2021 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

2020 Institution Share 2019 Share 2020
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1,813.62 1,886.71
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 923.94 927.26
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 767.84 794.62
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 730.01 711.66
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 647.66 638.05
6 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 489.43 580.16
7 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 561.57 526.26
8 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 431.41 461.85
9 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 455.82 458.80
10 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 419.32 456.45
11 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 456.35 448.50
12 Peking University (PKU), China 438.30 446.11
13 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 408.57 425.66
14 Nanjing University (NJU), China 426.56 417.89
15 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 394.26 401.14
16 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 343.84 398.64
17 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 390.15 394.96
18 Tsinghua University, China 429.01 394.09
19 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 403.35 377.72
20 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 339.38 356.24
21 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 314.15 343.33
22 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 330.20 342.07
23 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 339.11 339.09
24 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 342.62 338.45
25 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 304.14 331.37
26 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 320.19 315.87
27 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 317.97 315.58
28 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 301.04 307.72
29 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 253.73 300.27
30 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 244.55 295.15
31 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 286.98 293.44
32 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 287.39 293.38
33 Fudan University, China 271.65 291.18
34 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 261.02 275.69
35 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 260.16 269.22
36 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 303.96 268.45
37 Kyoto University, Japan 252.11 267.94
38 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 222.32 260.84
39 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 268.84 260.31
40 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 221.28 254.49
41 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 238.09 252.21
42 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 197.50 236.51
43 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 215.93 235.14
44 Nankai University (NKU), China 244.90 230.53
45 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 200.57 227.29
46 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 197.60 221.64
47 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 128.09 221.61
48 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 231.95 221.41
49 Sichuan University (SCU), China 223.78 220.61
50 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 227.20 218.93
51 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 207.22 217.50
52 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 230.70 216.17
53 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 214.52 214.59
54 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 216.73 211.46
55 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 236.08 209.27
56 Wuhan University (WHU), China 217.16 208.92
57 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 192.48 202.12
58 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 168.34 199.80
59 Leibniz Association, Germany 200.83 199.01
60 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 200.75 197.29
61 Soochow University, China 229.36 197.13
62 Xiamen University (XMU), China 182.90 195.41
63 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 164.45 190.52
64 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 151.84 189.28
65 Osaka University, Japan 182.59 185.04
66 Jilin University (JLU), China 161.88 180.65
67 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 146.61 177.77
68 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 168.66 175.53
69 Tianjin University (TJU), China 157.12 173.64
70 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 153.37 173.55
71 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 162.19 171.90
72 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 195.02 171.84
73 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 170.48 167.53
74 RIKEN, Japan 124.74 164.48
75 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 184.11 162.96
76 Tohoku University, Japan 142.55 162.21
77 McGill University, Canada 161.37 161.48
78 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 154.85 161.35
79 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 116.36 160.78
80 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 145.73 160.31
81 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 139.82 159.44
82 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 157.10 159.15
83 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 151.43 158.41
84 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 142.81 156.03
85 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 163.40 155.95
86 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 133.32 155.01
87 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 136.10 152.46
88 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 140.78 152.36
89 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 162.63 149.61
90 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 146.03 148.40
91 Nagoya University, Japan 112.83 147.44
92 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 150.74 143.33
93 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 136.44 143.13
94 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 109.32 140.77
95 Hunan University (HNU), China 144.25 140.66
96 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 116.93 140.07
97 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 138.84 138.21
98 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 134.57 137.69
99 Shandong University (SDU), China 122.11 135.80
100 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 149.51 134.95
101 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 137.33 134.69
102 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 117.25 134.27
103 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 149.30 132.42
104 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 144.05 132.32
105 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 126.92 130.37
106 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 108.72 130.25
107 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 124.28 129.29
108 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 120.74 127.97
109 Tongji University, China 110.20 127.16
110 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 117.61 126.65
111 Monash University, Australia 131.79 125.43
112 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 120.55 125.36
113 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 115.64 125.12
114 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 115.86 124.72
115 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 122.99 123.26
116 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 123.60 121.55
117 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 98.17 121.38
118 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 97.55 119.95
119 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 119.60 119.40
120 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 93.61 118.80
121 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 93.00 118.40
122 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 139.00 117.04
123 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 93.13 116.53
124 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 114.79 115.01
