2021 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 57.12 83.73 263 36.5%
2 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 41.72 44.26 123 -1.2%
3 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 26.35 32.92 193 16.3%
4 McGill University, Canada 32.37 31.66 158 -9.0%
5 University of Waterloo, Canada 37.06 27.86 86 -30.0%
6 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 18.98 26.08 145 28.0%
7 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 6.39 11.14 115 62.3%
8 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 9.28 10.64 42 6.8%
9 Western University (UWO), Canada 13.47 9.80 31 -32.3%
10 McMaster University, Canada 7.91 8.84 25 4.0%
11 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 6.33 7.88 136 15.9%
12 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 5.17 7.70 93 38.8%
13 University of Manitoba, Canada 4.88 7.53 90 43.8%
14 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 5.58 7.26 94 21.1%
15 National Research Council (NRC), Canada 5.87 6.91 51 9.6%
16 Polytechnique Montréal, Canada 4.11 5.24 24 18.5%
17 National Institute of Scientific Research (INRS), Canada 7.15 5.08 19 -33.9%
18 Bishop's University, Canada 2.59 4.85 6 74.2%
19 Queen's University, Canada 2.32 4.75 93 90.5%
20 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 6.25 4.12 21 -38.6%
21 Laval University (UL), Canada 5.17 4.02 16 -27.6%
22 Carleton University, Canada 2.23 3.60 95 50.3%
23 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 2.77 3.13 19 5.1%
24 University of Guelph, Canada 3.71 2.90 90 -27.2%
25 Concordia University, Canada 1.18 2.78 10 119.9%
26 York University, Canada 2.07 2.75 99 23.6%
27 Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada 3.52 2.20 38 -41.8%
28 Dalhousie University, Canada 1.29 2.01 11 45.0%
29 Ryerson University, Canada 0.81 1.79 4 106.9%
30 Canadian Light Source Inc., Canada 0.68 1.66 16 129.1%
31 Xanadu Quantum Technologies Inc., Canada 1.78 1.65 3 -13.8%
32 Brock University, Canada 1.85 1.61 3 -18.9%
33 Hydro-Québec, Canada 0.13 1.30 3 871.0%
34 Memorial University of Newfoundland (MUN), Canada 0.70 1.30 5 72.4%
35 Provincial Health Services Authority (PHSA), Canada 0.17 1.02 5 464.0%
36 University of Windsor (UWin), Canada 0.45 0.87 6 81.1%
37 Concordia University of Edmonton, Canada 0.67 1 N/A
38 Saint Mary's University (SMU), Canada 0.39 0.65 7 54.9%
39 Health Canada (HC-SC), Canada 0.03 0.63 2 1,921.4%
40 ProteinQure Inc., Canada 0.60 1 N/A
41 École de Technologie Supérieure (ETS), Canada 0.02 0.59 4 2,594.4%
42 Vector Institute, Canada 0.10 0.54 8 412.7%
43 NanoAcademic Technologies Inc., Canada 0.04 0.50 1 1,017.1%
44 Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM), Canada 0.32 0.48 6 40.3%
45 Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC), Canada 0.40 0.47 5 11.3%
46 Natural Resources Canada, Canada 0.19 0.45 4 120.3%
47 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 0.25 0.44 4 64.8%
48 University of Lethbridge, Canada 0.08 0.42 2 365.4%
49 Canadian Quantum Research Center, Canada 0.39 3 N/A
50 Mount Allison University, Canada 0.05 0.33 4 549.0%
51 Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR), Canada 0.21 0.28 6 27.1%
52 FPInnovations, Canada 0.62 0.28 2 -58.1%
53 Laurentian University, Canada 0.18 0.27 14 38.5%
54 Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO), Canada 0.61 0.24 2 -63.0%
55 Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR), Canada 0.40 0.21 4 -51.8%
56 Frontier Geosciences Inc., Canada 0.20 1 N/A
56 School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (SALA), UBC, Canada 0.20 1 N/A
57 Few-cycle Inc., Canada 0.19 2 N/A
58 University of Regina, Canada 0.20 0.17 8 -18.5%
59 University of Winnipeg, Canada 0.05 0.16 7 193.3%
60 Institute of Particle Physics (IPP), Canada 0.04 0.14 27 186.8%
61 Canadian Blood Services, Canada 0.13 1 N/A
62 Creative Destruction Lab (CDL), Canada 0.08 0.13 1 39.6%
62 University of Quebec at Trois-Rivieres (UQTR), Canada 0.16 0.13 1 -27.5%
62 Canada Department of National Defence (DND), Canada 0.20 0.13 1 -41.8%
63 Nova Scotia Department of Energy, Canada 0.12 1 N/A
64 Quantum Benchmark Inc., Canada 0.07 0.11 1 55.1%
65 University of New Brunswick (UNB), Canada 0.17 0.11 3 -40.4%
66 Lakehead University, Canada 0.11 1 N/A
67 Children's Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba (CHRIM), Canada 0.08 1 N/A
67 Nipissing University, Canada 0.08 1 N/A
68 Canadian Space Agency (CSA), Canada 0.01 0.08 1 413.2%
69 Trent University, Canada 0.67 0.07 2 -89.5%
70 Royal Military College of Canada (RMC), Canada 0.37 0.07 1 -81.9%
70 Innova Montreal, Inc., Canada 0.07 1 N/A
71 Glabat Solid‐State Battery Inc. (GLABAT), Canada 0.15 0.07 1 -57.4%
71 Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs (MFFP), Canada 0.07 1 N/A
72 St. Francis Xavier University (StFX), Canada 0.02 0.06 5 254.5%
73 Fonex Data Systems Inc., Canada 0.06 1 N/A
74 Luna Nanotech Inc., Canada 0.05 1 N/A
75 Teledyne Optech, Inc., Canada 0.03 1 N/A
76 Sheridan College, Canada 0.02 1 N/A
77 Mount Saint Vincent University (MSVU), Canada 0.02 1 N/A
78 Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute (VCHRI), Canada 0.02 4 N/A
79 Providence Health Care, Canada 0.01 1 N/A
80 University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC), Canada 0.33 0.01 1 -97.0%
81 Clinical Research Institute of Montreal (IRCM), Canada 0.01 1 N/A
82 SNC-Lavalin Group Inc., Canada 0.20 0.01 1 -96.0%
83 Thoth Technology Inc., Canada 0.01 1 N/A
84 Three-Speed Logic, Inc., Canada 0.00 0.01 1 65.5%
85 Axela Inc., Canada 0.00 1 N/A
86 Genome Canada, Canada 0.07 0.00 1 -97.8%
87 IWK Health Centre, Canada 0.00 1 N/A
88 Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), Canada 0.04 0.00 1 -97.9%
88 Génome Québec, Canada 0.04 0.00 1 -97.9%
89 Prostate Cancer Canada (PCC), Canada 0.00 1 N/A
90 Argmix Consulting, Canada 0.00 1 N/A
91 Canadian Center for Computational Genomics (C3G), Canada 0.14 0.00 1 -99.8%
92 Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), Canada 0.00 0.00 1 -58.6%
93 Montreal Cancer Institute (ICM), Canada 0.11 0.00 1 -99.9%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.