2021 tables: Institutions - NPO/NGO

Table criteria

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

2020 Institution Share 2019 Share 2020
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 767.84 794.62
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 489.43 580.16
3 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 197.50 236.51
4 Leibniz Association, Germany 200.83 199.01
5 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 119.60 119.40
6 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 104.17 100.43
7 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 52.15 58.84
8 Pasteur Institute, France 34.53 48.22
9 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 42.95 46.41
10 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 40.66 45.44
11 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 42.47 45.09
12 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 41.72 44.44
13 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 39.77 37.45
14 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 46.31 34.10
15 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 44.27 29.35
16 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 36.93 29.12
17 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 36.66 28.20
18 Simons Foundation, United States of America (USA) 18.97 26.92
19 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 20.74 26.35
20 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 24.12 25.99
21 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 19.04 23.49
22 The Jackson Laboratory (JAX), United States of America (USA) 15.20 21.60
23 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 20.56 20.62
24 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 18.77 20.22
25 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 22.38 18.67
26 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 19.51 18.45
27 Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), China 11.98 17.51
28 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 17.79 17.04
29 Stowers Institute for Medical Research, United States of America (USA) 14.83 16.54
30 Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), United States of America (USA) 12.20 15.80
31 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 12.01 15.04
32 Chan Zuckerberg Biohub (CZ Biohub), United States of America (USA) 8.59 14.73
33 Ames Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 12.81 14.51
34 Curie Institute, France 19.41 14.33
35 Oncode Institute, Netherlands 14.82 13.43
36 Van Andel Research Institute (VAI), United States of America (USA) 11.13 12.53
37 QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Australia 9.87 12.29
38 Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (WEHI), Australia 8.52 12.29
39 Allen Institute, United States of America (USA) 10.40 12.18
40 La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI), United States of America (USA) 13.35 11.31
41 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 12.69 11.30
42 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 10.89 11.21
43 The Wistar Institute, United States of America (USA) 13.00 11.19
44 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 9.69 10.89
45 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 7.03 10.66
46 California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3), United States of America (USA) 11.92 10.51
47 Gladstone Institutes, United States of America (USA) 11.94 10.29
48 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 4.99 10.21
49 Universities Space Research Association (USRA), United States of America (USA) 5.11 10.16
50 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 6.88 10.13
51 Cluster of Excellence - Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (CFAED), TU Dresden, Germany 9.71 10.03
52 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 7.71 9.09
53 Institute for Systems Biology (ISB), United States of America (USA) 3.36 8.84
54 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 8.87 8.74
55 Cluster of Excellence - Munich Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CiPS-M), LMU, Germany 14.13 8.56
56 Cluster of Excellence - Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD), UoC, Germany 6.36 8.38
57 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 9.82 8.35
58 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 9.04 7.81
59 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 5.40 7.73
60 Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Australia 7.44 7.72
61 Ludwig Cancer Research, United States of America (USA) 12.79 7.49
62 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria 7.55 6.95
63 Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), UChicago, United States of America (USA) 6.94 6.91
64 Santa Fe Institute (SFI), United States of America (USA) 4.53 6.87
65 Institute of Microbial Chemistry (IMC), Japan 9.88 6.71
66 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 10.44 6.59
67 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 8.34 6.50
68 VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Finland 7.21 6.41
69 Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities, Germany 4.40 6.38
70 Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, United States of America (USA) 4.59 6.30
71 World Health Organization (WHO), Switzerland 4.76 6.19
72 Telethon Foundation, Italy 6.22 6.10
73 Buck Institute for Research on Aging, United States of America (USA) 3.22 6.08
74 Canadian Light Source Inc., Canada 3.65 5.82
75 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 5.96 5.76
76 Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (inStem), India 3.61 5.72
77 Center for Scientific Studies (CECs), Chile 5.36 5.65
78 Ligue Contre Le Cancer, France 2.90 5.65
79 Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), United States of America (USA) 4.80 5.43
80 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 4.45 5.34
81 Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (OMRF), United States of America (USA) 4.25 5.24
82 American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), United States of America (USA) 6.58 5.08
83 The Aerospace Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.74 5.03
84 European X-ray Free-Electron Laser Facility GmbH (XFEL), Germany 2.77 4.90
85 Cluster of Excellence - Werner Reichardt Centre for Integrative Neuroscience (CIN), Uni Tübingen, Germany 3.92 4.77
86 Chang Gung Medical Foundation, Taiwan 2.21 4.69
87 European Magnetic Field Laboratory (EMFL), Germany 3.40 4.60
88 Raman Research Institute (RRI), India 0.77 4.60
89 Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR), Germany 3.64 4.50
90 Clinical Research Institute of Montreal (IRCM), Canada 7.05 4.36
91 Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR), Canada 4.49 4.34
92 National Health Research Institutes (NHRI), Taiwan 3.55 4.23
93 Bruno Kessler Foundation (FBK), Italy 2.64 4.20
94 UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, India 2.96 4.13
95 Kawasaki Institute of Industry Promotion, Japan 1.87 4.11
96 Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India 2.19 4.11
97 Wetsus Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Netherlands 3.38 4.02
98 Spintronics Research Network of Japan (Spin-RnJ), Japan 3.50 3.98
99 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 5.42 3.90
100 Lieber Institute for Brain Development (LIBD), United States of America (USA) 3.96 3.89

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.