Observation of Light-by-Light Scattering in Ultraperipheral Pb+Pb Collisions with the ATLAS Detector

Journal: Physical Review Letters

Published: 2019-07-31

DOI: 10.1103/physrevlett.123.052001

Affiliations: 249

Authors: 2929

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Institutions Share
European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 0.04
DESY Location Zeuthen, Germany 0.03
National Institute for Subatomic Physics (Nikhef), Netherlands 0.02
Institute of Physics (IPH), JGU, Germany 0.01
Institute of Physics, Uni Freiburg, Germany 0.01
Department of Physics, BNL, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Institute for Corpuscular Physics (IFIC), Spain 0.01
Laboratory of the Linear Accelerator (LAL), France 0.01
Institute of Physics (PI), Uni Bonn, Germany 0.01
Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP), Germany 0.01
Oxford Department of Physics, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 0.01
Département de Physique Nucléaire et Corpusculaire (DPNC), UNIGE, Switzerland 0.01
State Key Laboratory of Particle Detection and Electronics, China 0.01
II. Institute of Physics, University of Göttingen, Germany 0.01
Center for Particle Physics of Marseilles (CPPM), France 0.01
Department of Physics, U-M, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Faculty of Physics, LMU, Germany 0.01
Laboratory Nuclear and High-Energy Physics (LPNHE), France 0.01
School of Physics and Astronomy, UB, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
Department of Physics and Astronomy, UoM, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan 0.01
School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
Department of Physics, U of T, Canada 0.01
CEA Institute of Research into the Fundamental Laws of the Universe (IRFU), France 0.01
The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics (IFJ PAN), PAS, Poland 0.01
INFN Section in Bologna, Italy 0.01
Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
Institute for High Energy Physics (IFAE), BIST, Spain 0.01
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
UCL Department of Physics and Astronomy, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
Kirchhoff-Institute for Physics (KIP), Uni Heidelberg, Germany 0.01
Department of Physics, University of Wuppertal, Germany 0.01
Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), CAS, China 0.01
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Laboratoire d'Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique des Particules (LAPP), France 0.01
Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN HH), Romania 0.01
Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, WIS, Israel 0.01
Department of Physics, LU, Sweden 0.01
INFN Section in Roma, Italy 0.01
Faculty of Mathematics and Physics (FMP), CU, Czech Republic 0.01
Department of Physics, Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Penn, United States of America (USA) 0.01
STFC Department of Particle Physics, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
Niels Bohr Institute (NBI), UCPH, Denmark 0.01
Department of Physics, UIUC, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics (IKTP), TU Dresden, Germany 0.01
Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics (SCIPP), UCSC, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Oliver Lodge Laboratory, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
Institute for High Energy Physics (IHEP), NRCKI, Russia 0.01
Laboratory of Instrumentation and Experimental Particle Physics (LIP), Portugal 0.01
Institute of Physics (FZU), CAS, Czech Republic 0.01
Department of Physics, UW-Madison, United States of America (USA) 0.01
School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
UiO Department of Physics, Norway 0.01
Physics Division, LBNL, United States of America (USA) 0.01
University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 0.01
Department of Physics and Astronomy, UVic, Canada 0.01
Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCI, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Department of Physics, HU Berlin, Germany 0.01
Department of Physics, UMass Amherst, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Department of Physics and Astronomy (PA), MSU, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Department of Physics, Carleton University, Canada 0.01
School of Physics, AUTH, Greece 0.01
Oregon Center for High Energy Physics, UO, United States of America (USA) 0.01
School of Physics and Astronomy, QMUL, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
Enrico Fermi Institute (EFI), UChicago, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
Laboratoire de Physique de Clermont (LPC), France 0.01
Department of Physics, UTokyo, Japan 0.01
International Center for Elementary Particle Physics (ICEPP), UTokyo, Japan 0.01
INFN Section in Milano, Italy 0.01
Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology (SKLPPC), INPAC SJTU, China 0.01
