2021 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

Table criteria

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

2020 Institution Share 2019 Share 2020
1 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 37.98 35.64
2 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 43.04 35.13
3 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 26.58 30.99
4 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 13.09 15.45
5 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 11.83 15.08
6 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 9.22 9.81
7 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 6.18 8.71
8 India Department of Space (DOS), India 10.35 8.48
9 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 7.39 8.43
10 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 10.90 8.41
11 Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad (IITH), India 1.82 7.82
12 Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT Roorkee), India 4.77 7.75
13 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 6.76 7.35
14 S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences (SNBNCBS), India 5.98 6.88
15 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 6.11 6.17
16 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi), India 3.58 5.17
17 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 13.54 5.09
18 Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), India 3.41 4.65
19 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 3.95 4.23
20 Jadavpur University (JU), India 5.73 4.21
21 University of Delhi (DU), India 4.11 4.02
22 Indian Institute of Technology Indore (IIT Indore), India 2.90 3.95
23 Raman Research Institute (RRI), India 0.77 3.88
24 UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, India 2.96 3.81
25 Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India 2.15 3.67
26 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Thiruvananthapuram (IISER TVM), India 1.56 3.28
27 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 1.02 3.12
28 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Mohali (IISER Mohali), India 3.83 3.10
29 Chennai Mathematical Institute (CMI), India 3.51 3.00
30 Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI), India 1.89 3.00
31 Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar (IIT Gandhinagar), India 2.57 2.77
32 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India 3.97 2.37
33 Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), India 2.15 2.32
34 University of Hyderabad (UoH), India 4.85 2.25
35 Panjab University (PU), India 0.87 2.08
36 Banaras Hindu University (BHU), India 0.17 2.04
37 University of Burdwan, India 3.00 2.00
38 Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS Pilani), India 6.40 1.96
39 Presidency University, India 1.50 1.91
40 Indian Institute of Technology Ropar (IIT Ropar), India 1.81 1.83
41 Tezpur University, India 2.77 1.74
42 Central University of Himachal Pradesh (CUHP), India 1.50
43 Indian Institute of Technology Mandi (IIT Mandi), India 1.00 1.45
44 Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar (IIT-BBS), India 0.36 1.39
45 Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG), India 1.39
46 Bose Institute, India 0.36 1.35
47 Utkal University, India 0.00 1.34
48 National Institute of Technology Rourkela (NITR), India 1.00 1.27
49 Vidyasagar University, India 1.00 1.21
50 Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur (IIT Jodhpur), India 2.66 1.19
51 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Tirupati (IISER Tirupati), India 0.01 1.10
52 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), India 1.08
53 Indian Institute of Technology - Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad (IIT-ISM), India 1.00 1.04
53 Delhi Technological University (DTU), India 1.04
54 Visva-Bharati University, India 2.01 1.01
55 University of Lucknow, India 1.00
56 Dayalbagh Educational Institute (DEI), India 0.33 1.00
56 Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), India 1.05 1.00
56 Government General Degree College, India 1.67 1.00
56 Ajmal College of Arts and Science, India 3.33 1.00
56 Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), India 4.17 1.00
56 Dibrugarh University, India 1.00
56 Government College Daman, India 1.00
56 Sikkim University, India 1.00
56 Netaji Subhas University of Technology (NSUT), India 1.00
57 Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi (IIT BHU), India 1.58 0.95
58 SRM Institute of Science and Technology, India 2.45 0.94
