2021 tables: Institutions - Nature & Science

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 14.46 17.91 103 12.3%
2 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 15.36 16.30 104 -3.8%
3 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 13.23 11.07 36 -24.1%
4 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 4.38 9.91 29 105.1%
5 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 2.69 8.50 61 186.2%
6 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 8.66 7.77 56 -18.7%
7 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 5.43 7.21 29 20.5%
8 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 2.25 5.96 44 140.0%
9 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 5.01 4.85 39 -12.3%
10 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 2.41 3.51 20 31.8%
11 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 3.51 2.06 26 -46.9%
12 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 2.47 2.06 22 -24.6%
13 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 1.93 2.04 24 -4.1%
14 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 1.09 2.03 5 69.4%
15 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 1.99 1.94 15 -11.7%
16 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 2.70 1.74 21 -41.7%
17 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 1.75 1.73 25 -10.4%
18 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 1.81 1.55 21 -21.9%
19 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.50 1.53 15 176.0%
20 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.48 1.52 17 185.6%
21 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 0.46 1.44 13 185.5%
22 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 2.06 1.26 17 -44.5%
23 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 2.32 1.22 10 -52.2%
24 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 0.74 1.21 7 48.4%
25 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 1.11 1.11 9 -9.1%
26 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.16 0.92 8 425.4%
27 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 0.37 0.86 17 110.7%
28 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 0.18 0.86 10 337.5%
29 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 1.83 0.77 3 -62.0%
30 Royal Veterinary College, University of London (RVC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.37 0.74 6 83.4%
31 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.50 0.71 6 29.4%
32 Genomics England Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.66 4 1,063.9%
33 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 0.44 0.62 3 28.5%
34 Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.86 0.60 14 -36.4%
35 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 0.56 6 368.4%
36 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 0.54 2 689.2%
37 University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (UCLH), United Kingdom (UK) 0.28 0.52 8 65.6%
38 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 0.50 4 539.0%
39 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.33 0.49 8 -66.4%
40 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 1.08 0.46 7 -61.7%
41 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 0.30 0.43 12 28.9%
42 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.42 4 6,240.9%
43 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.41 5 1,318.9%
44 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 1.08 0.41 14 -65.6%
45 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.48 0.39 6 -25.2%
46 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 0.37 0.39 6 -5.6%
47 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.32 0.39 10 9.3%
48 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.04 0.38 14 -66.9%
49 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.50 0.38 5 -32.1%
50 University of Stirling, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.37 6 1,028.2%
51 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.71 0.36 8 -54.6%
52 Zoological Society of London (ZSL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 0.33 3 114.0%
53 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 1.19 0.32 5 -75.7%
54 NERC National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO), United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.31 4 977.0%
55 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.30 10 58.6%
56 University of Brighton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.29 3 1,711.0%
57 SYSTEMIQ Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.29 1 N/A
58 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 0.28 6 562.2%
59 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 0.27 2 N/A
60 Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.42 0.26 2 -43.6%
61 Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust (OUH), United Kingdom (UK) 0.47 0.26 13 -50.6%
62 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.24 3 N/A
63 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.42 0.23 6 -49.7%
64 Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.23 2 5,838.9%
65 Vapourtec Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.22 1 N/A
66 University of Lincoln, United Kingdom (UK) 0.21 0.21 6 -9.5%
67 Bourn Hall Clinic, United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 0.20 1 67.4%
68 Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.20 3 2,963.0%
69 NHS Lothian, United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 0.20 8 59.4%
70 Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.19 8 -1.6%
71 Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.31 0.17 5 -48.3%
72 University of Ulster (UU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 2 N/A
73 TPP UK, United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 1 N/A
73 Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML), United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 1 N/A
74 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.15 7 16,049.0%
75 BirdLife International, United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 4 N/A
76 The Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (NUTH), United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 0.14 5 81.4%
77 Zoe Global Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1 N/A
78 The Gatsby Charitable Foundation (Gatsby), United Kingdom (UK) 0.19 0.12 1 -42.6%
79 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.12 7 -34.8%
80 NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde (NHSGGC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 0.12 5 336.5%
81 Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE), United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 0.11 4 417.7%
82 Headingley Enterprise and Arts Centre, United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 1 N/A
83 Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 5 N/A
84 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.11 3 1,893.9%
85 Oxford Instruments, United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 1 N/A
86 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 3 N/A
87 Rosalind Franklin Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 2 N/A
88 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 3 N/A
89 The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.09 4 N/A
90 Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust (MFT), United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.09 7 75.3%
91 Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust (LTHT), United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 0.09 7 -17.3%
92 University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust (UHB), United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 0.09 5 22.7%
93 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 0.09 9 21.3%
94 Birmingham Women's and Children's NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 3 N/A
95 Earlham Institute (EI), United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 0.08 2 -28.1%
96 Museum of London Archaeology (MOLA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 1 N/A
97 University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust (UHBristol), United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 0.08 4 302.3%
98 University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 6 N/A
99 University of Greenwich, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 0.07 1 185.0%
99 Edinburgh Napier University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 1 N/A
99 National Museums NI, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 1 N/A
99 Exscientia Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 1 N/A
100 Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 6 N/A

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.