Structural basis for perception of diverse chemical substances by T1r taste receptors

Journal: Nature Communications

Published: 2017-05-23

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15530

Affiliations: 8

Authors: 12

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Research Highlight

A palette of flavours for one taste receptor complex

© PeopleImage/DigitalVision/Getty

© PeopleImage/DigitalVision/Getty

How can the tongue detect so many flavours with so few molecular receptors in the taste buds? A structural analysis suggests this sensory diversity is achieved because of the way water gets structured around flavour molecules, allowing many different compounds to stimulate the same complex of taste receptors.

A team in Japan, led by researchers from Okayama University, determined the atomic structure of the protein complex formed between two interlocked taste receptors. They showed that the three-dimensional shape of the complex was fairly consistent, regardless of what amino acid bound it. However, different amino acids patterned the surrounding water molecules in different ways — which helps explain how so many varied flavour molecules can dock at one site.

The researchers studied the protein complex from the medaka fish (Oryzias latipes), yet because the taste receptor proteins are found throughout the animal kingdom, the results should be applicable to human taste sensation as well.

Supported content

  1. Nature Communications 8, 15530 (2017). doi: 10.1038/ncomms15530
Institutions FC WFC
Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, Japan 0.42 0.42
RIKEN SPring-8 Center (RSC), Japan 0.17 0.17
Graduate School of Medicine / School of Medicine, Tohoku University, Japan 0.13 0.13
NARO National Food Research Institute (NFRI), Japan 0.08 0.08
Institute for Protein Research (IPR), Osaka University, Japan 0.08 0.08
Research Center of Integrative Molecular Systems (CIMoS), NINS, Japan 0.04 0.04
Department of Functional Molecular Science, Sokendai, Japan 0.04 0.04
New Industry Creation Hatchery Center (NICHe), Tohoku University, Japan 0.04 0.04