2021 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 17.69 20.42 155 7.5%
2 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 15.72 17.31 132 2.5%
3 Brazil Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication (MCTIC), Brazil 11.68 14.19 146 13.1%
4 Federal University of ABC (UFABC), Brazil 9.53 11.39 103 11.3%
5 University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina 7.84 10.96 92 30.2%
6 São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil 8.64 10.47 87 12.8%
7 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil 3.47 9.00 105 141.2%
8 Fluminense Federal University (UFF), Brazil 2.06 7.92 19 257.6%
9 University of Antofagasta, Chile 5.58 7.90 20 31.8%
10 Federico Santa María Technical University (UTFSM), Chile 5.07 7.30 80 34.1%
11 University of Concepción (UdeC), Chile 4.81 7.22 41 39.7%
12 University of Chile, Chile 5.35 6.55 56 14.0%
13 Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaíso (PUCV), Chile 7.60 6.39 24 -21.8%
14 State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil 5.78 6.16 79 -0.8%
15 Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Brazil 10.13 5.92 29 -45.6%
16 National University of La Plata (UNLP), Argentina 4.95 5.58 72 4.9%
17 Federal University of Ceará (UFC), Brazil 3.04 5.35 10 63.7%
18 Pontifical Catholic University of Chile (PUC), Chile 4.61 5.15 88 3.9%
19 Adolfo Ibáñez University (UAI), Chile 5.82 5.12 16 -18.1%
20 Federal University of Itajubá (UNIFEI), Brazil 3.28 4.88 8 38.6%
21 Andres Bello University (UNAB), Chile 6.38 4.61 53 -32.7%
22 National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA), Argentina 4.81 4.57 29 -11.6%
23 Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ), Brazil 2.37 4.57 59 79.9%
24 Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Brazil 3.11 3.99 11 19.5%
25 Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Brazil 4.17 3.98 11 -11.0%
26 Diego Portales University (UDP), Chile 0.89 3.90 18 307.5%
27 Austral University of Chile (UACh), Chile 2.32 3.84 13 54.2%
28 University of Valparaíso (UV), Chile 3.14 3.79 21 12.2%
29 Center for Scientific Studies (CECs), Chile 3.62 3.65 9 -6.1%
30 National University of General San Martín (UNSAM), Argentina 2.16 3.57 18 54.0%
31 Federal University of Pará (UFPA), Brazil 0.03 3.50 7 10,657.4%
32 Catholic University of the North (UCN), Chile 0.50 3.47 14 545.7%
33 Federal University of Espírito Santo (UFES), Brazil 3.58 3.29 8 -14.2%
34 Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Chile 0.75 3.24 12 302.4%
35 Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB), Brazil 8.73 3.22 9 -65.7%
36 Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brazil 2.82 3.11 8 2.9%
37 University of Brasília (UnB), Brazil 2.03 3.10 6 42.6%
38 Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), Brazil 4.88 2.59 35 -50.6%
39 University of the Republic (UDELAR), Uruguay 2.67 2.48 6 -13.6%
40 National University of Cuyo (UNCUYO), Argentina 2.08 2.41 21 7.9%
41 Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), Brazil 2.21 2.34 8 -1.4%
42 University of Valle, Colombia 1.78 2.33 3 22.2%
43 University of Santiago, Chile (Usach), Chile 2.87 2.31 9 -25.0%
44 Los Andes University, Colombia 1.90 2.28 54 12.0%
45 Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Brazil 4.72 2.28 52 -55.0%
46 University of Antioquia (UdeA), Colombia 2.10 2.24 54 -0.6%
47 Federal University of Uberlândia (UFU), Brazil 1.56 2.04 3 22.2%
48 Federal University of Latin American Integration (UNILA), Brazil 0.87 2.00 2 114.8%
49 Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Brazil 1.94 1.76 60 -15.8%
50 National University of Colombia (UNAL), Colombia 1.29 1.71 65 23.4%
51 Universidad Central de Venezuela (UCV), Venezuela 0.33 1.67 5 365.4%
52 Brazil Ministry of Defense (DEFESA), Brazil 3.10 1.53 3 -54.0%
53 Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA), Brazil 2.75 1.50 3 -49.2%
54 Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Brazil 0.67 1.45 7 102.8%
55 São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), Brazil 2.84 1.44 15 -53.0%
56 University of La Serena (ULS), Chile 1.29 1.37 9 -0.9%
57 Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Brazil 0.83 1.31 4 46.3%
58 Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT), Brazil 0.91 1.29 4 32.1%
59 Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), Brazil 0.98 1.28 6 21.4%
