2021 tables: Institutions - life sciences

Table criteria

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

2020 Institution Share 2019 Share 2020
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 653.96 682.38
2 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 356.11 374.68
3 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 309.62 327.01
4 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 203.67 218.36
5 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 199.78 215.71
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 203.34 201.52
7 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 172.82 199.68
8 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 182.89 196.21
9 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 151.31 195.79
10 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 180.10 193.47
11 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 150.39 172.95
12 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 155.13 169.35
13 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 155.67 159.62
14 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 139.66 144.55
15 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 127.89 140.31
16 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 131.79 140.09
17 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 149.76 139.74
18 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 146.32 137.58
19 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 151.90 134.02
20 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 101.82 119.79
21 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 106.30 105.86
22 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 85.62 103.93
23 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 74.63 101.63
24 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 96.37 101.41
25 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 82.85 97.31
26 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 100.72 94.00
27 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 86.29 90.84
28 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 78.55 85.26
29 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 97.56 84.68
30 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 82.93 83.61
31 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 88.91 81.26
32 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 59.18 80.07
33 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 63.37 78.01
34 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 55.69 76.30
35 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 71.54 75.00
36 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 73.81 65.66
37 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 67.26 65.07
38 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 43.22 65.01
39 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 55.62 64.72
40 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 59.20 63.62
41 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 72.92 60.47
42 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 47.90 55.85
43 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 38.09 55.57
44 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 58.05 54.88
45 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 42.65 54.83
46 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 48.51 54.42
47 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 48.54 54.29
48 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 55.45 50.84
49 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 60.58 50.83
50 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 53.63 47.99
51 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 47.36 47.54
52 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 46.27 46.12
53 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 38.88 45.90
54 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 41.01 44.67
55 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 23.07 44.59
56 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 33.39 44.14
57 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 50.88 42.33
58 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 42.47 40.78
59 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 32.82 40.66
60 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 27.65 38.94
61 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 27.91 37.54
62 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 41.44 36.17
63 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 24.23 35.28
64 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 32.83 35.05
65 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 30.97 34.30
66 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 26.12 33.82
67 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 44.90 32.28
68 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 23.96 32.24
69 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 30.33 32.20
70 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 37.73 31.87
71 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 27.00 31.65
72 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 27.72 31.06
73 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 30.58 31.04
74 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 18.15 30.66
75 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 25.84 30.21
76 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 18.88 30.06
77 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 31.47 29.30
78 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 28.76 28.78
79 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 32.42 28.77
80 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 28.82 28.71
81 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 22.44 28.64
82 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 17.01 28.21
83 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 42.89 27.79
84 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 20.20 26.93
85 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 20.74 26.11
86 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 24.70 25.58
87 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 29.42 25.11
88 Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), United States of America (USA) 23.64 23.79
89 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 15.80 22.42
90 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 9.54 21.15
91 The Jackson Laboratory (JAX), United States of America (USA) 15.20 20.70
92 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 20.54 20.09
93 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 15.20 19.98
94 The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UT Health San Antonio), United States of America (USA) 15.45 19.94
95 University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB), United States of America (USA) 14.36 19.77
96 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 18.49 19.65
97 City of Hope, United States of America (USA) 17.26 19.61
98 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 20.61 19.57
99 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 25.29 19.26
100 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 15.16 19.02

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.