2021 tables: Institutions - physical sciences - academic

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 Sorbonne University, France 52.96 53.93 551 -5.2%
2 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 35.23 31.22 376 -17.5%
3 University of Paris, France 22.41 29.27 391 21.6%
4 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 22.52 19.25 292 -20.4%
5 University of Lyon, France 17.65 16.59 193 -12.5%
6 University of Strasbourg, France 12.82 14.80 165 7.5%
7 École Polytechnique, France 11.78 12.88 276 1.9%
8 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 10.11 12.20 184 12.3%
9 University of Montpellier, France 9.02 9.54 70 -1.6%
10 ESPCI ParisTech, France 8.35 8.59 136 -4.3%
11 University of Bordeaux, France 10.23 8.57 74 -21.9%
12 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 8.67 8.50 97 -8.8%
13 Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), France 11.63 8.37 186 -33.0%
14 University of Toulouse, France 10.65 8.28 89 -27.6%
15 Collège de France, France 6.52 8.14 136 16.3%
16 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 9.38 8.12 146 -19.4%
17 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 6.22 6.98 55 4.4%
18 University of Lorraine (UL), France 5.53 6.20 39 4.4%
19 University Institute of France (IUF), France 1.17 4.55 44 263.4%
20 Paris Observatory, France 3.95 3.85 156 -9.1%
21 Institut d'Optique Graduate School (IOGS), France 4.34 3.66 139 -21.4%
22 University of Savoy (USMB), France 2.79 3.66 128 22.1%
23 Institut Mines-Télécom (IMT), France 1.93 3.48 243 67.5%
24 University of Lille Nord de France, France 4.82 3.46 28 -33.1%
25 Le Mans University, France 2.16 3.14 15 35.2%
26 University of Rennes 1, France 1.90 3.04 34 48.7%
27 CY Cergy Paris University, France 1.23 2.87 25 116.6%
28 Chimie ParisTech (ENSCP), France 1.38 2.69 82 82.0%
29 Institut Polytechnique de Bordeaux (Bordeaux INP), France 1.33 2.26 24 58.7%
30 University of Nantes, France 2.25 2.00 56 -17.0%
31 Superior National School of Advanced Techniques (ENSTA ParisTech), France 0.52 1.87 147 237.4%
32 University of Toulon (UTLN), France 1.43 1.81 16 18.3%
33 École Normale Supérieure Paris-Saclay (ENS Paris-Saclay), France 1.01 1.52 131 39.4%
34 University of Technology of Belfort-Montbéliard (UTBM), France 3.02 1.50 15 -53.8%
35 University of Burgundy, France 2.18 1.47 11 -37.1%
36 University Clermont Auvergne, France 2.54 1.30 111 -52.4%
37 University of Paris Nord (Paris 13), France 2.32 1.30 6 -47.9%
38 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 2.01 1.29 139 -40.0%
39 University of Tours (UFR), France 0.81 1.11 8 27.1%
40 École Supérieure d'Électricité (Supélec), France 0.68 1.06 139 44.0%
41 École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Economique (ENSAE ParisTech), France 0.15 1.05 141 531.8%
42 Higher Institute for Electronics and Digital Training (ISEN), France 1.09 1.04 12 -11.1%
43 University of Rouen, France 0.54 1.04 7 79.4%
44 Caen University (UNICAEN), France 0.75 1.04 15 29.9%
45 University of Picardie Jules Verne (UPJV), France 0.11 1.04 10 762.2%
46 Gustave Eiffel University, France 1.65 1.01 13 -43.3%
47 University of Orléans, France 2.93 0.95 18 -70.0%
48 University of Franche-Comté (UFC), France 1.32 0.91 14 -35.5%
49 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier (ENSCM), France 1.28 0.84 23 -39.3%
50 University of Paris Ouest (Paris 10), France 0.81 4 N/A
51 École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC), France 0.57 0.81 12 32.9%
52 University of Valenciennes and Hainaut-Cambrésis (UVHC), France 0.89 0.73 8 -24.0%
53 Centrale Graduate School, France 0.21 0.68 134 208.3%
54 National Engineering Institute in Mechanics and Microtechnologies (ENSMM), France 1.02 0.67 8 -39.1%
55 University of Angers, France 0.03 0.66 8 1,700.2%
56 École Supérieure de Danse de Cannes Rosella Hightower, France 0.56 0.66 78 9.7%
56 Sustainable Design School (SDS), France 0.56 0.66 78 9.7%
56 National School of Fine Arts at the Villa Arson, France 0.56 0.66 78 9.7%