Department of Physics, RHUL, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
School of Physics, UniMelb, Australia 0.01
High Energy Physics Division (HEP), ANL, United States of America (USA) 0
Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), France 0
Department of Physics, UW, United States of America (USA) 0
Raymond and Beverly Sackler School of Physics and Astronomy, TAU, Israel 0
Department of Physics, McGill University, Canada 0
Department of Physics and Astronomy, SUNY Stony Brook, United States of America (USA) 0
National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Russia 0
Nevis Laboratories, CU, United States of America (USA) 0
Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU), Czech Republic 0
Harvard Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology (LPPC), United States of America (USA) 0
Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science (FPACS), AGH, Poland 0
School of Physics, WITS, South Africa 0
Duke Department of Physics, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics, SMU, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 0
OU Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, United States of America (USA) 0
Arbeitsgruppe Experimentelle Physik IV, TU Dortmund, Germany 0
Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics (FMPI), UK, Slovakia 0
Department of Physics, IUB, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics, Arizona, United States of America (USA) 0
Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI), NRCKI, Russia 0
Novosibirsk State University (NSU), Russia 0
INFN Section in Napoli, Italy 0
UTA Department of Physics, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics and Astronomy, UBC, Canada 0
P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute (LPI), RAS, Russia 0
Martin A. Fisher School of Physics, Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 0
INFN Section in Genova, Italy 0
Group of Particle Physics (GPP), UdeM, Canada 0
Department of Physics, NTUA, Greece 0
Department of Physics, University of Siegen, Germany 0
INFN Section in Pavia, Italy 0
Department of Physics and Astronomy, UU, Sweden 0
Yale Department of Physics, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics, Stockholm University, Sweden 0
Department of Physics and Technology, UIB, Norway 0
Department of Physics, SFU, Canada 0
Faculty / Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Japan 0
INFN Section in Roma Tor Vergata, Italy 0
Institute for Physics, Uni Heidelberg, Germany 0
INFN Section in Pisa, Italy 0
INFN Frascati National Laboratory (LNF), Italy 0
The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Pitt, United States of America (USA) 0
Faculty of Science, Mohammed V University, Morocco 0
Department of Physics, IIT, Israel 0
Department of Physics, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 0
Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), MSU, Russia 0
NYU Department of Physics, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics, UTFSM, Chile 0
Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmoparticle Physics (OKC), Sweden 0
Joint Laboratory of Optics (JLO), Czech Republic 0
TRIUMF, Canada 0
Department of Physics, NIU, United States of America (USA) 0
Instituto de Física La Plata (IFLP CONICET-UNLP), Argentina 0
Department of Physics, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 0
INFN Section in Roma Tre, Italy 0
Department of Physics and Astronomy (DIFA), UNIBO, Italy 0
Department of Physics, Tokyo Tech, Japan 0
Department of Physics, Adelaide Uni, Australia 0
Centro Para la Investigación Avanzada en Física Fundamental (CIAFF), UAM, Spain 0
High Energy Physics Scientific-Research Institute (HEPI), TSU, Georgia 0
Department of Physics, BU, United States of America (USA) 0
Warwick Department of Physics, United Kingdom (UK) 0
Institute of Frontier and Interdisciplinary Science, SDU, China 0
MOE Key Laboratory of Particle Physics and Particle Irradiation, SDU, China 0
Department of Physics, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia 0
Kobayashi-Maskawa Institute for the Origin of Particles and the Universe (KMI), Nagoya University, Japan 0
Waseda University, Japan 0
Department of Physics, UNICAL, Italy 0
INFN Gruppo Collegato di Cosenza, Italy 0
Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Subnuclear Physics, SAS, Slovakia 0
Department of Physics, UT Austin, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics, UOA, Greece 0
Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taiwan 0
Department of Experimental Particle Physics (F9), IJS, Slovenia 0
Faculty of Physics and Astronomy, JMU, Germany 0
Faculty / Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Japan 0
Institute for Astro- and Particle Physics, LFU, Austria 0
G.I. Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics (INP), SB RAS, Russia 0
Department of Physics, CUHK, China 0
