2021 tables: Institutions - physical sciences - academic

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 146.67 175.63 541 11.5%
2 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 120.97 126.41 476 -2.7%
3 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 85.87 95.78 404 3.8%
4 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 52.42 51.57 280 -8.4%
5 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 51.61 46.68 148 -15.8%
6 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 41.25 44.78 178 1.0%
7 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 43.04 40.95 245 -11.4%
8 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 24.14 32.08 145 23.7%
9 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.03 31.78 180 18.2%
10 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 28.51 30.35 142 -0.9%
11 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 13.97 28.19 91 87.9%
12 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 28.34 26.95 82 -11.5%
13 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 33.80 24.72 210 -31.9%
14 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 31.47 22.00 185 -34.9%
15 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 13.34 20.43 52 42.6%
16 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 22.08 20.11 183 -15.2%
17 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 19.86 19.18 130 -10.1%
18 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 15.30 16.67 166 1.4%
19 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 10.19 16.00 46 46.2%
20 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 12.88 14.84 184 7.2%
21 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 8.97 13.36 106 38.7%
22 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 8.79 12.63 77 33.6%
23 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 17.71 10.45 57 -45.1%
24 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 9.48 10.17 38 -0.2%
25 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 8.18 9.06 48 3.1%
26 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 14.31 8.50 40 -44.7%
27 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 7.25 7.63 45 -2.0%
28 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 5.38 7.57 37 31.1%
29 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 9.14 6.98 37 -28.9%
30 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 8.73 6.80 45 -27.5%
31 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 6.59 6.35 31 -10.3%
32 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 3.77 4.78 23 17.8%
33 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.72 3.89 13 406.4%
34 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.35 3.66 16 44.8%
35 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 1.89 3.63 23 78.7%
36 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 2.30 3.35 19 35.5%
37 City, University of London (CUL), United Kingdom (UK) 2.38 3.27 12 28.3%
38 Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.23 3.04 10 1,145.8%
39 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 1.64 3.03 8 72.0%
40 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 6.15 2.57 76 -61.2%
41 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.79 2.38 20 180.4%
42 Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), United Kingdom (UK) 4.10 2.05 12 -53.5%
43 Aston University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.32 2.04 6 44.0%
44 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 1.75 2.01 21 6.8%
45 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 1.65 1.96 8 10.7%
46 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.31 1.93 13 472.3%
47 University of the West of Scotland (UWS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.78 1.44 23 71.7%
48 University of Ulster (UU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.75 1.43 2 77.3%
49 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 1.21 1.42 23 8.8%
50 University of Hertfordshire (UH), United Kingdom (UK) 3.94 1.25 6 -70.5%
51 University of Brighton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 1.24 7 752.0%
52 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 0.23 1.23 8 403.5%
53 Royal Veterinary College, University of London (RVC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 1.13 4 2,504,566.6%
54 University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), United Kingdom (UK) 0.41 1.09 6 150.8%
55 University of Lincoln, United Kingdom (UK) 0.86 1.04 7 12.8%
56 Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.61 1.01 5 53.1%
57 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 1.05 0.95 7 -15.6%
58 Teesside University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 0.88 1 2,180.7%
59 University of London - Goldsmiths, United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 0.35 4 322.5%
60 Birmingham City University (BCU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
61 Cranfield University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 2 N/A
62 Bournemouth University (BU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.28 2 N/A
63 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 0.54 0.26 3 -55.0%
64 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 1.76 0.25 6 -86.7%
65 Coventry University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.66 0.25 1 -64.6%
66 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 0.25 4 73.8%
67 University of Greenwich, United Kingdom (UK) 0.24 2 N/A
68 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 0.38 0.24 3 -40.0%
69 Brunel University London, United Kingdom (UK) 0.46 0.22 54 -54.5%
70 University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.26 0.21 2 -22.8%
71 Royal Latin School, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
71 Sherborne School, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
71 Badminton School, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
72 University of the West of England (UWE), United Kingdom (UK) 0.18 0.18 2 -9.7%
73 University of the Highlands and Islands (UHI), United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1 N/A
74 University of Salford, United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 0.11 1 86.2%
74 University of South Wales, United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 1 N/A
74 Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 1 N/A
74 University of Bradford, United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 1 N/A
75 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.56 0.10 1 -83.2%
76 Royal College of Art (RCA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 1 N/A
77 Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 1 N/A
78 University of Bolton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 0.04 1 0.2%
79 University of Westminster, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 2 N/A
80 Scotland's Rural College (SRUC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
81 Truro School, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 1 N/A
82 University of Stirling, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.01 1 40.2%
83 St George's, University of London (SGUL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 0.01 3 -88.5%
84 Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.01 1 -81.9%
85 Anglia Ruskin University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.26 0.01 2 -97.0%
86 School of Advanced Study, University of London (SAS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.01 2 18,404.1%
86 School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London (SOAS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.01 2 18,404.1%
86 Royal Central School of Speech and Drama (RCSSD), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.01 2 18,404.1%
86 Royal Academy of Music (RAM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.01 2 18,404.1%
86 Heythrop College, University of London (HEY), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.01 2 18,404.1%
86 London Business School (LBS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.01 2 18,404.1%
86 The Courtauld Institute of Art (CIA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.01 2 18,404.1%
86 London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 0.01 2 -96.9%
87 Abertay University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.01 3 42.9%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.