2021 tables: Institutions

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 168.34 199.80 552 14.4%
2 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 151.84 189.28 400 20.2%
3 Yonsei University, South Korea 88.08 96.57 317 5.7%
4 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 81.99 90.72 254 6.7%
5 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 84.80 90.69 221 3.1%
6 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 89.27 85.82 342 -7.3%
7 Korea University, South Korea 65.29 74.56 316 10.1%
8 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 86.95 73.37 280 -18.6%
9 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 53.23 43.08 187 -22.0%
10 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 40.55 42.86 181 1.9%
11 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 27.81 31.41 72 8.9%
12 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 24.17 30.48 158 21.6%
13 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 21.74 25.30 101 12.2%
14 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 27.15 23.13 80 -17.8%
15 Chung-Ang University (CAU), South Korea 20.88 22.13 56 2.2%
16 Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST), South Korea 15.84 19.65 47 19.7%
17 Kyungpook National University (KNU), South Korea 16.68 16.87 125 -2.5%
18 Samsung Group, South Korea 10.36 15.09 76 40.4%
19 Ajou University (AJOU), South Korea 11.92 14.93 44 20.7%
20 Sogang University, South Korea 12.59 14.11 42 8.0%
21 Chungnam National University (CNU), South Korea 14.32 13.13 56 -11.6%
22 Chonnam National University, South Korea 16.36 12.60 105 -25.7%
23 Jeonbuk National University (JBNU), South Korea 10.59 12.05 64 9.7%
24 University of Ulsan (UOU), South Korea 4.84 11.29 51 124.7%
25 University of Science and Technology (UST), South Korea 9.82 11.00 86 8.0%
26 Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT), South Korea 8.07 10.51 38 25.6%
27 Sejong University, South Korea 12.61 9.79 104 -25.1%
28 Korea Basic Science Institute (KBSI), South Korea 7.80 9.68 56 19.7%
29 Konkuk University, South Korea 10.61 9.55 36 -13.2%
30 Kangwon National University, South Korea 6.24 9.45 28 46.2%
31 Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), South Korea 6.11 8.95 36 41.4%
32 Inha University, South Korea 12.29 8.51 49 -33.2%
33 Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS), South Korea 8.23 8.22 22 -3.7%
34 Kwangwoon University, South Korea 3.77 7.50 12 91.7%
35 University of Seoul (UOS), South Korea 9.22 7.25 76 -24.2%
36 Chungbuk National University, South Korea 10.53 6.66 21 -39.0%
37 Gyeongsang National University (GNU), South Korea 13.37 6.10 30 -56.0%
38 Dongguk University, South Korea 9.29 5.59 25 -42.0%
39 Gachon University (GCU), South Korea 5.86 4.87 22 -19.8%
40 Yeungnam University, South Korea 5.16 4.77 12 -11.0%
41 Korea Polar Research Institute (KOPRI), South Korea 6.96 4.51 17 -37.6%
42 The Catholic University of Korea, South Korea 5.90 4.23 21 -30.8%
43 Sookmyung Women's University, South Korea 3.63 4.09 19 8.5%
44 Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI), South Korea 5.07 4.06 38 -22.6%
45 Incheon National University (INU), South Korea 4.24 3.83 20 -13.0%
46 Jeju National University, South Korea 1.51 3.71 10 137.0%
47 Korea Institute of Industrial Technology (KITECH), South Korea 1.07 3.20 12 187.8%
48 Hongik University, South Korea 1.09 3.17 10 179.4%
49 Soongsil University, South Korea 3.66 2.92 24 -23.1%
