Super-elasticity of three-dimensionally cross-linked graphene materials all the way to deep cryogenic temperatures

Journal: Science Advances

Published: 2019-04-01

DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav2589

Affiliations: 5

Authors: 10

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Research Highlight

Ultracool elasticity

© LAGUNA DESIGN/Getty

© LAGUNA DESIGN/Getty

A superelastic material that retains its elasticity down to just 4 degrees above absolute zero has been developed by a US−China team that included researchers at Nankai University.

Typical elastic materials made from flexible polymers lose their elasticity at about −55 degrees Celsius. But many applications require materials that remain elastic at much lower temperatures.

Carbon nanomaterials, such as single-atom-thick sheets of carbon called graphene, show exceptional flexibility at the nanoscale. However, these properties are usually lost when multiple graphene sheets are combined into a macroscale material.

The team has developed a new bulk form of graphene in which graphene sheets are bonded together with a network of covalent bonds, primarily at the edges of each sheet. This unique pattern of bonding enables this foam-like material to retain graphene’s superelasticity down to 4 kelvin, making it the first material to retain high elasticity at deep-cryogenic temperatures.

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  1. Science Advances 5, eaav2589 (2019). doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav2589
Institutions Share
Nankai University (NKU), China 0.60
Rice University, United States of America (USA) 0.20
MOE Key Laboratory of Functional Polymer Materials, NKU, China 0.20

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