56 École Supérieure de Réalisation Audiovisuelle (ESRA), France 0.56 0.66 78 9.7%
56 EDHEC Business School, France 0.56 0.66 78 9.7%
56 SKEMA Business School, France 0.56 0.66 78 9.7%
57 Bretagne Loire University, France 0.67 0.63 48 -11.6%
58 University of Poitiers, France 0.96 0.61 5 -40.4%
59 École Centrale Lyon, France 0.74 0.56 8 -29.4%
60 University of New Caledonia (UNC), France 0.41 1 N/A
61 Paris-Est Créteil University (UPEC), France 0.32 0.41 7 20.0%
62 University of Western Brittany (UBO), France 0.60 0.38 10 -41.7%
63 AgroParisTech, France 0.36 0.37 123 -5.1%
64 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes (ENSCR), France 0.39 0.37 9 -12.0%
65 University of Évry-Val d'Essonne (UEVE), France 0.17 0.35 5 93.8%
66 École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE), France 0.36 0.33 67 -14.3%
67 School of Higher Studies in Social Sciences (EHESS), France 0.09 0.33 61 251.5%
68 University of Haute-Alsace (UHA), France 0.27 0.32 42 10.4%
69 University of South Brittany (UBS), France 0.53 0.29 9 -49.4%
70 HEC Paris, France 0.06 0.27 120 291.9%
71 Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace (ISAE-SUPAERO), France 0.32 0.26 4 -25.8%
72 Arts et Métiers ParisTech (ENSAM), France 0.50 0.26 5 -51.9%
73 University of Technology of Compiègne (UTC), France 0.24 5 N/A
74 Paris Dauphine University, France 0.62 0.22 61 -66.1%
75 École Centrale de Lille, France 0.20 0.21 4 -2.1%
76 National Superior Conservatory of the Dramatic Arts (CNSAD), France 0.09 0.20 60 117.0%
76 National Superior Conservatory of Paris for Music and Dance (CNSMDP), France 0.09 0.20 60 117.0%
76 École Nationale Supérieure des Métiers de l’Image et du Son (La Fémis), France 0.09 0.20 60 117.0%
76 Lycée Henri-IV, France 0.09 0.20 60 117.0%
76 Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts (ENSBA), France 0.09 0.20 60 117.0%
76 École Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs (E.N.S.A.D.), France 0.09 0.20 60 117.0%
76 École Nationale des Chartes (ENC), France 0.09 0.20 60 117.0%
76 French School of Asian Studies (EFEO), France 0.34 0.20 60 -44.2%
77 National School for Water and Environmental Engineering of Strasbourg (ENGEES), France 0.19 4 N/A
78 Pantheon-Sorbonne University (Paris 1), France 0.19 2 N/A
79 SIGMA Clermont, France 0.69 0.19 2 -74.5%
80 École Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Brest (ENIB), France 0.36 0.18 4 -53.6%
81 University of Technology of Troyes (UTT), France 1.17 0.17 2 -86.4%
82 ESIEA Group, France 0.17 1 N/A
83 University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour (UPPA), France 0.11 0.17 6 37.9%
84 École Supérieure de Chimie Physique Électronique de Lyon or (CPE Lyon), France 0.45 0.15 3 -68.6%
85 École Centrale de Nantes (EC Nantes), France 0.15 2 N/A
86 University of the French West Indies (UAG), France 0.09 0.14 5 47.3%
87 University of La Rochelle, France 0.06 0.13 1 86.2%
88 Montpellier SupAgro, France 0.03 0.12 3 243.4%
89 Artois University, France 0.20 0.09 3 -56.5%
90 Institut d'Enseignement Supérieur et de Recherche en Alimentation, Santé Animale, Sciences Agronomiques et de l'Environnement (VetAgro Sup), France 0.04 0.05 2 39.4%
91 École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État (ENTPE), France 0.13 0.05 1 -64.4%
91 École Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Saint-Etienne (ENISE), France 0.13 0.05 1 -64.4%
92 Pôle Supérieur d’Enseignement Artistique Paris Boulogne-Billancourt (PSPBB), France 0.04 3 N/A
92 Institut Européen d'Administration des Affaires (INSEAD), France 0.04 3 N/A
93 University of Rennes 2, France 0.04 0.04 4 -21.0%
93 French School of Public Health (EHESP), France 0.05 0.04 4 -33.9%
94 Burgundy School of Business, France 0.02 1 N/A
95 École Nationale de l'Aviation Civile (ENAC), France 0.01 0.01 1 48.9%
96 Paul Valéry University (Montpellier III), France 0.03 0.01 2 -73.1%
97 University of London Institute in Paris (ULIP), France 0.00 0.01 2 18,404.1%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.