125 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 107.66 114.89
126 Hokkaido University, Japan 111.33 113.26
127 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 119.42 113.14
128 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 108.96 112.78
129 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 107.02 112.44
130 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 111.89 112.25
131 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 113.33 111.61
132 Kyushu University, Japan 100.61 111.36
133 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 102.52 110.75
134 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 117.86 108.76
135 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 118.97 108.47
136 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 97.09 107.41
137 Sorbonne University, France 111.40 104.53
138 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 97.25 104.47
139 University of Göttingen, Germany 101.31 103.86
140 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 80.58 103.38
141 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 90.57 103.00
142 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 113.20 102.73
143 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 84.68 101.62
144 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 96.40 101.27
145 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 93.80 100.78
146 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 104.17 100.43
147 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 89.62 100.36
148 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 106.46 99.54
149 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 102.96 99.51
150 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 72.51 99.06
151 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 102.31 98.84
152 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 105.66 97.02
153 Yonsei University, South Korea 88.08 96.57
154 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 86.95 95.42
155 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 93.57 95.22
156 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 90.21 94.91
157 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 83.10 94.89
158 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 92.06 94.54
159 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 108.53 93.80
160 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 67.21 93.41
161 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 105.83 92.81
162 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 90.90 92.57
163 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 84.93 91.85
164 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 90.59 91.82
165 Stockholm University, Sweden 82.46 91.35
166 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 96.88 91.30
167 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 91.37 91.17
168 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 108.21 90.79
169 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 81.99 90.72
170 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 84.80 90.69
171 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 80.84 90.48
172 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 86.91 90.04
173 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 78.66 89.87
174 Central South University (CSU), China 87.64 88.77
175 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 94.38 88.75
176 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 82.42 87.75
177 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 104.58 87.71
178 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 85.04 87.61
179 Leiden University, Netherlands 82.57 86.37
180 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 75.80 86.20
181 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 105.20 85.87
182 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 89.27 85.82
183 Lund University (LU), Sweden 77.27 85.66
184 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 71.44 85.43
185 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 86.39 84.94
186 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 88.05 84.28
187 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 93.60 84.17
188 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 77.74 84.13
189 Southeast University (SEU), China 81.26 83.88
190 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 62.26 83.12
191 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 65.41 82.54
192 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 78.96 82.36
193 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 65.36 82.03
194 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 72.41 81.43
195 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 75.76 80.69
196 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 71.21 79.97
197 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 85.03 79.94
198 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 91.95 79.51
199 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 72.67 79.49
200 University of Paris, France 70.77 79.22
201 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 95.46 79.17
202 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 87.23 78.79
203 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 69.05 78.36
204 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 86.04 78.07
205 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 68.37 77.31
206 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 69.66 77.15
207 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 84.51 77.07
208 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 84.82 76.97
209 Southwest University (SWU), China 78.21 76.68
210 Beihang University (BUAA), China 90.07 76.54
211 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 74.45 76.52
212 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 88.98 76.13
213 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 75.96 76.08
214 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 77.55 75.99
215 Jinan University (JNU), China 66.02 75.97
216 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 71.49 75.84
217 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 65.43 75.31
218 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 74.16 75.29
219 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 62.85 75.28
220 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 83.98 75.26
221 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 62.35 74.99
222 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 71.91 74.99
223 Chongqing University (CQU), China 59.18 74.92
224 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 80.45 74.72
225 Korea University, South Korea 65.29 74.56
226 University of Vienna, Austria 86.40 74.22
227 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 75.20 74.06
228 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 64.25 74.04
229 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 73.57 74.00
230 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 86.06 73.87
231 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 86.95 73.37
232 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 64.18 72.62
233 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 74.38 72.60
234 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 66.98 72.58
235 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 63.15 71.47
236 University of Waterloo, Canada 70.86 71.36
237 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 65.33 71.20
238 ShanghaiTech University, China 53.00 70.41
239 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 64.91 70.08
240 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 79.91 69.98
241 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 73.22 69.83
242 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 73.63 68.89
243 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 59.37 68.47
244 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 55.96 68.32
245 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 72.19 68.24
246 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 73.40 66.82
247 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 63.55 66.57
248 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 60.51 65.83
