Recycling of subducted crustal components into carbonatite melts revealed by boron isotopes

Journal: Nature Geoscience

Published: 2016-11-07

DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2831

Affiliations: 3

Authors: 4

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Research Highlight

How Earth reuses its carbon

© Martin Jahr/EyeEm/Getty

© Martin Jahr/EyeEm/Getty

The carbon in Earth’s mantle – the source of graphite and diamonds – has had many sources over the history of our planet, a study published in Nature Geoscience suggests.

A team of US scientists, including a researcher from the City University of New York, analyzed samples of carbonatite, a rare type of carbon-rich rock that forms in magma, aged between 40 million and 2.6 billion years, and collected from different locations around the world.

The scientists analyzed the ratios of boron isotopes inside the carbonatite and discovered that these ratios varied depending on geological age — younger samples had higher boron isotope levels and older samples had lower levels — indicating that their carbon source also varied.

The researchers propose that during the last two billion years of Earth’s existence, as tectonic plates went under each other, a cooling mantle allowed more of Earth’s crust to penetrate deeper into the mantle. This may have stored the crust’s recycled carbon as deep as the core-mantle boundary, they say.

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  1. Nature Geoscience 9, 904–909 (2016). doi: 10.1038/ngeo2831
Institutions Share
University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 0.50
State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 0.25
Queens College of City University of New York (CUNY Queens College), United States of America (USA) 0.25