A General Approach to Free-Standing Nanoassemblies via Acoustic Levitation Self-Assembly

Journal: ACS Nano

Published: 2019-05-28

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.8b09628

Affiliations: 3

Authors: 7

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Research Highlight

Levitating liquid reaction vessels

© Jose A. Bernat Bacete/Getty

© Jose A. Bernat Bacete/Getty

Liquid droplets suspended in mid-air using sound waves could provide the ideal environment for creating self-assembling nanomaterials.

The interface between a liquid and air can be an ideal medium for self-assembling nanomaterials to form regular monolayered structures. However, in a conventional reaction flask, the liquid surface meets the side of the flask, which introduces solid–liquid and solid–air interfaces that disrupt nanostructure formation.

A team that included researchers from Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU) in China have used acoustic levitation to suspend droplets in mid-air, forming an uninterrupted air–liquid interface for nanomaterial self-assembly.

By varying the conditions, the team could make nanoassemblies consisting of one, two or three layers, and even three-dimensional hollow nanoassemblies.

The technique is promising for creating programmed nanoassemblies from a wide range of materials, from quantum dots to graphene, the researchers say.

Supported content

  1. ACS Nano 13, 5243–5250 (2019). doi: 10.1021/acsnano.8b09628
Institutions Share
Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 0.43
Monash University, Australia 0.29
ANFF Melbourne Centre for Nanofabrication (MCN), Australia 0.29