Enhanced production of multi-strange hadrons in high-multiplicity proton-proton collisions

Journal: Nature Physics

Published: 2017-04-24

DOI: 10.1038/nphys4111

Affiliations: 152

Authors: 1003

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Research Highlight

Straining a strange soup for lessons on our Universe

© Science Photo Library - MEHAU KULYK/Getty Images

© Science Photo Library - MEHAU KULYK/Getty Images

Scientists have used collisions between protons to investigate strange hadrons, whose formation may provide deeper insights into the origins of our Universe, according to a study published in Nature Physics.

A few billionths of a second after the Big Bang, an extremely hot and dense primordial ‘soup’ formed from freely roaming quarks and gluons, the fundamental building blocks of the Universe. By studying the properties of this soup, known as a quark-gluon plasma, scientists can gain a better understanding into the origins of our Universe.

Using data from the ALICE detector at the Large Hadron Collider, an international team of physicists, including researchers from the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, have observed for the first time the enhanced formation of strange hadrons, particles that contain at least one strange quark, which are indicative of the formation of the quark-gluon plasma, opening up a new way to study the origins of our Universe.

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  1. Nature Physics 13, 535–539 (2017). doi: 10.1038/nphys4111
Institutions Share
European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 0.06
Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 0.04
ExtreMe Matter Institute (EMMI), Germany 0.03
National Institute for Subatomic Physics (Nikhef), Netherlands 0.02
Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 0.02
Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC), India 0.02
INFN Section in Torino, Italy 0.02
Institute for Nuclear Research (INR), RAS, Russia 0.02
Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 0.02
Yale University, United States of America (USA) 0.01
University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 0.01
INFN Section in Bologna, Italy 0.01
SUBATECH, France 0.01
University of Jammu, India 0.01
University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 0.01
University of Münster (WWU), Germany 0.01
National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 0.01
University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 0.01
University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 0.01
Wigner Research Centre for Physics (Wigner RCP), HAS, Hungary 0.01
Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP), Mexico 0.01
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 0.01
Laboratoire de Physique de Clermont (LPC), France 0.01
National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 0.01
The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics (IFJ PAN), PAS, Poland 0.01
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 0.01
University of Tsukuba, Japan 0.01
Warsaw University of Technology (WUT), Poland 0.01
University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01
INFN Section in Bari, Italy 0.01
INFN Section in Padova, Italy 0.01
INFN Frascati National Laboratory (LNF), Italy 0.01
University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 0.01
Russian Federal Nuclear Center - All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (RFNC-VNIIEF), Russia 0.01
Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 0.01
Institute of Space Science (ISS), Romania 0.01
Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI), NRCKI, Russia 0.01
National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Russia 0.01
University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 0.01
University of Jyväskylä, Finland 0.01
Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU), Czech Republic 0.01
Nuclear Physics Institute (UJF), CAS, Czech Republic 0.01
A. A. Logunov Institute for High Energy Physics (IHEP), NRCKI, Russia 0.01
Yonsei University, South Korea 0.01
Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), France 0.01
The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 0.01
Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 0.01
Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN HH), Romania 0.01
Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, NASU, Ukraine 0.01
CEA Institute of Research into the Fundamental Laws of the Universe (IRFU), France 0.01
The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 0.01
A.I. Alikhanov Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP), NRCKI, Russia 0.01
Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), India 0.01
Lund University (LU), Sweden 0.01
INFN Section in Trieste, Italy 0.01
National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), Poland 0.01
Institute of Experimental Physics, SAS, Slovakia 0.01
NRF iThemba Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences (IThemba Labs), South Africa 0.01
Institute of Nuclear Physics of Orsay (IPNO), France 0.01
INFN Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Italy 0.01
Indian Institute of Technology Indore (IIT Indore), India 0.01
Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 0.01
Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), France 0.01
Comenius University in Bratislava (UK), Slovakia 0.01
Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), India 0.01
INFN Section in Cagliari, Italy 0.01
Institute of Nuclear Physics of Lyon (IPNL), France 0.01
Technical University of Košice (TUKE), Slovakia 0.01
Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology (CIEMAT), Spain 0.01
Bose Institute, India 0.01
Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS), Germany 0.01
Panjab University (PU), India 0
Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP), Finland 0
Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India 0
COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Pakistan 0
Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 0
The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 0
University of Zagreb, Croatia 0
TUM Cluster of Excellence - Origin and Structure of the Universe (Excellence Cluster Universe), Germany 0
University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 0
INFN Section in Catania, Italy 0
The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 0
National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), India 0
University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 0
Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica "Michelangelo Merlin", Italy 0
Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 0
Autonomous University of Sinaloa (UAS), Mexico 0
State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil 0
University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 0
Inha University, South Korea 0
Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute (CINVESTAV), Mexico 0
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (UOA), Greece 0
University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa 0
Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice (UPJŠ), Slovakia 0
Bergen University College (HiB), Norway 0
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 0
Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP), Peru 0
Stefan Meyer Institute for Subatomic Physics (SMI), ÖAW, Austria 0
University of Split, Croatia 0
KTO Karatay University, Turkey 0
University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 0
Gauhati University, India 0
INFN Gruppo Collegato di Alessandria, Italy 0
University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 0
University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 0
Il Museo della Fisica e il Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi (Centro Fermi), Italy 0
University of Catania, Italy 0
Centro de Aplicaciones Tecnológicas y Desarrollo Nuclear (CEADEN), Cuba 0
Suranaree University of Technology (SUT), Thailand 0
A. Alikhanyan National Laboratory (AANL) / Yerevan Physics Institute (YerPhi), Armenia 0
Institute of Physics (FZU), CAS, Czech Republic 0
Buskerud and Vestfold University College (HBV), Norway 0
University of Rajasthan, India 0
Creighton University, United States of America (USA) 0
Konkuk University, South Korea 0
Chicago State University (CSU), United States of America (USA) 0
Gangneung-Wonju National University (GWNU), South Korea 0
Sejong University, South Korea 0
STFC Daresbury Laboratory, United Kingdom (UK) 0
INFN Section in Roma, Italy 0
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (Wits University), South Africa 0
University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 0
G.I. Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics (INP), SB RAS, Russia 0
California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), United States of America (USA) 0
National Institute of Nuclear Physics and Particle Physics (IN2P3), CNRS, France 0
China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE), China 0
University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 0
Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 0
Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 0
University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 0
Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Indonesia 0
Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information (KISTI), South Korea 0
INFN Legnaro National Laboratory (LNL), Italy 0
University of Applied Sciences Worms, Germany 0
Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 0
Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 0
Nagasaki Institute of Applied Science, Japan 0