2021 tables: Institutions - life sciences

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa 3.63 8.79 64 122.5%
2 University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (Wits University), South Africa 2.37 3.48 30 34.6%
3 University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), South Africa 1.57 3.22 20 88.2%
4 University of Pretoria (UP), South Africa 1.83 2.36 20 18.5%
5 Africa Health Research Institute, South Africa 0.69 2.21 12 194.8%
6 Nelson Mandela University (NMU), South Africa 0.35 1.76 8 366.4%
7 International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya 0.20 1.49 9 576.1%
8 National Museums of Kenya (NMK), Kenya 1.13 1.26 11 2.9%
9 Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Kenya 2.07 1.09 9 -51.6%
10 Stellenbosch University (SU), South Africa 2.30 1.08 23 -56.6%
11 University of Ghana, Ghana 0.98 1.03 11 -3.9%
12 Department of Science and Technology (DST), South Africa 1.50 0.83 12 -49.3%
13 National Research Centre (NRC), Egypt 0.51 0.82 11 48.7%
14 Makerere University, Uganda 0.30 0.79 11 145.6%
15 Rwanda Ministry of Health, Rwanda 0.75 2 N/A
16 South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC), South Africa 0.16 0.74 13 323.7%
17 Lajuma Research Centre, South Africa 0.05 0.61 1 1,079.0%
18 National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS), South Africa 1.06 0.59 11 -48.9%
19 University of Malawi, Malawi 0.70 0.57 5 -25.4%
20 University of Johannesburg (UJ), South Africa 1.06 0.56 8 -51.5%
21 University of Antananarivo, Madagascar 0.24 0.56 3 110.8%
22 University of Yaounde I (UYI), Cameroon 0.16 0.55 6 214.6%
23 Kibale Chimpanzee Project, Uganda 0.52 3 N/A
24 International Center for Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), Kenya 1.03 0.50 1 -55.3%
25 NRF South African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON), South Africa 0.49 4 N/A
26 Agence Nationale des Parcs Nationaux (ANPN), Gabon 0.00 0.48 4 9,992.8%
27 Burkina Faso Ministry of Health, Burkina Faso 0.06 0.47 1 623.2%
28 Rwanda Biomedical Centre (RBC), Rwanda 0.41 2 N/A
29 Centre for Research in Infectious Diseases (CRID), Cameroon 0.71 0.40 2 -48.0%
30 Ivory Coast Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MESRS), Ivory Coast 0.00 0.38 5 10,575.7%
31 Ambatovy Minerals, S.A. (AMSA), Madagascar 0.38 1 N/A
32 Eswatini Ministry of Health, Swaziland 0.37 3 N/A
33 African Butterfly Research Institute, Kenya 0.37 3 N/A
34 South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI), South Africa 0.32 0.35 4 1.1%
35 Agricultural Research Council (ARC), South Africa 0.02 0.33 2 1,160.9%
35 Midlands State University, Zimbabwe 0.33 1 N/A
35 Seychelles Fishing Authority (SFA), Seychelles 0.33 1 N/A
36 Cairo University (CU), Egypt 0.21 0.33 14 42.8%
37 Redeemer's University Nigeria (RUN), Nigeria 0.05 0.32 3 461.0%
38 University Hassan II Casablanca (UHII), Morocco 0.06 0.32 3 415.0%
39 Njala University, Sierra Leone 0.04 0.32 1 664.3%
40 Cheikh Anta Diop University (UCAD), Senegal 0.03 0.31 7 912.8%
41 Ifakara Health Institute, Tanzania 0.27 0.31 4 3.2%
42 Center for Health Research Manhica (CISM), Mozambique 0.12 0.30 3 133.4%
43 Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS), Kenya 0.30 3 N/A
44 Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI), Uganda 0.52 0.30 5 -47.0%
45 University of La Réunion, Reunion 0.42 0.30 14 -34.4%
46 University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 0.07 0.30 3 299.1%
47 Tunis El Manar University (UTM), Tunisia 0.13 0.29 4 101.7%
48 University of Makeni (UNIMAK), Sierra Leone 0.29 1 N/A
49 Hospital Center University Aristide Le Dantec (CHU Dakar), Senegal 0.29 1 N/A
49 Société d'exploitation du Parc de Lékédi (SODEPAL), Gabon 0.29 1 N/A
50 CSIR‐Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG), Ghana 0.11 0.28 4 142.0%
