Depletion layer dynamics of polyelectrolyte solutions under Poiseuille flow.

Research Highlight

Nanolayer between polymer-containing liquid and pipe visualized for first time

© Dhita Adiati/EyeEm/Getty

© Dhita Adiati/EyeEm/Getty

An ultrathin layer that causes polymer-containing liquids to flow faster than expected in pipes has been directly observed for the first time.

Almost a century ago, scientists discovered that liquids containing small amounts of large-molecule polymers flow through pipes faster than expected. This phenomenon has been explained by the formation of a very thin layer between the pipe and the liquid. But this layer, which has a lower polymer concentration than the rest of the liquid, is so thin that no-one had been able to image it until now.

Now, three researchers from the Institute for Basic Science in Korea have used a super-resolution microscopy technique to image this layer in microchannels. From their measurements, they could determine the layer’s composition and thickness — typically a few hundred nanometres.

This advance will help scientists better understand how fluids behave under turbulent conditions and in nanofluidic devices.

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  1. PNAS 116, 16256–16261 (2019). doi: 10.1073/pnas.1900623116
Institutions Share
Center for Soft and Living Matter, IBS, South Korea 1

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