2021 tables: Institutions - corporate

Table criteria

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

2020 Institution Share 2019 Share 2020
1 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 47.80 60.08
2 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 30.65 32.40
3 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 31.31 30.07
4 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 30.09 27.90
5 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 20.71 26.61
6 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 39.09 24.63
7 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 12.46 20.43
8 Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS), United States of America (USA) 15.49 18.84
9 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 17.67 18.40
10 Toyota Group, Japan 16.79 15.39
11 Samsung Group, South Korea 10.36 15.09
12 Johnson & Johnson, United States of America (USA) 15.50 14.88
13 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 5.35 13.98
14 Amgen Inc., United States of America (USA) 12.62 13.30
15 Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT), Japan 17.60 12.59
16 China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), China 14.16 11.93
17 Microsoft Corporation, United States of America (USA) 9.50 11.18
18 GNS Science, New Zealand 15.45 10.92
19 Formosa Plastics Group, Taiwan 5.70 10.31
20 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., United States of America (USA) 8.87 9.64
21 Bruker Corporation, United States of America (USA) 5.96 9.59
22 FiberHome Technologies Group, China 11.83 9.49
23 Sanofi, France 4.43 9.46
24 Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil), United States of America (USA) 7.27 8.77
25 Hitachi, Ltd., Japan 2.16 8.49
26 BASF SE, Germany 6.53 8.45
27 Eli Lilly and Company, United States of America (USA) 7.62 8.38
28 China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), China 3.66 8.25
29 BGI, China 10.33 7.74
30 Leidos Holdings, Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.19 7.62
31 AbbVie Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.88 7.27
32 Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark 2.59 6.88
33 China National Chemical Corporation (ChemChina), China 4.74 6.67
34 Bayer AG, Germany 5.68 6.31
35 Dow Inc., United States of America (USA) 6.38 6.03
36 C. H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG (Boehringer Ingelheim), Germany 7.63 5.74
37 Biogen Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.04 5.26
38 WuXi AppTec, China 1.59 4.78
39 National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd. (NIWA), New Zealand 2.88 4.75
40 China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), China 1.87 4.71
41 Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.79 4.60
42 Gilead Sciences, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.99 4.58
43 Total S.A., France 1.55 4.25
44 Norwegian Research Centre AS (NORCE), Norway 3.96 4.24
45 Royal Dutch Shell plc (Shell), Netherlands 2.31 4.14
46 Waters Corporation, United States of America (USA) 4.11 4.13
47 Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry (CIOC), CAS, China 1.22 3.81
48 BioNTech AG, Germany 3.56
49 Intel Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.56 3.52
50 Thales S.A., France 4.54 3.51
51 Danaher Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.75 3.45
52 UCB S.A., Belgium 3.72 3.43
53 NHK Science and Technology Research Laboratories (NHK STRL), Japan 0.50 3.37
54 Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Japan 4.71 3.27
55 Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI), United States of America (USA) 3.37 3.26
56 Techint Group, Italy 2.78 3.23
57 Shimadzu Corporation, Japan 3.69 3.20
58 Vir Biotechnology, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.44 3.11
59 Denali Therapeutics Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.12 3.10
60 Mitsubishi Group, Japan 2.35 3.08
61 NorthWest Research Associates, Inc. (NWRA), United States of America (USA) 0.51 3.06
62 23andMe, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.72 3.06
63 China National Tobacco Company (CNTC), China 3.44 2.99
64 Panasonic Corporation, Japan 1.73 2.88
65 Moderna Therapeutics, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.67 2.86
66 KWH Water B.V., Netherlands 2.02 2.81
67 Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI), United States of America (USA) 2.18 2.79
68 LG Corporation, South Korea 1.99 2.76
69 HP Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.25 2.72
70 Center for Nanotechnology GmbH (CeNTech GmbH), Germany 2.92 2.70
71 Genomics England Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.22 2.61
72 Nference Inc, United States of America (USA) 2.59
73 Rigaku Corporation, Japan 2.70 2.47
74 HitGen Inc., China 1.00 2.46
75 Schlumberger Limited, United States of America (USA) 0.21 2.43
76 Corteva Agriscience, United States of America (USA) 2.00 2.42
77 CETHIK Group Corporation, China 2.39
78 Solvay S.A., Belgium 1.50 2.33
79 Beam Therapeutics Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.08 2.30
80 Unilever, United Kingdom (UK) 1.13 2.27
81 Nestlé S.A., Switzerland 3.45 2.20
82 Jinchuan Group Co., Ltd., China 4.79 2.19
83 Adroit Materials, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.56 2.17
84 Promega Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.18 2.13
85 Universal Display Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.12
86 General Atomics, United States of America (USA) 2.26 2.12
87 Lockheed Martin Corporation, United States of America (USA) 3.00 2.09
88 China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC), China 2.63 2.09
89 Facebook, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.29 2.09
90 FujiFilm Corporation, Japan 1.05 2.06
91 Corning Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 1.50 2.04
92 Illumina, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.58 2.04
93 GATS Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.94 2.02
94 Enamine Ltd., Ukraine 0.95 1.96
95 Scholar Rock, United States of America (USA) 1.95
96 XtalPi Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.95
97 Institute of Environmental Science and Research (ESR), New Zealand 0.80 1.89
98 Sinopec Corporation, China 3.20 1.89
99 Earlham Institute (EI), United Kingdom (UK) 1.26 1.88
100 Intellectual Ventures Management, LLC, United States of America (USA) 1.88

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.