2021 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 119.54 141.61 465 14.5%
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 101.79 99.79 753 -5.2%
3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 90.38 84.99 258 -9.1%
4 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 43.13 41.65 166 -6.6%
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 37.84 38.76 147 -0.9%
6 Max Planck Society, Germany 34.33 32.89 157 -7.3%
7 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 32.24 30.47 122 -8.6%
8 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 37.17 29.67 120 -22.8%
9 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 28.77 29.42 144 -1.1%
10 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 32.80 26.42 115 -22.1%
11 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 26.45 26.27 91 -3.9%
12 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 20.49 26.06 128 23.0%
13 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 17.87 26.04 78 40.9%
14 Leibniz Association, Germany 26.57 23.84 135 -13.3%
15 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 27.13 23.76 100 -15.3%
16 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 14.97 23.68 70 52.9%
17 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 24.20 23.67 80 -5.4%
18 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 16.84 22.46 85 29.0%
19 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 18.72 22.05 91 13.9%
20 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 21.74 21.29 337 -5.3%
21 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 17.88 20.54 66 11.1%
22 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 18.83 19.93 68 2.3%
23 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 13.39 19.03 49 37.4%
24 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 22.81 19.03 87 -19.3%
25 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 17.20 18.91 76 6.3%
26 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 10.71 17.47 45 57.8%
27 Stockholm University, Sweden 16.77 16.72 77 -3.6%
28 University of Paris, France 16.48 16.70 115 -2.0%
29 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 16.52 16.17 43 -5.4%
30 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 19.16 16.09 90 -18.8%
31 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 19.92 15.73 60 -23.7%
32 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 12.11 15.27 44 22.0%
33 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 9.82 15.06 64 48.2%
34 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 14.12 14.91 42 2.1%
35 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 24.72 14.54 54 -43.1%
36 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 14.30 14.42 67 -2.5%
37 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 20.01 13.89 84 -32.9%
38 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 18.72 13.72 79 -29.1%
39 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 14.62 13.39 64 -11.4%
40 University of Helsinki, Finland 12.18 13.14 58 4.3%
41 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 10.64 12.98 72 17.9%
42 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 17.49 12.49 69 -31.0%
43 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 11.54 11.86 46 -0.6%
44 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 14.02 11.81 42 -18.5%
45 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 13.63 11.33 53 -19.6%
46 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 10.27 11.08 49 4.3%
47 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 17.83 10.53 54 -42.9%
48 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 10.86 10.43 48 -7.1%
49 Sorbonne University, France 11.15 10.21 157 -11.5%
50 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 7.22 9.85 39 31.8%
51 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 8.19 9.40 44 10.9%
52 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 6.75 9.27 60 32.8%
53 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 6.65 8.72 31 26.9%
54 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 5.05 8.57 35 64.0%
55 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 10.72 8.50 46 -23.3%
56 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 4.26 8.48 24 92.6%
57 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 10.57 8.46 96 -22.6%
58 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 7.28 8.37 46 11.2%
59 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 8.20 8.25 35 -2.8%
60 University of Lorraine (UL), France 5.16 8.01 51 50.0%
61 University of Toulouse, France 9.17 7.97 92 -15.9%
62 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 5.70 7.70 39 30.5%
63 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 13.16 7.68 31 -43.5%
64 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 8.84 7.63 94 -16.6%
65 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 11.49 7.44 36 -37.4%
66 French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer), France 4.82 7.41 58 48.7%
67 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 8.98 7.38 22 -20.5%
68 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 7.82 7.34 36 -9.3%
69 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 7.75 7.28 36 -9.1%
70 University of Vienna, Austria 10.78 7.16 36 -35.8%
71 University of Potsdam, Germany 12.53 7.15 54 -44.8%
72 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 7.27 6.99 41 -7.0%
73 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 7.60 6.98 39 -11.3%
74 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 5.36 6.94 24 25.3%
75 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 8.26 6.92 82 -18.9%
76 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 6.66 6.88 47 -0.1%
77 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 4.32 6.86 30 53.7%
78 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 8.92 6.79 24 -26.4%
79 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 9.72 6.76 29 -32.8%
80 University of Lyon, France 6.49 6.66 76 -0.7%
81 European Commission (EC), Belgium 2.20 6.66 23 192.6%
82 University of Göttingen, Germany 4.22 6.63 37 51.9%
83 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 6.49 6.57 21 -2.1%
84 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 2.15 6.48 19 191.0%
85 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 3.54 6.26 34 71.0%
86 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 10.74 6.19 26 -44.3%
87 Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France 4.96 6.03 87 17.5%
88 German Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG), Germany 6.77 6.02 11 -14.0%
89 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 6.36 5.96 24 -9.4%
90 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 10.48 5.79 25 -46.6%
91 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 7.92 5.77 32 -29.5%
92 University of Iceland, Iceland 5.54 5.69 21 -0.6%
93 NERC National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), United Kingdom (UK) 4.19 5.61 45 29.5%
94 University Clermont Auvergne, France 3.22 5.58 40 67.4%
95 Lund University (LU), Sweden 6.43 5.56 29 -16.4%
96 France Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, France 5.89 5.50 87 -9.8%
97 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria 4.89 5.45 34 7.7%
98 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 2.25 5.43 22 133.3%
99 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 3.57 5.35 16 44.8%
100 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 5.47 5.27 25 -6.9%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.