Excitation of GABAergic Neurons in the Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis Triggers Immediate Transition from Non-Rapid Eye Movement Sleep to Wakefulness in Mice

Journal: Journal of Neuroscience

Published: 2017-07-26

DOI: 10.1523/jneurosci.0245-17.2017

Affiliations: 4

Authors: 3

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Research Highlight

Why neuroses cause sleepless nights

© PhotoAlto/Frederic Cirou/PhotoAlto Agency RF Collections/Getty

© PhotoAlto/Frederic Cirou/PhotoAlto Agency RF Collections/Getty

The circuit behind a bad sleep has been found in the brain’s stress response centre.

Strong emotions such as anxiety can keep us awake at night, but the brain activity behind this stress-induced insomnia is unknown. A team including researchers from Kanazawa University studied the role of a region of the brain called the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (or ‘BNST’), which is linked to stress response, anxiety and fear.

When the team stimulated a group of neurons in the BNST of sleeping mice, the mice awoke immediately, with no evidence that orexin, a chemical typically responsible for wakefulness, had played a role. This indicated that when excited, the BNST neurons bypassed the normal reactions that control sleep and triggered arousal.

This study could help develop drugs for sleep disorders such as insomnia, the authors say.

Supported content

  1. Journal of Neuroscience 37, 7164-7176 (2017). doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0245-17.2017
Institutions Share
Graduate School of Medical Sciences, KU, Japan 0.53
Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan 0.19
International Institute for Integrative Sleep Medicine (WPI-IIIS), University of Tsukuba, Japan 0.19
Life Science Center for Survival Dynamics, Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance (LS-TARA Center), University of Tsukuba, Japan 0.08