50 Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI), South Korea 1.64 2.86 11 67.9%
51 Kookmin University, South Korea 4.14 2.82 10 -34.4%
52 National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER), South Korea 1.64 2.79 5 64.7%
53 LG Corporation, South Korea 1.99 2.76 12 33.9%
54 Seoul National University of Science and Technology (SeoulTech), South Korea 4.04 2.71 6 -35.5%
55 Hallym University, South Korea 3.10 2.70 11 -16.0%
56 Myongji University, South Korea 2.90 2.60 6 -13.6%
57 Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER), South Korea 3.39 2.59 8 -26.3%
58 Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (HUFS), South Korea 2.35 2.57 5 5.4%
59 National Cancer Center (NCC), South Korea 2.90 2.50 19 -16.7%
60 Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute (KERI), South Korea 1.03 2.47 11 131.4%
61 Pukyong National University (PKNU), South Korea 3.77 2.37 20 -39.3%
62 Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI), South Korea 1.89 2.23 17 14.1%
63 Mokpo National University, South Korea 0.22 2.11 6 840.4%
64 Kunsan National University, South Korea 0.57 1.74 10 192.3%
65 Korea Brain Research Institute (KBRI), South Korea 1.90 1.72 10 -12.3%
66 Korea Institute of Materials Science (KIMS), South Korea 2.35 1.71 10 -29.8%
67 South Korea Ministry of Environment, South Korea 0.65 1.70 4 150.8%
68 Korea Institute of Ceramic Engineering and Technology (KICET), South Korea 1.82 1.68 7 -11.1%
69 Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology (KIOST), South Korea 4.36 1.59 3 -64.8%
70 Dankook University (DKU), South Korea 2.99 1.59 12 -48.7%
71 Changwon National University, South Korea 0.05 1.59 6 3,264.4%
72 CHA University (CHA), South Korea 1.87 1.52 7 -21.7%
73 Korea Institute of Machinery and Material (KIMM), South Korea 0.99 1.50 5 46.7%
74 Chosun University, South Korea 1.58 1.47 8 -10.4%
75 Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM), South Korea 1.11 1.45 10 26.1%
76 Kyonggi University (KGU), South Korea 1.59 1.43 4 -13.5%
77 Wonkwang University, South Korea 0.93 1.40 4 45.7%
78 Kongju National University, South Korea 1.68 1.30 10 -25.3%
79 Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA), South Korea 0.42 1.12 7 157.2%
80 Korea Electronics Technology Institute (KETI), South Korea 0.56 1.09 6 90.1%
81 Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology (GNTECH), South Korea 0.66 1.08 5 57.4%
82 Korea National University of Transportation (KNUT), South Korea 1.92 1.01 3 -49.1%
83 Hyupsung University, South Korea 0.08 1.00 1 1,057.1%
84 Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology (KICT), South Korea 1.03 0.97 2 -9.3%
85 Dong-A University, South Korea 1.18 0.97 8 -21.2%
86 Korea Institute of Medical Microrobotics Foundation, South Korea 0.44 0.91 2 100.2%
87 Cellivery, South Korea 0.89 1 N/A
88 Daegu Haany University, South Korea 0.95 0.86 4 -13.0%
89 Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information (KISTI), South Korea 1.32 0.83 41 -39.7%
90 South Korea Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW), South Korea 0.03 0.79 13 2,267.4%
91 Daegu University, South Korea 0.20 0.67 2 216.9%
92 Sangmyung University, South Korea 0.58 10 N/A
93 AmorePacific Corporation, South Korea 0.58 2 N/A
94 AbTis Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.57 1 N/A
95 Korea Institute of Toxicology (KIT), South Korea 0.13 0.57 4 322.2%