60 Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Brazil 2.42 1.25 37 -52.0%
61 Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Brazil 0.33 1.22 8 242.5%
62 Yachay Tech University, Ecuador 2.98 1.14 5 -64.2%
63 Universidad San Francisco de Quito (USFQ), Ecuador 0.03 1.14 57 3,480.7%
64 National University of the Litoral (UNL), Argentina 0.56 1.09 4 80.1%
65 National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT), Chile 1.60 1.08 27 -37.3%
66 Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), Brazil 0.58 1.06 5 68.4%
67 State University of Piauí (UESPI), Brazil 1.00 1 N/A
67 State University of Norte Fluminense (UENF), Brazil 1.00 1 N/A
68 National University of Córdoba (UNC), Argentina 1.37 1.00 5 -32.4%
69 Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP), Peru 0.74 0.99 26 25.7%
70 Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Brazil 1.92 0.89 3 -56.7%
71 Federal University of Technology - Paraná (UTFPR), Brazil 0.58 0.89 3 41.9%
72 University of Tarapacá (UTA), Chile 0.20 0.86 29 300.6%
73 National University of Engineering (UNI), Peru 0.85 4 N/A
74 Federal University of Goiás (UFG), Brazil 0.35 0.83 6 121.3%
75 State University of Santa Cruz (UESC), Brazil 1.31 0.76 3 -45.5%
76 Universidad Arturo Prat (UNAP), Chile 0.53 0.75 2 30.9%
76 Pedagogical and Technological University of Colombia (UPTC), Colombia 1.00 0.75 2 -30.2%
76 University of Los Lagos (ULAGOS), Chile 0.75 1 N/A
77 National University of Mar Del Plata (UNMdP), Argentina 3.79 0.63 2 -84.5%
78 Federal University of Lavras (UFLA), Brazil 0.54 0.63 3 7.6%
79 Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE), Brazil 0.29 0.60 1 91.5%
80 University of Atacama (UDA), Chile 0.03 0.58 5 1,691.3%
81 Temuco Catholic University, Chile 0.10 0.50 2 365.4%
81 Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG), Brazil 0.29 0.50 1 59.6%
81 Fundação Cearense de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (FUNCAP), Brazil 0.50 1 N/A
81 State University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UEMS), Brazil 0.50 1 N/A
81 Catholic University Silva Henriquez (UCSH), Chile 0.50 1 N/A
81 State University of Paraíba (UEPB), Brazil 0.50 1 N/A
82 Universidad Mayor, Chile 0.25 0.46 3 72.0%
83 Mackenzie Presbyterian University (UPM), Brazil 0.15 0.43 2 169.5%
84 City University of São Paulo (UNICID), Brazil 0.40 1 N/A
85 Antonio Nariño University (UAN), Colombia 1.63 0.34 45 -80.8%
86 Federal University of Southern Border (UFFS), Brazil 0.58 0.33 1 -46.8%
86 Central University of Chile (UCEN), Chile 0.67 0.33 1 -53.5%
86 University of Bío-Bío (UBB), Chile 1.25 0.33 1 -75.2%
86 Universidad Autónoma del Perú (UA), Peru 0.33 1 N/A
86 University of Cartagena, Colombia 0.33 1 N/A
86 Instituto Federal da Bahia (IFBA), Brazil 0.33 1 N/A
87 Federal Center for Technological Education of Minas Gerais (CEFET-MG), Brazil 0.32 2 N/A
88 Rosario National University (UNR), Argentina 1.00 0.30 9 -71.8%
89 University of Paraíba Valley (UNIVAP), Brazil 0.30 2 N/A
90 Industrial University of Santander (UIS), Colombia 0.08 0.29 4 223.5%
91 Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM), Brazil 0.01 0.26 16 2,824.6%
92 State University of Londrina (UEL), Brazil 1.00 0.26 2 -76.2%
93 Santa Catarina State University (UDESC), Brazil 0.17 0.25 1 39.6%
93 Universidade Federal do Cariri (UFCA), Brazil 0.25 0.25 1 -6.9%
93 Universidad de O'Higgins (UOH), Chile 0.25 1 N/A
93 Universidade Estadual da Região Tocantina do Maranhão (UEMASUL), Brazil 0.25 1 N/A
93 Universidad del Desarrollo (UDD), Chile 0.25 1 N/A
93 University of the Andes (ULA), Venezuela 0.25 1 N/A
94 Comisión Sectorial de Investigación Científica (CSIC), Uruguay 0.24 3 N/A
95 Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia (LIneA), Brazil 0.40 0.21 5 -50.5%
96 Universidad Mariana (Unimar), Colombia 0.20 1 N/A
96 Ministry of Energy and Mines of Peru (MEM), Peru 0.20 1 N/A
97 National University of South (UNS), Argentina 0.31 0.20 2 -41.8%
98 Universidad del Norte, Colombia 0.19 3 N/A
99 National Polytechnic School (EPN), Ecuador 0.42 0.18 55 -60.8%
100 Centro de Recursos Educativos Avanzados (CREA), Chile 0.17 0.17 1 -6.9%
100 National University of Northwestern Buenos Aires (UNNOBA), Argentina 0.17 1 N/A
100 Instituto Federal do Pará (IFPA), Brazil 0.17 1 N/A

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.