Enhanced production of multi-strange hadrons in high-multiplicity proton-proton collisions

Journal: Nature Physics

Published: 2017-04-24

DOI: 10.1038/nphys4111

Affiliations: 152

Authors: 1003

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Research Highlight

Straining a strange soup for lessons on our Universe

© Science Photo Library - MEHAU KULYK/Getty Images

© Science Photo Library - MEHAU KULYK/Getty Images

Scientists have used collisions between protons to investigate strange hadrons, whose formation may provide deeper insights into the origins of our Universe, according to a study published in Nature Physics.

A few billionths of a second after the Big Bang, an extremely hot and dense primordial ‘soup’ formed from freely roaming quarks and gluons, the fundamental building blocks of the Universe. By studying the properties of this soup, known as a quark-gluon plasma, scientists can gain a better understanding into the origins of our Universe.

Using data from the ALICE detector at the Large Hadron Collider, an international team of physicists, including researchers from the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, have observed for the first time the enhanced formation of strange hadrons, particles that contain at least one strange quark, which are indicative of the formation of the quark-gluon plasma, opening up a new way to study the origins of our Universe.

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  1. Nature Physics 13, 535–539 (2017). doi: 10.1038/nphys4111
Institutions FC WFC
European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 0.06 0.06
ExtreMe Matter Institute (EMMI), Germany 0.03 0.03
Institute for Nuclear Physics, GU, Germany 0.03 0.03
National Institute for Subatomic Physics (Nikhef), Netherlands 0.02 0.02
Institute for Physics, Uni Heidelberg, Germany 0.02 0.02
Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC), India 0.02 0.02
INFN Section in Torino, Italy 0.02 0.02
Institute for Nuclear Research (INR), RAS, Russia 0.02 0.02
Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 0.02 0.02
Yale University, United States of America (USA) 0.01 0.01
University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 0.01 0.01
INFN Section in Bologna, Italy 0.01 0.01
SUBATECH, France 0.01 0.01
UiO Department of Physics, Norway 0.01 0.01
Department of Physics and Electronics, University of Jammu, India 0.01 0.01
Department of Physics and Technology, UIB, Norway 0.01 0.01
Institut für Kernphysik (IKP), WWU, Germany 0.01 0.01
Wigner Research Centre for Physics (Wigner RCP), HAS, Hungary 0.01 0.01
Niels Bohr Institute (NBI), UCPH, Denmark 0.01 0.01
Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), France 0.01 0.01
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 0.01 0.01
National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 0.01 0.01
Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP), Mexico 0.01 0.01
The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics (IFJ PAN), PAS, Poland 0.01 0.01
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 0.01 0.01
Warsaw University of Technology (WUT), Poland 0.01 0.01
School of Physics and Astronomy, UB, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.01
University of Tsukuba, Japan 0.01 0.01
INFN Section in Bari, Italy 0.01 0.01
INFN Frascati National Laboratory (LNF), Italy 0.01 0.01
INFN Section in Padova, Italy 0.01 0.01
University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 0.01 0.01
Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI), NRCKI, Russia 0.01 0.01
Russian Federal Nuclear Center (RFNC-VNIIEF), Russia 0.01 0.01
Institute of Space Science (ISS), Romania 0.01 0.01
Wayne State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 0.01 0.01
National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Russia 0.01 0.01
Department of Physics, UNITO, Italy 0.01 0.01
Yonsei University, South Korea 0.01 0.01
Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN HH), Romania 0.01 0.01
V.A. Fock Institute of Physics, SPbU, Russia 0.01 0.01
Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), France 0.01 0.01
The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 0.01 0.01
University of Jyväskylä, Finland 0.01 0.01
Nuclear Physics Institute (UJF), ASCR, Czech Republic 0.01 0.01
Institute for High Energy Physics (IHEP), NRCKI, Russia 0.01 0.01
Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering (FNSPE), CTU, Czech Republic 0.01 0.01
A.I. Alikhanov Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP), NRCKI, Russia 0.01 0.01
The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 0.01 0.01
Institute of Physics, UNAM, Mexico 0.01 0.01
Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, NASU, Ukraine 0.01 0.01
CEA Institute of Research into the Fundamental Laws of the Universe (IRFU), France 0.01 0.01
National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), Poland 0.01 0.01
Division of Experimental High Energy Physics (HEP), LU, Sweden 0.01 0.01
Department of Physics, AMU, India 0.01 0.01
INFN Section in Trieste, Italy 0.01 0.01
Institute of Experimental Physics, SAS, Slovakia 0.01 0.01
NRF iThemba Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences (IThemba Labs), South Africa 0.01 0.01
Institute of Nuclear Physics of Lyon (IPNL), France 0.01 0.01
Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), India 0.01 0.01
Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 0.01 0.01
Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics (FMPI), UK, Slovakia 0.01 0.01
Institute of Nuclear Physics of Orsay (IPNO), France 0.01 0.01
Indian Institute of Technology Indore (IIT Indore), India 0.01 0.01
Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), France 0.01 0.01
INFN Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Italy 0.01 0.01
INFN Section in Cagliari, Italy 0.01 0.01
Technical University of Košice (TUKE), Slovakia 0.01 0.01
Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology (CIEMAT), Spain 0.01 0.01
Center for Astroparticle Physics and Space Science (CAPSS), Bose Institute, India 0.01 0.01
Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS), Germany 0.01 0.01
Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 0.01 0.01
Department of Physics, PU, India 0 0
Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP), Finland 0 0
Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, UNAM, Mexico 0 0
COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Pakistan 0 0
Institut für Informatik, GU, Germany 0 0
OSU Department of Physics, United States of America (USA) 0 0
University of Zagreb, Croatia 0 0
Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 0 0
Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India 0 0
TUM Cluster of Excellence - Origin and Structure of the Universe (Excellence Cluster Universe), Germany 0 0
Department of Physics and Astronomy (DIFA), UNIBO, Italy 0 0
INFN Section in Catania, Italy 0 0
National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), India 0 0
Department of Physics and Astronomy (DFA), UNIPD, Italy 0 0
Department of Physics, UT Austin, United States of America (USA) 0 0
Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica "Michelangelo Merlin", Italy 0 0
TUM Department of Physics, Germany 0 0
UCT Department of Physics, South Africa 0 0
Inha University, South Korea 0 0
University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 0 0
Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute (CINVESTAV), Mexico 0 0
State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil 0 0
Autonomous University of Sinaloa (UAS), Mexico 0 0
Faculty of Science, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, Slovakia 0 0
Department of Physics, UOA, Greece 0 0
Faculty of Engineering and Business Administration, HiB, Norway 0 0
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 0 0
Department of Physics, Gauhati University, India 0 0
Department of Physics, UNITS, Italy 0 0
Department of Physics, UNICA, Italy 0 0
KTO Karatay University, Turkey 0 0
Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture (FESB), University of Split, Croatia 0 0
INFN Gruppo Collegato di Alessandria, Italy 0 0
Stefan Meyer Institute (SMI), ÖAW, Austria 0 0
University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 0 0
Sección Física, PUCP, Peru 0 0
Il Museo della fisica e il Centro studi e ricerche Enrico Fermi (Centro Fermi), Italy 0 0
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Catania, Italy 0 0
Centro de Aplicaciones Tecnológicas y Desarrollo Nuclear (CEADEN), Cuba 0 0
Suranaree University of Technology (SUT), Thailand 0 0
A. Alikhanyan National Laboratory (AANL) / Yerevan Physics Institute (YerPhi), Armenia 0 0
Department of Physics, University of Rajasthan, India 0 0
Department of Physics, Creighton University, United States of America (USA) 0 0
Konkuk University, South Korea 0 0
Institute of Physics (FZU), ASCR, Czech Republic 0 0
Chicago State University (CSU), United States of America (USA) 0 0
Gangneung-Wonju National University (GWNU), South Korea 0 0
Faculty of Technology and Maritime Sciences, HBV, Norway 0 0
Department of Physics, Sejong University, South Korea 0 0
STFC Daresbury Laboratory, United Kingdom (UK) 0 0
INFN Section in Roma, Italy 0 0
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (Wits University), South Africa 0 0
G.I. Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics (INP), SB RAS, Russia 0 0
California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), United States of America (USA) 0 0
Centre de Calcul (CC), IN2P3 CNRS, France 0 0
China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE), China 0 0
University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 0 0
Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 0 0
Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 0 0
Helmholtz Institute for Radiation and Nuclear Physics (HISKP), Uni Bonn, Germany 0 0
Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Indonesia 0 0
Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information (KISTI), South Korea 0 0
INFN Legnaro National Laboratory (LNL), Italy 0 0
Center for Technology Transfer and Telecommunications (ZTT), University of Applied Sciences Worms, Germany 0 0
Department of Applied Science and Technology (DISAT), Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 0 0
Department of Physics, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 0 0
USC Department of Particle Physics, Spain 0 0
USC Galician Institute of High Energy Physics (IGFAE), Spain 0 0
Nagasaki Institute of Applied Science, Japan 0 0

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