2021 tables: Institutions - corporate

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 30.65 32.40 81 1.9%
2 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 31.31 30.07 87 -7.4%
3 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 20.71 26.61 80 23.9%
4 Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS), United States of America (USA) 15.49 18.84 54 17.3%
5 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 17.67 18.40 65 0.4%
6 Johnson & Johnson, United States of America (USA) 15.50 14.88 60 -7.4%
7 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 5.35 13.98 30 151.8%
8 Amgen Inc., United States of America (USA) 12.62 13.30 50 1.6%
9 Microsoft Corporation, United States of America (USA) 9.50 11.18 48 13.4%
10 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., United States of America (USA) 8.87 9.64 60 4.8%
11 Bruker Corporation, United States of America (USA) 5.96 9.59 53 55.1%
12 Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil), United States of America (USA) 7.27 8.77 32 16.3%
13 Eli Lilly and Company, United States of America (USA) 7.62 8.38 39 6.1%
14 Leidos Holdings, Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.19 7.62 97 2.1%
15 AbbVie Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.88 7.27 26 -11.1%
16 Dow Inc., United States of America (USA) 6.38 6.03 28 -8.9%
17 Biogen Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.04 5.26 16 25.7%
18 Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.79 4.60 15 59.2%
19 Gilead Sciences, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.99 4.58 15 122.3%
20 Waters Corporation, United States of America (USA) 4.11 4.13 12 -3.2%
21 Intel Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.56 3.52 18 117.5%
22 Danaher Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.75 3.45 15 20.7%
23 Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI), United States of America (USA) 3.37 3.26 28 -6.8%
24 Vir Biotechnology, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.44 3.11 9 588.4%
25 Denali Therapeutics Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.12 3.10 6 167.7%
26 NorthWest Research Associates, Inc. (NWRA), United States of America (USA) 0.51 3.06 42 478.3%
27 23andMe, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.72 3.06 16 8.5%
28 Moderna Therapeutics, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.67 2.86 5 -41.0%
29 Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI), United States of America (USA) 2.18 2.79 16 23.9%
30 HP Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.25 2.72 5 16.5%
31 Nference Inc, United States of America (USA) 2.59 4 N/A
32 Schlumberger Limited, United States of America (USA) 0.21 2.43 9 1,011.5%
33 Corteva Agriscience, United States of America (USA) 2.00 2.42 9 16.6%
34 Beam Therapeutics Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.08 2.30 4 2,564.2%
35 Adroit Materials, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.56 2.17 6 277.4%
36 Promega Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.18 2.13 5 1,014.7%
37 Universal Display Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.12 5 N/A
38 General Atomics, United States of America (USA) 2.26 2.12 9 -9.7%
39 Lockheed Martin Corporation, United States of America (USA) 3.00 2.09 18 -32.7%
40 Facebook, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.29 2.09 4 55.8%
41 Corning Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 1.50 2.04 7 31.0%
42 Illumina, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.58 2.04 16 -23.8%
43 GATS Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.94 2.02 7 -33.6%
44 Scholar Rock, United States of America (USA) 1.95 2 N/A
45 XtalPi Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.95 4 N/A
46 Intellectual Ventures Management, LLC, United States of America (USA) 1.88 2 N/A
47 HRL Laboratories LLC, United States of America (USA) 1.49 1.85 4 19.9%
48 Jacobs, United States of America (USA) 0.55 1.85 20 225.2%
49 Honeywell International, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.02 1.81 7 72.3%
50 NanoString Technologies, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.34 1.77 8 402.1%
51 Raytheon Company, United States of America (USA) 2.07 1.77 12 -17.7%
52 Bioqual, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.12 1.72 11 1,233.7%
53 Chevron Corporation, United States of America (USA) 4.72 1.69 15 -65.5%
54 New England Biolabs, Inc. (NEB), United States of America (USA) 2.32 1.69 9 -29.9%
55 4C Air, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.61 4 N/A
56 Stoke Therapeutics Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.58 2 N/A
57 GeneDx Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.32 1.56 27 -35.0%
58 Molecular Stethoscope, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.55 2 N/A
59 Agilent Technologies, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.86 1.54 9 73.3%
60 E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (DuPont), United States of America (USA) 0.37 1.46 6 277.0%
61 Western Digital Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.63 1.43 2 -15.4%
62 Procter & Gamble (P&G), United States of America (USA) 1.61 1.37 3 -18.2%
63 ionQ, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.05 1.34 4 23.8%
64 Scientific Aviation, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.34 1.31 5 275.3%
65 Qorvo, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.26 3 N/A
66 GSI Environmental Inc. (GSI), United States of America (USA) 0.14 1.22 4 722.8%
67 SomaLogic, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.52 1.21 4 123.2%
68 Bluestar Genomics Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.20 2 N/A
69 Synthego Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.17 3 N/A
70 Science and Technology Corporation (STC), United States of America (USA) 0.65 1.17 3 72.0%
70 Syntek Technologies, United States of America (USA) 0.33 1.17 3 237.5%
71 Cell Signaling Technology, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.31 1.14 9 253.4%
72 Emulate Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.04 1.11 3 2.7%
73 Euclid TechLabs LLC, United States of America (USA) 0.64 1.07 6 62.6%
74 10x Genomics, United States of America (USA) 1.92 1.06 6 -47.0%
75 S.C. Johnson Son, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.06 2 N/A
76 AECOM, United States of America (USA) 0.67 1.04 5 49.7%
77 Helix Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.01 1.02 4 6,617.8%
78 Northrop Grumman Corporation, United States of America (USA) 3.30 1.02 8 -70.2%
79 MyoKardia, United States of America (USA) 0.01 1.00 1 8,192.5%
79 Revolution Medicines, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.06 1.00 1 1,442.8%
79 eFFECTOR Therapeutics, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.21 1.00 1 350.0%
79 Synlogic, United States of America (USA) 0.80 1.00 1 20.5%
79 Home Point Financial Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
79 Spire Global, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
79 Geometrics, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
79 Circle33 LLC, United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
80 Albany Molecular Research Inc. (AMRI), United States of America (USA) 0.25 0.94 2 263.8%
81 BioMarin Pharmaceutical, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.38 0.94 1 -34.4%
82 Ashland Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.33 0.93 2 168.6%
83 Foundation Medicine, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.05 0.91 13 -16.5%
84 Scanogen Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.90 1 N/A
85 General Motors (GM), United States of America (USA) 1.27 0.89 6 -32.1%
86 NGM Biopharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.09 0.89 1 842.8%
87 Loki Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 3.15 0.88 1 -73.2%
88 LGL Ecological Research Associates, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.87 3 N/A
89 Owkin, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.65 0.86 1 27.2%
90 Quanterix Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.86 2 N/A
91 Seer, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.85 1 N/A
92 Collaborations Pharmaceuticals Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.84 2 N/A
93 TScan Therapeutics, United States of America (USA) 0.84 1 N/A
94 Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. (AER), United States of America (USA) 1.70 0.83 2 -52.7%
94 D. E. Shaw Research, United States of America (USA) 1.82 0.83 1 -55.8%
94 Nanosafe Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.83 1 N/A
95 Warp Drive Bio, LLC, United States of America (USA) 0.82 1 N/A
96 Thorlabs, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.48 0.81 4 62.2%
97 LanzaTech Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.79 3 N/A
98 Continuus Pharmaceuticals, United States of America (USA) 0.78 1 N/A
99 Akonni Biosystems, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.78 1 N/A
99 Xerox Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.71 0.78 2 5.2%
100 Geosyntec Consultants, United States of America (USA) 0.83 0.77 4 -10.7%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.