The genome sequence of allopolyploid Brassica juncea and analysis of differential homoeolog gene expression influencing selection

Journal: Nature Genetics

Published: 2016-09-05

DOI: 10.1038/ng.3657

Affiliations: 11

Authors: 21

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Research Highlight

Genes reveal the history of mustard greens

© Ryoji Yoshimoto/Aflo/Getty

© Ryoji Yoshimoto/Aflo/Getty

The recently mapped genome sequence of the vegetable crop Brassica juncea — better known as Chinese mustard — will enable the engineering of the staple to produce larger yields of hardier, more nutritious, and disease resistant plants.

A China-led team, including researchers from the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), decoded the genetic map of Chinese mustard, which arose through natural hybridization between Chinese cabbage and black mustard, two other members of the Brassica genus. As they report in Nature Genetics, analyses of the sequence from the plant’s 36 chromosomes revealed that corresponding genes from the Chinese mustard’s two ancestral lineages evolved and diversified to produce the assorted varieties in use today for vegetable and oilseed production.

The sequence is publicly available on the Brassica Database website maintained by CAAS.

Supported content

  1. Nature Genetics 48, 1225–1232 (2016). doi: 10.1038/ng.3657
Institutions Share
Biomarker Technologies Corporation, China 0.43
Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 0.24
Institute of Vegetables and Flowers (IVF), CAAS, China 0.10
The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 0.05
University of Delhi (DU), India 0.05
Tibet University, China 0.05
Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences (BAAFS), China 0.05
University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 0.05