Department of Physics, UNINA, Italy 0
INFN Section in Lecce, Italy 0
Department of Physics, UNIPV, Italy 0
Department of Physics, NJU, China 0
Department of Physics, UNIMI, Italy 0
Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, Serbia 0
INFN Gruppo Collegato di Udine, Italy 0
A.I. Alikhanov Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP), NRCKI, Russia 0
Department of Physics (DIFI), University of Genova, Italy 0
Tufts Department of Physics and Astronomy, United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Physics, KTH, Sweden 0
Department of Physics, UBA, Argentina 0
Physics Institute (IF), UFRJ, Brazil 0
Department of Physics and Astronomy, York University, Canada 0
Department of Electrical Engineering (DEE), UFRJ, Brazil 0
Laboratory for High Energy Physics (LHEP), UniBE, Switzerland 0
Department of Physics, UNIPI, Italy 0
School of Physics, USYD, Australia 0
Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics (AEC), UniBE, Switzerland 0
Department of Mathematics and Physics, University of Roma Tre, Italy 0
Tomsk State University (TSU), Russia 0
Dipartimento Politecnico di Ingegneria e Architettura (DPIA), UNIUD, Italy 0
B.I. Stepanov Institute of Physics, NASB, Belarus 0
California State University, Fresno (Fresno State), United States of America (USA) 0
Faculty of Science Ain Chock, Morocco 0
Department of Physics, Tsinghua, China 0
Faculty of Engineering, UFJF, Brazil 0
II. Physics Institute, JLU, Germany 0
Department of Mechanical Engineering Science, UJ, South Africa 0
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 0
Institute of Physics, University of Tsukuba, Japan 0
Tomonaga Center for History of the Universe (TCHoU), University of Tsukuba, Japan 0
The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 0
Department of Mathematics and Physics, University of Salento, Italy 0
Department of Physics, U of A, Canada 0
Department of Physics, HKU, China 0
Department of Physics, NTHU, Taiwan 0
Department of Engineering Physics, GAUN, Turkey 0
Department of Physics, UT Dallas, United States of America (USA) 0
UCT Department of Physics, South Africa 0
Research Center for Advanced Particle Physics, Kyushu University, Japan 0
Department of Physics, Kyushu University, Japan 0
Department of Physics, BU, Turkey 0
UNM Department of Physics and Astronomy, United States of America (USA) 0
Graduate School / School of Science, Osaka University, Japan 0
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey 0
National Centre for Scientific Research 'Demokritos' (NCSR), Greece 0
Institute of Physics, PUC, Chile 0
Department of Physics, ULISBOA, Portugal 0
University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 0
Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias Básicas y Aplicadas, UAN, Colombia 0
Department of Physics, Ankara University, Turkey 0
Graduate School of Science, TMU, Japan 0
Tsung-Dao Lee Institute, SJTU, China 0
Facultad de Ciencias, UAN, Colombia 0
Elevter Andronikashvili Institute of Physics, TSU, Georgia 0
Department of Physics, SUNY Albany, United States of America (USA) 0
Physique Théorique des Particules and Modélisation (LPTPM), UMP, Morocco 0
Institute of Physics, ANAS, Azerbaijan 0
Trento Institute for Fundamental and Application Physics (TIFPA), Italy 0
Louisiana Tech University, United States of America (USA) 0
Istanbul Aydin University (IAU), Turkey 0
Institute of Physics (IF), USP, Brazil 0
Department of Physics, SU, Japan 0
High Energy Physics and Astrophysics Laboratory (LPHEA), UCA, Morocco 0
Nagasaki Institute of Applied Science, Japan 0
Transilvania University of Brașov (UniTBv), Romania 0
Marian Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, UJ, Poland 0
Department of Physics, UM, Portugal 0
Department of Physics, HKUST, China 0
Jockey Club Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), HKUST, China 0
Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 0
Federal University of São João del-Rei (UFSJ), Brazil 0
Kyoto University of Education, Japan 0
Faculty of Science and Letters, TOBB University of Economics and Technology, Turkey 0
West University of Timișoara (UVT), Romania 0
Centre de Calcul (CC), IN2P3 CNRS, France 0
Department of Physics and Technology of Isotopes, INCDTIM, Romania 0
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, BAU, Turkey 0
Faculty of Applied Information Science, Hiroshima Institute of Technology, Japan 0
Faculty of Science, Okayama University, Japan 0
Ochanomizu University, Japan 0
A. Alikhanyan National Laboratory (AANL) / Yerevan Physics Institute (YerPhi), Armenia 0
Research Institute of Nuclear Problems (INP), BSU, Belarus 0
Faculty of Physics, UAIC, Romania 0
Faculty of Sciences, UIT, Morocco 0
Department of Physics, UC, Portugal 0
Centro de Física Nuclear da Universidade de Lisboa (CFNUL), ULISBOA, Portugal 0
University of Granada (UGR), Spain 0

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