, U of T, Canada 0
Department of Statistical Science, Sokendai, Japan 0
Institute of Statistical Mathematics (ISM), ROIS, Japan 0
Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics (CITA), U of T, Canada 0

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