miR‐200/375 control epithelial plasticity‐associated alternative splicing by repressing the RNA‐binding protein Quaking

Journal: The EMBO Journal

Published: 2018-06-05

DOI: 10.15252/embj.201899016

Affiliations: 8

Authors: 21

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Research Highlight

MicroRNAs leave cancer quaking

© KATERYNA KON/Science Photo Library/Getty

© KATERYNA KON/Science Photo Library/Getty

To prevent a cellular transition that promotes the spread of metastatic cancer, small regulatory RNA molecules are needed to quash the expression of a protein that would otherwise alter the processing of gene transcripts in a way that fuels tumour growth and aggressiveness.

A research team, led by scientists from the University of South Australia, searched for binding partners of a known tumour-suppressing short RNA called miR-200c. They found that the gene transcript encoding a protein called ‘Quaking’ was a direct target of this microRNA, and that miR-200c and another short regulatory RNA both suppressed the protein’s expression.

One particular form of Quaking normally stimulates metastasis in a range of cancers by modulating the splicing of coding and non-coding portions of numerous other genes. And both miR-200c and Quaking can alter the dynamic nature of structural filaments running through the cell to affect tumour spread.

Targeting this signalling pathway offering a promising strategy for limiting cancer progression.

Supported content

  1. The EMBO Journal 37, e99016 (2018). doi: 10.15252/embj.201899016
Institutions Share
Centre for Cancer Biology, Australia 0.67
The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 0.21
Australian Prostate Cancer Research Centre - Queensland (APCRC - Q), Australia 0.10
Flinders University, Australia 0.02