96 Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), South Korea 1.10 0.54 5 -52.4%
97 Seoul Women's University, South Korea 0.22 0.50 1 117.0%
97 Busan Water Authority, South Korea 0.40 0.50 1 20.5%
97 Korea National University of Education (KNUE), South Korea 0.50 1 N/A
98 Sungshin Women's University, South Korea 0.29 0.48 2 60.7%
99 Hyundai Motor Company, South Korea 0.54 0.46 3 -18.3%
100 Korea Military Academy (KMA), South Korea 0.29 0.45 2 49.6%
101 Sunchon National University (SCNU), South Korea 0.42 0.45 3 4.2%
102 Jeonju University, South Korea 0.45 2 N/A
103 EONE Laboratories, South Korea 0.29 0.44 2 50.0%
104 Korea Polytechnic University, South Korea 0.94 0.43 3 -55.6%
105 Daejin University, South Korea 1.23 0.43 1 -65.9%
106 Hanbat National University, South Korea 0.52 0.43 2 -19.6%
107 National Institute of Fisheries Science (NIFS), South Korea 0.40 0.43 1 3.3%
108 Biometrix Technology Inc. (BMT), South Korea 0.40 1 N/A
109 Keimyung University (KMU), South Korea 0.10 0.38 8 284.4%
110 Kolon Industries, Inc., South Korea 0.38 3 N/A
111 Lemonex Inc., South Korea 0.09 0.37 4 313.5%
112 University of Suwon (USW), South Korea 0.25 0.37 2 41.8%
113 Catholic University of Daegu, South Korea 0.14 0.37 4 149.7%
114 Dongshin University, South Korea 0.15 0.36 4 133.7%
115 Clinomics Inc., South Korea 0.35 2 N/A
116 Soonchunhyang University (SCH), South Korea 1.53 0.34 3 -78.8%
117 Sahmyook University, South Korea 0.25 0.33 2 28.6%
117 Il Yang Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., South Korea 0.33 1 N/A
117 Hyundai Heavy Industries Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.33 1 N/A
117 Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Co., Ltd. (DSME), South Korea 0.33 1 N/A
118 Theragen Etex Bio Institute, South Korea 0.02 0.32 2 1,185.7%
119 Sun Moon University (SMU), South Korea 1.00 0.31 2 -69.9%
120 Daegu Gyeongbuk Medical Innovation Foundation (DGMIF), South Korea 0.64 0.31 3 -52.9%
121 ExoStemTech Inc., South Korea 0.31 1 N/A
122 Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO), South Korea 0.10 0.30 1 189.3%
122 Seoul Viosys, South Korea 0.30 1 N/A
123 Korea Advanced Nano Fab Center (KANC), South Korea 0.13 0.29 2 106.6%
124 Gumi Electronics and Information Technology Research Institute, South Korea 0.17 0.28 2 60.7%
125 Inje University, South Korea 1.79 0.26 9 -86.2%
126 ILIAS Biologics Inc., South Korea 0.25 1 N/A
127 APEC Climate Center (APCC), South Korea 0.67 0.25 1 -63.8%
127 Research Institute of Industrial Science and Technology (RIST), South Korea 0.94 0.25 1 -74.4%
127 Feel the Same, Inc., South Korea 0.25 1 N/A
127 Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF), South Korea 0.25 1 N/A
127 Korean Academy of Science and Technology (KAST), South Korea 0.25 3 N/A
127 Bespin Global Inc., South Korea 0.25 1 N/A
127 LG-Hitachi Water Solutions Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.25 1 N/A
127 Pico Foundry Inc., South Korea 0.25 1 N/A
128 Tomocube, Inc., South Korea 0.11 0.24 3 104.2%
129 Catholic Kwandong University (CKU), South Korea 1.63 0.22 2 -86.8%
130 Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, South Korea 0.22 3 N/A
131 Gangneung-Wonju National University (GWNU), South Korea 0.32 0.21 24 -36.1%
132 KBIO Osong Medical Innovation Foundation, South Korea 0.31 0.21 2 -35.2%
133 Gwangju National University of Education (GNUE), South Korea 0.00 0.20 2 6,438.2%
134 SOL Bio Corporation, South Korea 0.20 1 N/A
