2021 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 146.67 175.63 541 11.5%
2 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 120.97 126.41 476 -2.7%
3 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 85.87 95.78 404 3.8%
4 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 52.42 51.57 280 -8.4%
5 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 51.61 46.68 148 -15.8%
6 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 41.25 44.78 178 1.0%
7 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 43.04 40.95 245 -11.4%
8 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 24.14 32.08 145 23.7%
9 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.03 31.78 180 18.2%
10 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 28.51 30.35 142 -0.9%
11 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 13.97 28.19 91 87.9%
12 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 28.34 26.95 82 -11.5%
13 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 33.80 24.72 210 -31.9%
14 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 31.47 22.00 185 -34.9%
15 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 13.34 20.43 52 42.6%
16 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 22.08 20.11 183 -15.2%
17 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 17.60 19.79 321 4.7%
18 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 19.86 19.18 130 -10.1%
19 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 15.30 16.67 166 1.4%
20 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 10.19 16.00 46 46.2%
21 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 12.88 14.84 184 7.2%
22 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 8.97 13.36 106 38.7%
23 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 8.79 12.63 77 33.6%
24 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 17.71 10.45 57 -45.1%
25 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 9.48 10.17 38 -0.2%
26 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 8.18 9.06 48 3.1%
27 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 14.31 8.50 40 -44.7%
28 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 7.25 7.63 45 -2.0%
29 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 5.38 7.57 37 31.1%
30 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 9.14 6.98 37 -28.9%
31 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 8.73 6.80 45 -27.5%
32 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 6.59 6.35 31 -10.3%
33 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 5.22 6.25 32 11.4%
34 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 3.77 4.78 23 17.8%
35 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 4.51 4.75 31 -2.1%
36 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 4.53 4.50 14 -7.6%
37 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.72 3.89 13 406.4%
38 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.35 3.66 16 44.8%
39 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 1.89 3.63 23 78.7%
40 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 2.30 3.35 19 35.5%
41 City, University of London (CUL), United Kingdom (UK) 2.38 3.27 12 28.3%
42 Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.23 3.04 10 1,145.8%
43 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 1.64 3.03 8 72.0%
44 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 6.15 2.57 76 -61.2%
45 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.79 2.38 20 180.4%
46 Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), United Kingdom (UK) 4.10 2.05 12 -53.5%
47 Aston University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.32 2.04 6 44.0%
48 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 1.75 2.01 21 6.8%
49 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 1.65 1.96 8 10.7%
50 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.31 1.93 13 472.3%
51 The Faraday Institution, United Kingdom (UK) 0.38 1.76 7 331.0%
52 University of the West of Scotland (UWS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.78 1.44 23 71.7%
53 University of Ulster (UU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.75 1.43 2 77.3%
54 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 1.21 1.42 23 8.8%
55 University of Hertfordshire (UH), United Kingdom (UK) 3.94 1.25 6 -70.5%
56 University of Brighton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 1.24 7 752.0%
57 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 0.23 1.23 8 403.5%
58 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 1.02 1.22 6 10.7%
59 Armagh Observatory, United Kingdom (UK) 0.41 1.14 3 160.1%
60 Royal Veterinary College, University of London (RVC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 1.13 4 2,504,566.6%
61 University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), United Kingdom (UK) 0.41 1.09 6 150.8%
62 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 1.01 1.07 7 -1.2%
63 University of Lincoln, United Kingdom (UK) 0.86 1.04 7 12.8%
64 Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.61 1.01 5 53.1%
65 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.35 0.99 9 165.0%
66 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 1.05 0.95 7 -15.6%
67 Teesside University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 0.88 1 2,180.7%
68 Oxford Instruments, United Kingdom (UK) 0.41 0.87 6 96.2%
69 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 1.29 0.87 6 -37.1%
70 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 0.75 1 1,156.7%
71 Phasecraft Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.71 1 N/A
72 Unilever, United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.70 2 1,203.2%
73 UK Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 0.69 16 377.7%
74 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 0.61 0.67 11 2.6%
75 Telespazio Vega U.K. Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.15 0.60 3 277.2%
76 Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.62 0.47 6 -30.1%
77 Anglo American plc, United Kingdom (UK) 1.01 0.45 2 -58.3%
78 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 0.41 0.44 3 -1.6%
79 British Geological Survey (BGS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.29 0.43 4 37.6%
80 Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.35 3 N/A
81 University of London - Goldsmiths, United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 0.35 4 322.5%
82 The Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (NUTH), United Kingdom (UK) 0.09 0.34 4 251.8%
83 Cyber Espion Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
83 Birmingham City University (BCU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
83 ATDBio Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
83 Initiative for Interstellar Studies (i4is), United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
83 London Institute for Mathematical Sciences (LIMS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
84 Cranfield University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 2 N/A
85 NERC National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.31 2 N/A
86 Rolls-Royce plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 0.29 2 36.9%
87 SYSTEMIQ Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.29 1 N/A
88 Bournemouth University (BU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.28 2 N/A
89 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 0.80 0.27 4 -68.5%
90 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 0.54 0.26 3 -55.0%
91 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 1.76 0.25 6 -86.7%
92 London Mathematical Laboratory, United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.25 2 39.6%
92 Coventry University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.66 0.25 1 -64.6%
92 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
92 Fathom, United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
92 Storm Therapeutics Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
93 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 0.25 4 73.8%
94 University of Greenwich, United Kingdom (UK) 0.24 2 N/A
95 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 0.38 0.24 3 -40.0%
96 Brunel University London, United Kingdom (UK) 0.46 0.22 54 -54.5%
97 Quantum Motion Technology, United Kingdom (UK) 0.22 1 N/A
98 University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.26 0.21 2 -22.8%
99 BAE Systems, United Kingdom (UK) 0.24 0.20 1 -21.1%
99 Royal Latin School, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
99 Sherborne School, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
99 Badminton School, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
100 Cambridge Quantum Computing Limited (CQC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 0.19 2 370.6%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.