Suppressing Dendritic Lithium Formation Using Porous Media in Lithium Metal-Based Batteries

Journal: Nano Letters

Published: 2018-03-14

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b00183

Affiliations: 7

Authors: 13

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Research Highlight

The tortuous path to better lithium batteries

© NurPhoto/Getty

© NurPhoto/Getty

High-performance rechargeable batteries made from pure lithium metal and having an unprecedented energy-storage capacity could be realized based on the findings of a study by an international team that includes Northwestern Polytechnical University researchers.

To maximize energy capacity and minimize weight, lithium-ion batteries would ideally have an anode of pure lithium metal. But as the battery is repeatedly charged and discharged, needle-like structures called dendrites grow from the lithium surface that would ultimately short-circuit the battery. Today’s lithium-ion batteries thus store lithium ions within layers of graphite at the anode. But incorporating graphene reduces battery capacity and adds weight.

The researchers have combined experiment and simulation to analyse the fundamental mechanisms of dendrite growth, to look for new ways of suppressing dendrites. They showed that the more tortuous a path the lithium ions had to travel through the battery, the fewer dendrites formed. Batteries that incorporate porous media that force lithium ions along longer pathways are a promising avenue for improving the performance of lithium-metal batteries, the researchers say.

Supported content

  1. Nano Letters 18, 2067–2073 (2018). doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b00183
Institutions Share
State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing, NPU, China 0.29
Shaanxi Joint Key Laboratory of Graphene, China 0.29
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (MAE), USU, United States of America (USA) 0.15
Department of Mechanical Engineering, BU, United States of America (USA) 0.12
School of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, CQUST, China 0.08
College of Mechatronics and Control Engineering, SZU, China 0.04
Department of Mechanical Engineering, UD, United States of America (USA) 0.03