51 International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria 0.15 0.27 1 60.8%
52 University of Nairobi, Kenya 0.24 0.26 6 -1.1%
53 University of Science, Technique and Technologies of Bamako (USTTB), Mali 0.43 0.25 3 -47.1%
54 Nigeria Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), Nigeria 0.00 0.24 3 13,957.0%
55 Addis Ababa University (AAU), Ethiopia 1.20 0.24 6 -81.8%
56 Menoufia University, Egypt 0.24 2 N/A
57 Congo Ministry of Health, Congo 0.07 0.22 3 192.7%
58 University of Eldoret, Kenya 0.21 1 N/A
59 Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda 0.21 1 N/A
60 South Africa Department of Health (DOH), South Africa 0.02 0.21 1 1,151.1%
61 CURE Children's Hospital of Uganda, Uganda 0.21 2 N/A
62 Université des Sciences et Techniques de Masuku (USTM), Gabon 0.20 1 N/A
63 University of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso 0.20 2 N/A
64 Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique 0.16 0.19 3 11.1%
65 University of Kinshasa (UNIKIN), Congo 0.27 0.19 2 -33.6%
66 International Centre for Medical Research in Franceville (CIRMF), Gabon 0.19 4 N/A
67 University of Botswana (UB), Botswana 0.06 0.19 3 199.3%
68 Infectious Diseases Research Collaboration (IDRC), Uganda 0.08 0.19 3 108.6%
69 American University in Cairo (AUC), Egypt 0.14 0.18 2 24.9%
70 University of Buea (UB), Cameroon 0.67 0.18 4 -75.1%
71 Mpala Research Centre (MRCC), Kenya 0.18 3 N/A
72 Benha University, Egypt 0.03 0.18 2 391.0%
73 University of Rwanda, Rwanda 0.17 2 N/A
74 Council for Geoscience (CGS), South Africa 0.09 0.17 1 68.4%
74 Seychelles Ministry of Finance, Trade Investment and Economic Planning, Seychelles 0.17 1 N/A
75 Kuruman River Reserve, South Africa 0.83 0.16 2 -82.2%
76 Bandim Health Project (BHP), Guinea-Bissau 0.16 2 N/A
77 Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles (ISRA), Senegal 0.03 0.16 2 470.6%
78 Sierra Leone Ministry of Health and Sanitation, Sierra Leone 0.16 3 N/A
79 North-West University (NWU), South Africa 0.09 0.16 8 66.5%
80 African Institute for Mathematical Sciences (AIMS), South Africa 0.03 0.15 1 337.6%
81 Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (STIAS), South Africa 0.04 0.15 3 286.6%
82 African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC), Kenya 0.01 0.14 4 1,004.2%
83 Research-Development International Centre for Husbandry in Sub-Humid Area (CIRDES), Burkina Faso 0.14 2 N/A
84 Mansoura University, Egypt 0.52 0.14 3 -75.9%
85 University of Namibia (UNAM), Namibia 0.15 0.13 2 -23.1%
86 Uganda Ministry of Health, Uganda 0.38 0.13 1 -69.4%
86 Museums Association of Namibia (MAN), Namibia 0.13 1 N/A
86 Rift Valley Research Service, Ethiopia 0.13 1 N/A
86 The German University in Cairo (GUC), Egypt 0.13 1 N/A
87 Research Institute of Health Sciences (IRSS), Burkina Faso 0.80 0.12 5 -86.2%
88 University of the Free State (UFS), South Africa 0.34 0.12 3 -68.5%
89 Suez University, Egypt 0.17 0.11 2 -36.8%
90 University of Venda (UNIVEN), South Africa 0.27 0.11 1 -61.7%
90 Zambia Ministry of Health (MoH), Zambia 0.11 1 N/A
90 Vestergaard Frandsen (EA) Ltd, Kenya 0.11 1 N/A
91 Ghana Health Service (GHS), Ghana 0.03 0.11 3 262.7%
92 Suez Canal University (SCU), Egypt 0.05 0.10 3 92.6%
93 Haydom Lutheran Hospital, Tanzania 0.10 1 N/A
94 Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute (TAFIRI), Tanzania 0.10 2 N/A
95 Rhodes University (RU), South Africa 0.43 0.10 4 -79.5%
96 Enda Sante, Senegal 0.09 1 N/A
97 University of Khartoum, Sudan 0.06 0.09 2 45.4%
98 University of Dschang, Cameroon 0.09 2 N/A
98 Université Jean Lorougnon Guédé (UJLOG), Ivory Coast 0.09 2 N/A
99 Institut Norvégien de Santé Publique (INSP), Guinea 0.09 1 N/A
100 Zagazig University, Egypt 0.09 2 N/A

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.