249 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 71.21 65.52
250 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 68.24 65.48
251 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.55 65.23
252 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 61.63 64.79
253 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 45.50 64.72
254 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 51.87 64.15
255 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 63.92 64.11
256 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 44.04 63.80
257 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 52.77 63.62
258 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 56.42 63.47
259 University of Helsinki, Finland 63.18 63.27
260 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 75.24 63.21
261 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 66.10 62.70
262 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 61.04 62.04
263 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 62.19 61.53
264 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 59.49 61.07
265 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 52.69 60.75
266 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 57.90 60.60
267 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 69.86 60.58
268 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 90.26 60.23
269 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 47.80 60.08
270 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 65.56 60.04
271 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 50.81 60.00
272 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 63.54 59.82
273 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 54.46 59.74
274 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 58.63 59.36
275 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 61.33 59.33
276 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 51.76 59.09
277 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 42.07 59.04
278 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 52.15 58.84
279 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 52.25 58.31
280 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 49.36 58.24
281 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 41.77 58.02
282 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 57.11 57.08
283 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 51.25 56.51
284 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 57.70 56.21
285 Northwest University (NWU), China 54.93 55.76
286 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 53.51 55.58
287 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 48.08 55.12
288 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 54.31 55.05
289 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 49.33 54.78
290 Shanghai University (SHU), China 60.39 54.63
291 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 43.80 54.46
292 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 68.70 54.31
293 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 48.53 54.23
294 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 63.57 54.17
295 University of Strasbourg, France 58.89 54.14
296 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 56.83 53.48
297 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 47.13 52.85
298 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 35.78 52.35
299 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 45.96 52.35
300 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 50.41 52.05
301 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 53.23 51.66
302 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 46.91 51.61
303 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 55.54 51.12
304 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 50.01 51.11
305 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 44.56 50.79
306 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 32.83 50.76
307 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 57.49 50.64
308 University of Tsukuba, Japan 54.92 50.62
309 Keio University, Japan 43.65 49.69
310 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 51.98 49.60
311 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 47.24 49.59
312 University of Toulouse, France 52.14 49.43
313 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 55.87 49.22
314 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 43.88 49.21
315 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 32.00 48.84
316 The University of Dublin, Ireland 41.97 48.79
317 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 48.85 48.71
318 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 42.32 48.43
319 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 39.30 48.33
320 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 58.03 48.31
321 Henan University (HENU), China 45.77 48.27
322 Pasteur Institute, France 34.53 48.22
323 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 43.78 48.06
324 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 38.02 47.19
325 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 46.19 47.10
326 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 46.37 47.02
327 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 40.97 47.01
328 Donghua University (DHU), China 42.70 46.96
329 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 41.27 46.87
330 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 49.71 46.83
331 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 43.61 46.82
332 University of Lyon, France 45.72 46.74
333 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 45.41 46.70
334 University of Konstanz, Germany 52.51 46.70
335 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 49.24 46.53
336 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 53.86 46.48
337 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 42.95 46.41
338 University of Montpellier, France 43.69 46.41
339 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 55.45 46.24
340 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 39.92 46.05
341 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 41.84 45.98
342 Guangdong University of Technology (GDUT), China 25.03 45.77
343 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 36.29 45.77
344 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 40.66 45.44
345 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 42.47 45.09
346 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 42.88 44.96
347 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 46.65 44.58
348 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 60.92 44.48
349 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 41.72 44.44
350 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 39.24 44.21
351 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 53.67 43.91
352 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 55.08 43.88
353 Western University (UWO), Canada 53.02 43.79
354 Anhui University (AHU), China 27.04 43.59
355 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 41.52 43.59
356 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 51.50 43.56
357 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 40.77 43.23
358 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 33.59 43.17
359 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 53.23 43.08
360 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 40.91 42.96
361 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 35.26 42.87
362 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 40.55 42.86
363 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 34.84 42.63
364 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 45.42 42.60
365 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 38.44 42.59
366 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 32.35 42.12
367 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 35.88 42.05
368 McMaster University, Canada 44.57 41.81
369 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 25.66 41.79
370 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 47.29 41.75
371 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 41.02 41.72
372 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 43.92 41.66
373 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 39.90 41.21
