Evidence of strain structure in Plasmodium falciparum vargene repertoires in children from Gabon, West Africa

Research Highlight

Genetic fingerprints reveal killer disguise

© MedicalRF.com/Getty

© MedicalRF.com/Getty

The deadliest malaria parasite’s immense genetic diversity helps it hide from the human immune system.

Humans cannot develop immunity to malaria, even after repeated exposure. A team including researchers from the University of Melbourne took blood samples from more than 600 children in Bakoumba, Gabon, where malaria is prevalent. They created a genetic fingerprint of each Plasmodium falciparum — the parasite that causes almost all malaria deaths — found in the blood, defined by their var genes. These genes encode proteins that coat infected red blood cells and hide the parasite from the immune system. Every parasite can choose its ‘disguise’ from a repertoire of 60 var genes, but the team discovered that every child had parasites with a different repertoire, with very little overlap.

“This structure allows each parasite to look different to the immune system, and provides the possibility for the malaria parasite to keep re-infecting the same people,” said Karen Day of the University of Melbourne in a statement.

These findings explain why vaccinating against malaria is such a challenge. The authors highlight the need for further research into reducing the genetic diversity of malaria.

Supported content

  1. PNAS 114, E4103–E4111 (2017). doi: 10.1073/pnas.1613018114
Institutions Share
NYU Department of Microbiology, United States of America (USA) 0.23
School of BioSciences, UniMelb, Australia 0.14
Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 0.14
UFR de Pharmacie, Université de Paris, France 0.14
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (EEB), U-M, United States of America (USA) 0.09
Department of Ecology and Evolution (E&E), UChicago, United States of America (USA) 0.09
Department of Theoretical and Computational Ecology (IBED-TCE), UvA, Netherlands 0.05
Infectious Diseases and Vectors : Ecology, Genetics, Evolution and Control (MIVEGEC), France 0.05
Department of Medicine, NYMC, United States of America (USA) 0.05
Santa Fe Institute (SFI), United States of America (USA) 0.05