134 Republic of Korea Army (ROKA), South Korea 0.20 1 N/A
134 Proteina Co Ltd., South Korea 0.20 1 N/A
134 SL BIGEN. Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.20 1 N/A
135 Silla University, South Korea 0.25 0.19 2 -25.0%
135 Korea Photonics Technology Institute (KOPTI), South Korea 0.38 0.19 2 -50.0%
136 Green Cross Corporation, South Korea 0.19 2 N/A
137 Kumoh National Institute of Technology (KIT), South Korea 2.04 0.18 2 -91.4%
138 GI Innovation Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.18 1 N/A
139 WizOptics Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.17 1 N/A
140 Konyang University, South Korea 0.25 0.16 3 -36.7%
141 CK Genomics, South Korea 0.16 1 N/A
142 South Korea Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS), South Korea 0.30 0.16 3 -48.0%
143 Marine Biodiversity Institute of Korea (MABIK), South Korea 0.06 0.16 2 146.1%
144 Asan Medical Institute of Convergence Science and Technology (AMIST), South Korea 0.16 1 N/A
145 Hannam University, South Korea 0.50 0.16 2 -70.0%
146 ZTI Biosciences, Inc., South Korea 0.15 1 N/A
147 Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine (KIOM), South Korea 0.06 0.15 2 145.2%
148 Seoul National University of Education (SNEU), South Korea 0.57 0.15 2 -75.3%
149 Ellipso Technology Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.14 1 N/A
149 Gyeonggi Business Science Accelerator, South Korea 0.14 1 N/A
149 Techcross Co Ltd., South Korea 0.14 1 N/A
149 South Korea Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MSIP), South Korea 0.14 1 N/A
149 JDKBIO lnc., South Korea 0.14 1 N/A
150 Aventi Inc., South Korea 0.14 1 N/A
151 Novomics Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.14 1 N/A
152 MedPacto Inc., South Korea 0.13 2 N/A
153 JEUK Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.13 1 N/A
154 Macrogen Inc., South Korea 0.08 0.13 3 67.8%
155 Green Technology Center (GTC), South Korea 0.08 0.13 1 56.7%
155 Duksung Women's University, South Korea 0.08 0.13 1 44.6%
155 Korea Institute of S&T Evaluation and Planning (KISTEP), South Korea 0.35 0.13 1 -65.7%
155 SK holdings, South Korea 0.52 0.13 1 -76.8%
155 RNDWARE Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.13 1 N/A
155 Phyzen, South Korea 0.13 1 N/A
155 Industrial Microbiology Center, South Korea 0.13 1 N/A
155 National Institute of Ecology (NIE), South Korea 0.13 1 N/A
156 Seoul Medical Center, South Korea 0.12 1 N/A
157 Intelligent Synthetic Biology Center, South Korea 0.17 0.12 2 -32.8%
158 Dongseo University (DSU), South Korea 0.25 0.11 1 -57.1%
158 Korea Automotive Technology Institute (KATECH), South Korea 0.64 0.11 1 -83.3%
158 Seoul Institute of Technology (SIT), South Korea 0.11 1 N/A
158 CoAsia Corporation, South Korea 0.11 1 N/A
158 Seoul Zoo, South Korea 0.11 1 N/A
158 DKC Corporation, South Korea 0.11 1 N/A
158 Orum Therapeutics Inc., South Korea 0.11 1 N/A
159 Biographene Inc., South Korea 0.10 1 N/A
160 Biosensor Laboratories Inc., South Korea 0.10 1 N/A
161 Andong National University, South Korea 0.17 0.10 1 -42.1%
161 Korea Environment Institute (KEI), South Korea 0.23 0.10 1 -57.6%
161 Seowon University, South Korea 0.10 1 N/A
161 Dongmoon Ent Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.10 1 N/A
161 Republic of Korea Naval Academy (ROKNA), South Korea 0.10 1 N/A
162 Exopert Corporation, South Korea 0.10 1 N/A
163 KLIEN Inc., South Korea 0.09 1 N/A
163 Natura Center of Life and Environment, South Korea 0.09 1 N/A
