2021 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 43.13 41.65 166 -6.6%
2 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 37.84 38.76 147 -0.9%
3 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 32.24 30.47 122 -8.6%
4 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 32.80 26.42 115 -22.1%
5 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 20.49 26.06 128 23.0%
6 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 27.13 23.76 100 -15.3%
7 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 16.84 22.46 85 29.0%
8 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 19.16 16.09 90 -18.8%
9 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 9.82 15.06 64 48.2%
10 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 18.72 13.72 79 -29.1%
11 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 14.62 13.39 64 -11.4%
12 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 17.49 12.49 69 -31.0%
13 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 14.02 11.81 42 -18.5%
14 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 13.63 11.33 53 -19.6%
15 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 10.27 11.08 49 4.3%
16 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 17.83 10.53 54 -42.9%
17 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 10.86 10.43 48 -7.1%
18 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 6.75 9.27 60 32.8%
19 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 8.20 8.25 35 -2.8%
20 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 7.82 7.34 36 -9.3%
21 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 5.36 6.94 24 25.3%
22 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 6.66 6.88 47 -0.1%
23 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 4.32 6.86 30 53.7%
24 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 9.72 6.76 29 -32.8%
25 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 3.54 6.26 34 71.0%
26 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 10.74 6.19 26 -44.3%
27 NERC National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), United Kingdom (UK) 4.19 5.61 45 29.5%
28 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 4.07 5.26 33 24.8%
29 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 7.26 5.22 27 -30.4%
30 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 1.26 5.22 15 301.1%
31 British Geological Survey (BGS), United Kingdom (UK) 4.62 4.89 35 2.3%
32 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 3.14 4.25 24 31.0%
33 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 2.98 4.24 15 37.5%
34 European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), United Kingdom (UK) 4.43 4.20 14 -8.3%
35 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 3.37 4.12 22 18.4%
36 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.85 3.58 19 86.8%
37 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 3.52 3.57 24 -1.8%
38 NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH), United Kingdom (UK) 3.68 3.55 21 -6.8%
39 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 2.40 3.36 19 35.3%
40 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 2.63 2.98 13 9.5%
41 Cranfield University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.34 2.89 17 19.4%
42 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.72 2.59 15 45.6%
43 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.80 2.47 16 -14.8%
44 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 4.53 2.41 13 -48.6%
45 Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML), United Kingdom (UK) 1.27 2.30 9 75.1%
46 NERC National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO), United Kingdom (UK) 3.72 2.07 30 -46.3%
47 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.91 1.89 15 -4.3%
48 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 4.34 1.88 12 -58.0%
49 Brunel University London, United Kingdom (UK) 0.39 1.84 6 353.1%
50 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom (UK) 2.42 1.78 11 -28.8%
51 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 1.24 1.73 17 35.1%
52 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 0.57 1.62 4 176.8%
53 Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.66 1.59 10 131.4%
54 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.07 1.49 7 34.9%
55 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 1.21 1.42 12 13.5%
56 London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), United Kingdom (UK) 1.12 1.33 8 15.0%
57 University of Ulster (UU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.73 1.30 5 72.6%
58 Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1.19 6 818.4%
59 Zoological Society of London (ZSL), United Kingdom (UK) 1.23 1.19 6 -6.9%
60 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 3.17 1.09 9 -66.9%
61 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.41 0.99 5 133.3%
62 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 2.05 0.95 11 -55.3%
63 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.86 3 2,897.5%
64 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 0.61 0.86 6 36.0%
65 University of the Highlands and Islands (UHI), United Kingdom (UK) 0.81 3 N/A
66 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 0.22 0.79 9 238.4%
67 Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.30 0.75 10 144.0%
68 University of Stirling, United Kingdom (UK) 1.67 0.74 11 -57.0%
69 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 0.15 0.69 4 332.2%
70 Unilever, United Kingdom (UK) 0.71 0.67 2 -9.0%
70 University of Brighton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.75 0.67 3 -14.1%
71 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 0.31 0.56 3 71.2%
72 Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.52 0.52 2 -2.4%
73 Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.08 0.51 4 -76.3%
74 Marine Biological Association of the UK, United Kingdom (UK) 1.09 0.50 1 -55.7%
74 Southern Water Services Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.50 1 N/A
75 BirdLife International, United Kingdom (UK) 0.12 0.46 9 280.5%
76 University of Lincoln, United Kingdom (UK) 0.76 0.44 5 -44.0%
77 The James Hutton Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 0.87 0.44 6 -51.1%
78 Scottish Water, United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 0.43 1 190.1%
79 Kingston University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.50 0.42 2 -19.4%
80 Ricardo Energy and Environment, United Kingdom (UK) 0.36 0.36 2 -1.4%
81 BP plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 0.36 2 179.3%
82 Cayman Islands Government, United Kingdom (UK) 0.36 1 N/A
83 Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.14 0.35 4 -84.1%
84 School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London (SOAS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.16 0.34 2 104.0%
85 University of Gloucestershire (UniGlos), United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 0.33 1 672.9%
85 Aston University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 0.33 1 190.1%
85 Birmingham City University (BCU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
85 The Faraday Institution, United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
86 Wessex Water Services Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 2 N/A
87 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.09 0.32 2 237.2%
88 Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 0.32 2 131.2%
89 Mirico Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.31 1 N/A
90 Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.31 2 N/A
91 London South Bank University (LSBU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.30 1 74.0%
91 Scotland's Rural College (SRUC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.57 0.30 1 -49.1%
92 SYSTEMIQ Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.29 1 N/A
93 ARUP, United Kingdom (UK) 0.12 0.29 2 134.8%
94 Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.27 11 3,838.2%
95 University of Bradford, United Kingdom (UK) 0.27 2 N/A
96 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.27 6 885.0%
97 Edge Hill University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 0.25 1 335.1%
97 University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom (UK) 0.09 0.25 2 165.9%
97 University of Roehampton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.45 0.25 1 -46.3%
97 RPS Group Plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
97 Sedgwick Museum of Earth Sciences, United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
97 Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland (BioSS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
97 Noctilucent Cloud Observing Network, United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
98 Silixa Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.22 1 N/A
98 HR Wallingford Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.22 2 N/A
99 Teesside University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.22 2 N/A
100 Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE), United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 0.20 5 43.0%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.