Bayesian inference reveals positive but subtle effects of experimental fishery closures on marine predator demographics

Journal: Proceedings of the Royal Society B

Published: 2018-01-31

DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2443

Affiliations: 14

Authors: 14

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Research Highlight

Fishing-free zones help penguin colonies

© Pal Teravagimov Photography/Moment/Getty

© Pal Teravagimov Photography/Moment/Getty

Overfishing small bait such as sardines and anchovies appears to have a negative impact on the penguins that depend on them for food, according to a study that found establishing no-fishing zones near penguin colonies led to a rise in population growth rates.

More and more of these ‘forage fish’ are being commercially fished, but was not clear what impact this increased harvest is having on the species that feed on the fish. British and South African researchers, including scientists from the University of Cape Town, set up an eight-year experiment where they established alternating no-fishing zones near two pairs of colonies of the endangered African penguin (Spheniscus demersus). 

They saw some improvements in chick survival and condition, but further modeling from the data suggested the no-fishing zones would lead to biologically significant increases in population growth in the penguin colonies. 

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  1. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 285, 20172443. (2018). doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2443
Institutions Share
UCT Department of Biological Sciences, South Africa 0.15
School of Biological Sciences, UoB, United Kingdom (UK) 0.14
Environment and Sustainability Institute (ESI), University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 0.11
DST-NRF Centre of Excellence for Biomedical Tuberculosis Research (CBTBR), South Africa 0.07
Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine (BAHCM), University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07
Institute for Coastal and Marine Research (CMR), NMU, South Africa 0.07
UCT Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, South Africa 0.07
BirdLife South Africa, South Africa 0.07
South Africa Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF), South Africa 0.07
UCT Marine Research Institute (MA-RE), South Africa 0.06
H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory, UoB, United Kingdom (UK) 0.04
Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries (DEFF), South Africa 0.04
RSPB Centre for Conservation Science, United Kingdom (UK) 0.04