163 NOROO Holdings Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.09 1 N/A
164 TMD Lab, South Korea 0.03 0.09 2 207.1%
165 NANOBASE Inc., South Korea 0.07 0.08 1 12.5%
165 College of Korean Medicine, Semyung University, South Korea 0.08 1 N/A
165 4Toone Corporation, South Korea 0.08 1 N/A
165 Phi Biomed Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.08 1 N/A
166 International Vaccine Institute (IVI), South Korea 0.10 0.08 4 -23.8%
167 IVIM Technology, South Korea 0.08 1 N/A
168 Celemics, Inc., South Korea 0.14 0.08 1 -46.6%
169 GNT Pharma Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.07 1 N/A
170 Handong Global University (HGU), South Korea 0.71 0.07 1 -90.2%
170 Nano-Bio Regenerative Technology Company Ltd., South Korea 0.07 1 N/A
170 ENF Technology Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.07 1 N/A
170 AmtixBio Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.07 1 N/A
171 Seoyeong University, South Korea 0.03 0.07 2 100.5%
172 GENOME INSIGHT, Inc., South Korea 0.07 2 N/A
173 PSK Inc., South Korea 0.07 1 N/A
173 Korea Maritime Institute (KMI), South Korea 0.07 1 N/A
173 SeouLin Bioscience Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.07 1 N/A
174 Korea Mouse Phenotyping Center (KMPC), South Korea 0.22 0.06 2 -72.0%
175 Gyeongbuk Science and Technology Promotion Center (GBSP), South Korea 0.10 0.06 1 -42.1%
175 Curocell Inc., South Korea 0.06 1 N/A
175 ChunLab, Inc., South Korea 0.06 1 N/A
176 Graphene Square Inc. (GSI), South Korea 0.06 1 N/A
176 CK Biotechnology Inc., South Korea 0.06 1 N/A
176 Bio Imaging Korea Seoul, Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.06 1 N/A
177 Korea Rural Community Corporation, South Korea 0.05 1 N/A
178 NanoIn Inc., South Korea 0.05 1 N/A
179 Penta Medix Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.05 0.05 1 -3.6%
179 Kwangju Women's University, South Korea 0.05 1 N/A
179 National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR), South Korea 0.05 1 N/A
179 Hanwha Marine Biology Research Center, South Korea 0.05 1 N/A
180 Cell2in Co., Ltd., South Korea 0.05 1 N/A
181 National Institute of Animal Science (NIAS), South Korea 0.19 0.05 1 -76.3%
181 Seoul Veterans Hospital, South Korea 0.05 1 N/A
181 GenoFocus Inc., South Korea 0.05 1 N/A
182 Genome Research Foundation (GRF), South Korea 0.04 1 N/A
183 Kosin University, South Korea 0.25 0.04 1 -84.0%
183 Seoul-Teracom, Inc., South Korea 0.04 1 N/A
184 Korea Food Research Institute (KFRI), South Korea 0.35 0.04 2 -89.2%
185 LegoChemBio (LCB), South Korea 0.04 1 N/A
186 Bioway Inc., South Korea 0.04 1 N/A
187 Daejeon Sejong Research Institute (DSRI), South Korea 0.03 1 N/A
187 Korea Nazarene University (KNU), South Korea 0.03 1 N/A
188 ToolGen, Inc., South Korea 0.38 0.03 1 -92.1%
189 Syntekabio Inc., South Korea 0.03 4 N/A
190 NDBio Therapeutics Inc., South Korea 0.03 1 N/A
191 Korea Veterans Health Service (KVHS), South Korea 0.02 1 N/A
192 Daerim St. Mary's Hospital, South Korea 0.02 2 N/A
193 KoBioLabs, Inc., South Korea 0.09 0.02 1 -79.2%
194 Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA), South Korea 0.01 1 N/A
195 Paean Biotechnology Inc., South Korea 0.01 1 N/A
196 PDXen Biosystems Inc., South Korea 0.01 4 N/A
197 Korea Institute of Environmental Ecology, South Korea 0.01 1 N/A
198 National Health Insurance Service (NIHS), South Korea 0.00 0.00 1 -3.6%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.