2021 tables: Institutions - Nature & Science - academic

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 14.46 17.91 103 12.3%
2 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 15.36 16.30 104 -3.8%
3 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 2.69 8.50 61 186.2%
4 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 8.66 7.77 56 -18.7%
5 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 5.43 7.21 29 20.5%
6 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 2.25 5.96 44 140.0%
7 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 2.41 3.51 20 31.8%
8 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 3.51 2.06 26 -46.9%
9 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 2.47 2.06 22 -24.6%
10 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 1.93 2.04 24 -4.1%
11 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 1.99 1.94 15 -11.7%
12 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 2.70 1.74 21 -41.7%
13 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 1.75 1.73 25 -10.4%
14 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 1.81 1.55 21 -21.9%
15 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.48 1.52 17 185.6%
16 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 0.46 1.44 13 185.5%
17 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 2.06 1.26 17 -44.5%
18 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 2.32 1.22 10 -52.2%
19 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 1.11 1.11 9 -9.1%
20 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.16 0.92 8 425.4%
21 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 0.37 0.86 17 110.7%
22 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 1.83 0.77 3 -62.0%
23 Royal Veterinary College, University of London (RVC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.37 0.74 6 83.4%
24 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.50 0.71 6 29.4%
25 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 0.56 6 368.4%
26 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 0.50 4 539.0%
27 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.33 0.49 8 -66.4%
28 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 1.08 0.46 7 -61.7%
29 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 0.30 0.43 12 28.9%
30 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.41 5 1,318.9%
31 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 1.08 0.41 14 -65.6%
32 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.32 0.39 10 9.3%
33 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.04 0.38 14 -66.9%
34 University of Stirling, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.37 6 1,028.2%
35 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.71 0.36 8 -54.6%
36 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.30 10 58.6%
37 University of Brighton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.29 3 1,711.0%
38 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 0.28 6 562.2%
39 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 0.27 2 N/A
40 Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.42 0.26 2 -43.6%
41 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.24 3 N/A
42 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.42 0.23 6 -49.7%
43 Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.23 2 5,838.9%
44 University of Lincoln, United Kingdom (UK) 0.21 0.21 6 -9.5%
45 University of Ulster (UU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 2 N/A
46 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.15 7 16,049.0%
47 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.12 7 -34.8%
48 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.11 3 1,893.9%
49 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 3 N/A
50 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 3 N/A
51 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 0.09 9 21.3%
52 University of Greenwich, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 0.07 1 185.0%
52 Edinburgh Napier University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 1 N/A
53 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 0.07 3 -70.0%
54 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 0.09 0.07 2 -36.1%
55 University of the Highlands and Islands (UHI), United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 2 N/A
56 Anglia Ruskin University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.12 0.06 6 -56.0%
57 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.05 4 60.1%
58 Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.05 4 1,734.8%
59 Intensive Care National Audit & Research Centre (ICNARC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
60 Brunel University London, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.03 1 530.1%
61 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.03 5 -46.3%
62 University of Hertfordshire (UH), United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 0.03 1 -64.9%
63 University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
64 St George's, University of London (SGUL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.02 5 147.0%
65 Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.73 0.02 1 -97.5%
66 Abertay University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.02 8 141.8%
67 Scotland's Rural College (SRUC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.02 1 11.4%
68 University of Westminster, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
69 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 2 N/A
70 Truro School, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 1 N/A
71 University of the West of Scotland (UWS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 1 N/A
72 London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), United Kingdom (UK) 0.78 0.01 2 -99.2%
73 Birmingham City University (BCU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.00 1 -36.7%
74 Bournemouth University (BU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.00 1 -36.7%
75 Middlesex University (MU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.00 1 17.9%
76 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.00 2 -99.5%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.