2021 tables: Institutions - Nature & Science

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 80.15 72.79 232 -17.6%
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 41.49 44.36 135 -3.1%
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 42.19 39.20 163 -15.7%
4 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 20.94 23.48 76 1.7%
5 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 24.83 20.24 84 -26.1%
6 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 19.39 20.21 66 -5.5%
7 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 12.81 19.79 70 40.0%
8 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 12.31 17.12 76 26.1%
9 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 17.37 15.97 59 -16.6%
10 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 13.15 15.53 45 7.1%
11 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 16.35 15.05 64 -16.6%
12 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 17.30 13.60 65 -28.7%
13 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 21.30 13.51 65 -42.5%
14 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 15.08 12.89 61 -22.5%
15 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 5.85 12.05 54 86.8%
16 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 12.73 10.93 68 -22.2%
17 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 8.33 10.72 41 16.7%
18 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 7.22 10.48 39 31.6%
19 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 8.45 10.40 33 11.6%
20 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 12.94 10.21 20 -28.5%
21 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 11.64 9.50 64 -26.0%
22 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 16.27 9.11 45 -49.2%
23 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 6.85 9.10 56 20.6%
24 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 10.58 9.05 57 -22.5%
25 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 3.90 8.73 35 102.8%
26 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 6.84 8.37 35 10.9%
27 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 2.60 8.28 36 189.2%
28 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 7.52 7.71 24 -7.1%
29 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 11.89 7.21 57 -45.0%
30 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 6.63 6.88 41 -5.9%
31 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 4.30 6.71 24 41.7%
32 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.83 6.23 10 47.6%
33 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 1.00 6.12 26 456.1%
34 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 3.57 5.83 32 48.3%
35 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 4.95 5.77 26 5.7%
36 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 5.97 5.46 44 -17.1%
37 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 2.27 5.39 22 115.1%
38 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 0.38 4.79 13 1,054.3%
39 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 5.53 4.63 10 -24.1%
40 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 1.05 4.50 21 290.0%
41 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 1.12 4.37 35 253.5%
42 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 7.46 4.19 31 -49.1%
43 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 3.50 4.19 14 8.5%
44 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 5.56 4.11 15 -33.0%
45 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 1.17 4.07 26 214.6%
46 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 1.24 4.00 24 193.9%
47 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 4.87 3.68 26 -31.5%
48 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 3.03 3.61 23 8.0%
49 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 1.44 3.45 24 117.9%
50 Van Andel Research Institute (VAI), United States of America (USA) 1.12 3.44 7 178.7%
51 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 2.27 3.43 23 36.9%
52 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 2.46 3.31 7 21.7%
53 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 1.47 3.30 28 104.0%
54 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 2.11 3.26 28 40.2%
55 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 1.44 3.16 22 98.9%
56 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.12 3.12 6 2,279.3%
57 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 2.71 3.00 21 0.5%
58 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 2.04 2.98 13 32.6%
59 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 3.38 2.82 12 -24.4%
60 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 1.41 2.79 14 80.2%
61 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 1.80 2.71 29 36.5%
62 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 1.11 2.62 14 114.2%
63 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.94 2.59 7 21.0%
64 Altius Institute for Biomedical Sciences, United States of America (USA) 2.49 6 N/A
65 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 1.03 2.48 7 118.3%
66 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 2.00 2.28 15 3.3%
67 Chan Zuckerberg Biohub (CZ Biohub), United States of America (USA) 0.81 2.23 25 149.7%
68 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 2.36 2.23 35 -14.4%
69 University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB), United States of America (USA) 0.29 2.17 7 587.1%
70 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 1.77 2.16 9 11.1%
71 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 2.78 2.16 19 -29.6%
72 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 5.47 2.14 18 -64.5%
73 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 3.14 2.08 17 -39.9%
74 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 3.09 2.07 31 -39.2%
75 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 3.00 2.04 9 -38.3%
76 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 2.31 2.03 13 -20.1%
77 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 0.51 1.99 8 253.1%
78 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 1.13 1.96 15 57.4%
79 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 2.85 1.94 4 -38.3%
80 Vir Biotechnology, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.01 1.89 3 12,225.6%
81 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 2.88 1.78 20 -44.0%
82 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 1.47 1.77 12 9.1%
83 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 5.37 1.77 9 -70.2%
84 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 5.31 1.67 18 -71.5%
85 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 1.83 1.60 12 -20.9%
86 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 0.29 1.56 12 388.9%
87 Stowers Institute for Medical Research, United States of America (USA) 1.28 1.55 5 10.0%
88 Cedars-Sinai Medical Center (Cedars-Sinai), United States of America (USA) 0.35 1.55 9 300.9%
89 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 0.73 1.54 12 89.8%
90 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 1.64 1.52 13 -16.0%
91 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 0.62 1.50 18 119.3%
92 Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), United States of America (USA) 1.18 1.50 9 15.2%
93 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 1.91 1.50 11 -29.1%
94 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 0.81 1.47 4 64.2%
95 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 1.22 1.45 16 8.0%
96 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 1.18 1.43 15 9.9%
97 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 2.66 1.36 13 -53.6%
98 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 0.49 1.33 11 146.4%
99 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 2.01 1.30 10 -41.3%
100 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 4.56 1.28 10 -74.5%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.