Climate velocity reveals increasing exposure of deep-ocean biodiversity to future warming

Journal: Nature Climate Change

Published: 2020-05-25

DOI: 10.1038/s41558-020-0773-5

Affiliations: 14

Authors: 10

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Research Highlight

No cool refuge for deep-sea life

© Arctic-Images/Getty

© Arctic-Images/Getty

Deep-sea creatures could be more vulnerable to global warming than previously thought.

Temperatures are rising faster at the sea surface than in the darkest depths, suggesting that deep-ocean life will be largely unaffected by climate change.

Now, a team led by researchers from the University of Queensland has used climate models to calculate the speed and direction of temperature changes (climate velocity) at different ocean depths over the last 50 years, and for the rest of this century under different climate-change scenarios.

The team compared their findings to the thermal ranges of 20,000 marine species to assess how they respond to shifts in their comfort zone. Under controlled greenhouse-gas emissions, climate velocity below 4,000 metres could become 5.5 times faster than at the surface by 2100, leaving little time for deep-sea communities to adapt or move.

Limiting deep-sea fishing and mining could be one step towards increasing ecosystem resilience all depths, the researchers say.

Supported content

  1. Nature Climate Change 10, 576–581 (2020). doi: 10.1038/s41558-020-0773-5
Institutions Share
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences (SEES), UQ, Australia 0.20
CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Australia 0.10
Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.10
Abteilung für Biometrie und Umweltsystemanalyse, Uni Freiburg, Germany 0.10
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR), Germany 0.10
School of Science and Engineering, USC, Australia 0.05
Faculty of Science, NMU, South Africa 0.05
Faculty of Science, UQ, Australia 0.05
Quantitative Aquatics, Inc. (Q-quatics), Philippines 0.05
International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines 0.05
Centre for Applications in Natural Resource Mathematics (CARM), UQ, Australia 0.05
Arctic Research Centre (ARC), Hokkaido University, Japan 0.03
Global Institution for Collaborative Research and Education (GI-CoRE), Hokkaido University, Japan 0.03
Graduate School of Environmental Science (GSEES), Hokkaido University, Japan 0.03