374 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 49.82 40.92
375 Nanchang University (NCU), China 40.74 40.58
376 Shanxi University (SXU), China 28.72 40.48
377 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 45.65 40.31
378 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 43.02 39.94
379 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 49.76 39.90
380 Yangzhou University (YZU), China 37.60 39.78
381 Jiangnan University, China 36.18 39.67
382 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 30.18 39.60
383 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 30.80 39.33
384 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 32.03 38.66
385 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 33.10 38.65
386 Aalto University, Finland 39.47 38.49
387 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 42.91 38.17
388 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 24.94 38.16
389 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 37.24 38.14
390 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 46.00 38.03
391 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 42.32 37.59
392 University of Bordeaux, France 36.94 37.52
393 University of Stuttgart, Germany 37.45 37.49
394 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 45.74 37.45
395 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 39.77 37.45
396 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 27.28 37.39
397 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 26.73 37.32
398 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 21.14 37.30
399 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 39.69 36.78
400 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 41.85 36.72
401 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 31.13 36.68
402 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 31.39 36.68
403 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 32.75 36.63
404 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 40.86 36.61
405 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 36.52 36.61
406 Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), China 42.74 36.56
407 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 34.50 36.05
408 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 32.39 35.98
409 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 28.90 35.85
410 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 33.83 35.80
411 Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China 24.40 35.67
412 Northeastern University (NEU), China 25.67 35.64
413 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 30.02 35.52
414 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 43.65 35.50
415 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 31.21 35.25
416 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 50.31 35.19
417 Okayama University, Japan 41.25 35.01
418 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 22.70 34.76
419 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 43.53 34.48
420 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 28.86 34.21
421 Ulm University, Germany 37.67 34.17
422 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 27.59 34.16
423 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 32.35 34.12
424 Leipzig University, Germany 33.22 34.10
425 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 46.31 34.10
426 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 31.81 33.86
427 Anhui Normal University (AHNU), China 17.54 33.56
428 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 30.44 33.36
429 Henan Normal University, China 48.80 33.30
430 Kobe University, Japan 21.63 33.23
431 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 23.24 33.01
432 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 28.84 32.71
433 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 34.52 32.61
434 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 33.12 32.57
435 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 22.02 32.49
436 Ningbo University (NBU), China 17.06 32.49
437 Curtin University, Australia 35.93 32.48
438 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.23 32.41
439 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 30.65 32.40
440 University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Australia 21.93 32.15
441 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 38.45 32.04
442 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 25.40 31.87
443 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 29.22 31.87
444 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 39.44 31.85
445 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 29.12 31.76
446 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 27.78 31.53
447 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 27.81 31.41
448 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 27.69 31.12
449 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 31.88 31.08
450 Waseda University, Japan 25.63 31.07
451 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 25.92 30.86
452 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 38.66 30.78
453 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 30.30 30.64
454 Tianjin University of Technology (TJUT), China 20.87 30.57
455 TU Dortmund University, Germany 35.12 30.50
456 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 24.17 30.48
457 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 34.97 30.43
458 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 32.83 30.41
459 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 34.69 30.10
460 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 31.31 30.07
461 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 32.75 30.05
462 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 25.53 30.04
463 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 30.36 30.00
464 Yunnan University (YNU), China 24.19 29.94
465 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 24.76 29.66
466 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan 21.90 29.66
467 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 22.83 29.63
468 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 32.75 29.54
469 Queen's University, Canada 23.77 29.50
470 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 27.14 29.47
471 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 44.27 29.35
472 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 23.99 29.22
473 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 36.93 29.12
474 Chiba University, Japan 21.27 29.10
475 Laval University (UL), Canada 33.57 29.09
476 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 34.74 29.07
477 Macquarie University, Australia 29.09 29.01
478 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 24.49 28.55
479 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 43.62 28.46
480 Wenzhou University (WZU), China 14.29 28.38
481 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 33.84 28.35
482 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 22.64 28.32
483 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 30.33 28.32
484 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 42.07 28.23
485 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 36.66 28.20
486 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 26.35 28.18
487 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 34.48 28.11
488 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 25.10 28.10
489 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 24.14 28.08
490 Tulane University, United States of America (USA) 21.34 28.00
491 Hebei University (HBU), China 16.82 27.97
492 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 30.09 27.90
493 Bielefeld University, Germany 20.06 27.89
494 University of Otago, New Zealand 32.88 27.59
495 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 26.99 27.26
496 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 42.62 27.06
497 Southern Medical University (SMU), China 21.66 26.93
498 Simons Foundation, United States of America (USA) 18.97 26.92
499 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 27.95 26.86
500 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 51.00 26.74

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.