59 Institute of Nano Science and Technology (INST), India 1.00 0.92
60 National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST), India 0.91
61 Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology (RGCB), India 0.88
62 University of Calcutta (CU), India 1.02 0.87
63 GLA University, India 0.50 0.75
63 Centre for Nano and Soft Matter Sciences, India 0.75
64 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Kancheepuram (IIITDM Kancheepuram), India 0.67
65 Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur (IIEST Shibpur), India 4.63 0.61
66 Christ University, India 0.99 0.60
67 Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), India 0.13 0.59
68 National Institute of Technology Karnataka (NITK), India 0.58
69 Sardar Patel University (SPU), India 0.57
70 National Defence Academy (NDA), India 2.16 0.56
71 Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT University), India 0.20 0.50
71 University of Mumbai, India 0.83 0.50
71 Sikkim Manipal University (SMU), India 0.50
71 Osmania University, India 0.50
72 Indian Institute of Technology Bhilai (IIT Bhilai), India 0.02 0.47
73 Indian Institute of Technology Palakkad (IIT PKD), India 0.50 0.46
74 University of Kalyani, India 0.33 0.43
75 Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), India 0.34 0.36
76 Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, India 2.37 0.33
77 Tata Group, India 0.31 0.29
78 India Ministry of Science and Technology, India 1.94 0.27
79 The LNM Institute of Information Technology (LNMIIT), India 0.25
79 Government General Degree College, Muragachha (Muragachha GOVT College), India 0.25
79 National Institute of Technology Meghalaya (NIT Meghalaya), India 0.25
79 Bengal Engineering College Model School, India 0.25
79 Gandhi Institute for Technological Advancement, Bhubaneswar (GITA), India 0.25
79 Government Polytechnic, Panaji (GPP), India 0.25
80 University of Jammu, India 0.20 0.25
81 Inter-University Accelerator Centre (IUAC), India 0.22
82 Maharishi Markandeshwar University (MMU), India 0.11 0.20
82 Indian Institute of Technology Goa (IIT Goa), India 0.30 0.20
82 Cotton University, India 0.20
82 Guru Nanak Dev University (GNDU), India 0.20
82 Charotar University of Science and Technology (CHARUSAT), India 0.20
82 Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology (CBIT), India 0.20
83 National Institute of Technology, Andhra Pradesh (NIT-AP), India 0.19
84 University of Rajasthan, India 0.41 0.17
85 Jain University (JU), India 0.03 0.17
85 Goa University, India 0.17
85 Karimpur Pannadevi College, India 0.17
85 Chandernagore College, India 0.17
86 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, West Bengal (MAKAUT, WB), India 0.02 0.13
86 Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), India 0.17 0.13
86 Government College of Engineering and Ceramic Technology (GCECT), India 0.20 0.13
86 Kumaun University, India 0.88 0.13
86 Mizoram University, India 0.13
86 Central University of Punjab Bathinda (CUPB), India 0.13
87 Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU), India 0.15 0.12
88 Gauhati University, India 0.73 0.11
89 Amity University, India 0.79 0.11
89 NSS College Pandalam, India 0.11
90 Teerthanker Mahaveer University (TMU), India 0.10
90 Triveni Devi Bhalotia College, India 0.10
91 MJP Rohilkhand University, India 0.09
91 Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University, India 0.09
91 Cooch Behar Government Engineering College (CGEC), India 0.09
92 University of North Bengal (NBU), India 1.88 0.08
92 Indian Institute of Technology Jammu (IIT Jammu), India 0.08
92 Bharat Electronics Limited, India 0.08
93 Ashoka University, India 0.75 0.08
94 Mahatma Phule Arts, Science and Commerce College, India 0.07
94 Government Polytechnic College, Kaduthuruthy, India 0.07
94 Ahmedabad University (AU), India 0.07
94 Midnapore College, India 0.07
95 Indian Institute of Management Bangalore (IIMB), India 0.06
96 Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University (PDPU), India 0.06
97 Tata Trusts, India 0.03 0.05
97 Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (inStem), India 0.66 0.05
98 Victoria Institution, India 0.05
98 Government General Degree College at Pedong, India 0.05
99 All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), India 0.04 0.05
99 Dr. B. R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar (NITJ), India 1.00 0.05
99 Mahatma Gandhi University (MG University), India 1.00 0.05
100 Techno India Group (TIG), India 0.04

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.